As far as is publicly known, no, you can't.
If you could, that would constitute a practical known-plaintext key recovery attack on AES, and the existence of such an attack would mean that AES would be considered totally insecure by modern cryptographic standards.
If you do figure out how to do that, publish it and you'll be famous.
(Or, if you'd prefer money over fame, take it to your local/favorite intelligence agency or organized crime syndicate. But note that this option carries some significant risk, since whoever you sold that information to would now have a considerable interest in preventing you from selling it to anyone else).
One exception to this is the case where the keyspace is (or you suspect it may be) sufficiently small to allow a brute force exhaustive search of it. That could e.g. be the case if the key is derived from a passphrase that may not have been chosen securely (that is, at random from a sufficiently large pool of combinations). In that case — especially if no delibrately slow key derivation function was used to strengthen the key — you could just write some code (or build some hardware) to try all likely passphrases until you find one that gives the correct encryption.