AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is a symmetrical block-cipher algorithm with a 128-bit block size, and key sizes of 128, 192 or 256 bits.

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How openssl padding for AES cfb IV?

From a few documents I have read and a few questions about padding here, I think if I passed a encrypted text fewer than BLOCK SIZE, openssl would pad it per PKCS7. And use that padded encrypted text ...
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34 views

Optimisation of AES using JIT and table look ups [on hold]

How can look up tables & JIT Compilation = Just In time Compilation help during optimization of AES?
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235 views

How to verify a shared secret using only AES?

I have two devices that need to verify that they both are in possesion of the same secret key. One of the devices is a very limited embedded device that only has AES128 available, no SHA or other hash ...
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53 views

where can i learn the basics of AES?

i was tasked with making an expo about AES and its steps, but i still cant grasp it, especially when it comes to "key schedule". anyone knows some good material to start learning? or someone can give ...
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16 views

RFC 5297 implementation [duplicate]

I am looking for an implementation of RFC 5297 algorithm using javascript. I would like to see how to wrap a key on client side web browser, like Mozilla's fxa-auth-client (That uses a xor to wrap) ...
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224 views

AES as Integer Program

I read that AES can be broken by solving a Linear Integer Program (IP). From a given encrypted text, how can one construct this IP? How big is the system?
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Clefia Vs AES 128 bit

I am running a comparison between Clefia (Lightweight cipher from Sony Corporation which is a standard now http://www.sony.net/Products/cryptography/clefia/standard/index.html) and AES 128 bit. The ...
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Can I use the output from a DRBG directly as K for AES, or do I need to use a key generator algorithm?

NIST has 3 validated "Recommendation for Random Number Generation Using Deterministic Random Bit Generators" (DRBG's) that are based on NIST SP 800-90A: Hash_DRBG (based on hash functions) ...
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Is a padding oracle attack possible if data is only encrypted internally on a server (e.g. for storage)?

I read something about the padding oracle attack when analysing the use of an AES-encryption of data in a database and was "scared" it could be a serious issue. But after investigating a bit further, ...
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25 views

GMAC implementation in C [closed]

Anyone please provide some reference on open source implementation of GMAC in C or C++. It'd be good if someone can refer AES_GCM implementation that can be used for GMAC authentication only.
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Where is the authentication tag stored in file encrypted using AES-GCM?

So I am using cryptopp to encrypt a file in a project and I am using AES-GCM. I have a 256bit key and a 128bit ivec and a 128bit tag that I use to encrypt files. However, I want to know where the ...
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75 views

Security aspects of using a global values as nonce and additional data for AES?

is it a good idea to use global values as nonce / additional data? What problems can occur? What should be take in account when we deal with such parameters for encryption. Thanks
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36 views

How to generate the APA SBox?

I am trying to generate the S-Box provided in the Affine Power Affine paper (PDF) but I'm not sure I understand it fully. The essence of the paper is this: ...
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114 views

Multiple AES/ECB encryptions of different data with same key all end with same pattern

We have used "AES/ECB/PKCS5Padding" with a 256 bit key. We encrypt different streams of data (blockwise) with the same key. Each encrypted stream ends with same pattern. What is the reason for this?
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26 views

SSL certificate / SSL configuration - FIPS-197 compliance

What does it mean when we talk about FIPS-197 compliance in the context of SSL certificates, their deployment and usage ? I am almost certain that the FIPS-197 compliance in the context of SSL ...
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43 views

side channel attacks against TDES (compared to AES)

We all know AES has some pretty strong side channel attacks, some where (with a couple of hundred know plain- and ciphertext combinations) a key can be derived in a matter of minutes. Others may take ...
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334 views

AES Affine Transformation in $GF(2^4)$

in $GF(2^8)$ the AES affine transformation is defined as \begin{equation*} b( x ) = ( x^7 + x^6 + x^2 + x ) + a ( x )( x^7 + x^6 + x^5 + x^4 + 1) mod (x^8 + 1) \end{equation*} where the polynom $( x^7 ...
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nonce of AES-GCM in SSL

It seems that the nonce of AES-GCM in SSL has 3 parts: salt, 4 bytes, generated in handshake, not changed in whole session nonce_explicit, 8 bytes, chosen by the sender and carried in each SSL ...
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47 views

How is the MAC or HMAC secret shared with the other party for verification?

I've seen people everywhere say to use a MAC or HMAC with block ciphers. I think I understand the basics, but I'm still not sure how the HMAC secret is distributed so the other party can verify that ...
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What is safer: ZipCrypto or AES-256?

Like in title: which one of these encryption methods (ZipCrypto, AES-256) is more secure and why? I am asking about it because I'd like to know which should be preferred when compressing files with ...
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What are the difference between cryptographic primitives and encryption primitives?

