# Complex Numbers on Elliptic Curves & Usage in Tate Pairing

I'm working with understanding the internals of the Tate Pairing. I was going through an example of the curve $E: y^2 = x^3 + 3x$ over $\mathbb{F_{11}}$. The author is showing the computation of $e(P,Q)$, where $P=(1,9)$ and $Q = \phi (P) = (10,9i)$ using Miller's Algorithm. Through this algorithm, the author chose a point $Q' = (6,6)$ and then computes $S = Q + Q' = (8+7i, 10+6i)$. This is where I'm having an issue, I can't seem to determine how the complex addition of points occurs in elliptic curves, and I'm looking for an explanation in the usage for the Tate pairing.