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I am looking for an authentication mechanism that works best with low memory, low computing power devices. I came across a paper "A Practical Zero-Knowledge Protocol Fitted to Security Microprocessor Minimizing Both Transmission and Memory" which is released in 1988.

Couldnt find any recent papers. Is it the best one or am I missing some ?

UPDATE:

I have a case where I have few processors connected to a gateway processors. I can send upto 64 bits of data at a time. Computing power is low in the sense that I cant employ something like AES-128 algorithm in all chips. I also need to minimize the number of bits of data send for authentication

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You might want to add some more details to your question. For instance, who/what do you want to authenticate to whom, what kind of keys/passwords/tokens do they share, what kind of processor are you talking about ("low" can be relative), and what kind of attack scenarios are you expecting? –  Ilmari Karonen Dec 17 '13 at 1:15
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If you can't even do AES at all, I'm not sure how you think you're going to implement any kind of zero-knowledge proof. There's very little practical crypto you can do with devices that limited. (Then again, it's also possible that you're just underestimating the performance of your processors; even many smart cards can do AES nowadays.) –  Ilmari Karonen Dec 17 '13 at 2:40
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1 Answer

SRP doesn't require very much memory, has a low transmission cost (4 packets), and its CPU usage isn't very high (less than 1 second on a low-end 32-bit CPU, but higher on something like an 8-bit CPU).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_Remote_Password_protocol

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@skillzeo I cant use this since it require computation at both parties and have to send messages between them many times –  user5507 Dec 17 '13 at 1:39
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