A signature of some data can mean many different things, such as: This is a message I sent, this is a certificate I validated,... So I was surprised that common signing schemes don't include a "purpose" parameter as part of the signature. In particular I didn't find such a parameter in the schemes from PKCS#1.
Other methods such as PBKDF2 include a way to include a purpose designation that prevents interactions between different applications. In the case of PBKDF2 the purpose is simply concatenated with the salt.
Why is there no such purpose designation of a signature?
This would make it possible to use a single private key for multiple purposes, as long as the same signature scheme (such as RSASSA-PSS) is used in all of them. It would also help if a key is reused for different purposes accidentally.
Are there any existing workarounds?
This was one of the first things I ran into when looking at digital signatures, so I'd expect other people to have had the same problem. I'd prefer reusing an existing scheme here, instead of inventing my own.
What kind of workaround would be possible?
My first instinct is to sign the result of
HMAC(message, purpose) and make sure this is the only kind of data ever signed. Would this be secure?
(I'm talking about a signature-only key used with a single signature scheme here, since I know that it's bad to use a single key with different schemes or for encryption+signature)