Cryptography Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for software developers, mathematicians and others interested in cryptography. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

In the Type A curve used in Pairing based Cryptography, what is meant by sign0 & sign1 in the expression below?

a_param struct fields:

exp2, exp1, sign1, sign0, r:
  r = 2^exp2 + sign1 * 2^exp1 + sign0 * 1 (Solinas prime)
q, h:
  r * h = q + 1
  q is a prime, h is a multiple of 12 (thus q = -1 mod 12)


share|improve this question

The values $\mathtt{sign0}$ and $\mathtt{sign1}$ are just signs, i.e., indicating negative or positive sign (elements from the set $\{-1,1\}$).

share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.