I'm studying UProve, and one of the fundamental components of this technology is based upon the relationship between
i^Q mod P = 1
Lacking a specific name I can call this mathematical relationship, where can I learn more about this equation?
I've heard that not only will the equation equal one, but there are instances it may equal P.
PS - I'm not sure how to tag this so your feedback is welcome, or let me know if this is better on the math.SE