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I have a file containing 16-bit samples and I want to encrypt it, but the problem is that I need to be able to read any random 16-bit value from the file, and be to able to decrypt it, without reading larger (or surrounding) blocks. Because else it would require huge modifications to the device and driver.

It doesnt need to be very strong encryption, so I thought about just XOR-ing each 16-bit value with a another (fixed) value. But thats not really secure once the plain-text is known. And there are many samples with the value '0' at the start of the stream, so it would be easy to deduce the secret XOR value just by looking to the startblock.

Is there a similar method, that is almost as efficient and low-memory, but offers a little more security than my example above? The encryption may only take a few CPU cycles because its for an embedded MCU, however the decryption will be done using very fast CPU's.

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merged by Hendrik Brummermann Oct 10 '13 at 11:22

this question was merged with Which encryption method supports random reads? because it is an exact duplicate of that question.