For example, from reading I found that the cryptographic primitives of both AES and DES are Confusion and Diffusion. However the encryption primitive for DES was Substitution and Permutation while ...
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42 views

if using cbc+hmac dealing with small size of data(less than 128bit) , will it cause any problem?

if use AES-cbc,HMAC-SHA256, and there is some txt needed to be enc, and I divide this txt into small packages with variable length, then enc them. some of these package can be less than 128bit. Is ...
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AES-XTS: find key from ciphertext and plaintext [duplicate]

Let's say I have a plaintext, the corresponding ciphertext encrypted using AES-XTS, and the initialization vectors. Is there any way - not brute force, of course - to compute the key? Even if there's ...
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57 views

AES Mix Columns and Shift Rows

Why we use Mix Columns and Shift Rows in AES? FOr example, if i want implement an AES algorithm without Mix Columns and Shift Rows what is the difference in the ciphertext?
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How do I store encrypted files on a web server and decrypt them locally?

I want to store files (images) on a public webserver and let users see them if they know a password. The server shouldn't have the unecrypted files and the server can only serve files, not perform ...
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CTR HMAC SHA256 implementation

After trying to invent my own AES mode, I decided to just implement something that's known to work, namely CTR with HMAC SHA256. From what I understand, I can use the IV as a counter, and the IV ...
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Is it possible to tweak AES-GCM so that it is satisfactory for whole-disk encryption (like XTS mode)?

Is it possible to leverage a preexisting implementation of AES-GCM to provide the key security benefits essential for full-disk encryption (similar to AES-XTS)? GCM is a popular encryption mode ...
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82 views

What do I use as the encryption key and initialization vector in AES cfb128

I'm writing a program that can encrypt a file using AES cfb128 (using Openssl and C++). The scenario of the program is this: Person A visits computer, encrypts a file they make, takes away a key ...
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1k views

What is the probability of breaking the AES algorithm?

I am doing a project which requires the encryption to be done using AES. Is it really possible (technically) to crack AES? If yes, please tell me: What is the probability of breaking AES? How ...
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62 views

Affine transformation in AES: Matrix representation

I know that the affine transformation of the AES can be represented both as a polynomial evaluation over $\operatorname{GF}(2^8)$ and as a matrix-vector multiplication (see, e.g., p.212 C.4 of The ...
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36 views

AES inversion operation in sub byes

I was wondering why in the AES sub-bytes operation one can represent the inversion as computing $x^{254}$. What is the reason for this? Moreoever, I was wondering what the text on page 212 of ...
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357 views

AES file encryption with PBKDF2. Safe parameters?

I'm developing an application that will use public key authentication to contact some webservice. So the user has his keypair on his computer, and I want that file to be encrypted using AES with a key ...
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Is there any opensource white-box implementation of AES or DES?

I googled it and give me no result. There is a binary executable of white-box implementation of DES (scroll down), but no source code provided. The same page also links various papers about ...
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Decrypt AES-encrypted data with another key

Here is a plain question, all filled with pseudo-real data :) We have a string: "hello" and two keys for AES: GoodKey and BadKey. We encrypt our string with GoodKey, and receive something like ...
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Choice of multiplication polynomial in Rijndael s-box affine mapping

The Rijndael specification details the design choices for the s-box in section 7.2. They describe the choice of affine mapping as follows: We have chosen an affine mapping that has a very simple ...
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108 views

Rijndael S-boxes: Where do the $\mu$ and $\nu$ polynomial ring elements come from?

I've asked some other questions before about Rijndael's S-boxes, and step by step I'm coming to an understanding; but those steps often guide me to new questions. I did some lines of code to ...
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23 views

Device intercommunication with commands

I want to create a smart house project, and in that i bought some simple RF modules. Those modules don't support crypto out of the box but i want to connect them to a device that i would program to ...
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92 views

Can Poly1305-AES be used with AES-256?

I'm reading through Bernstein's The Poly1305-AES message-authentication code. The MAC is predicated on 16-byte block ciphers like AES and produces 16-byte authentication tags. However, Bernstein does ...
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AES product function

Small description: consider a polynomial in GF($2^8$) , which has the form $$f(x) = b_7x^7 + b6x^6 + b_{5}x^5 + b_4x^4 + b_3x^3 + b_2x^2 + b_1x + b_0 $$ If we multiply by x , we have $$x * f(x) = ...
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About the Security of PCBC Encryption Mode

We are designing an encrypted file system. We plan to use the PCBC (Plaintext Cipher Block Chaining) encryption mode for encryption. This is because we desire the feature ("small changes in the ...
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How dangerous is it to encrypt with AES 256 if the end user knows the unencrypted value?

I am implementing a bit of security in a system that was originally built without encryption on a specific piece of data. The plan was to encrypt this piece of data and include it as part of the ...
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31 views

Determining nonce between unsynced systems

It's my first venture into cryptography, and I'm struggling with how to use a nonce in an encryption standard between two digital radios. The two radios support AES encryption, only requiring a ...
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454 views

Any use for now-defunct Mt Gox Yubikey?

As everyone is now aware, Mt Gox has declared bankruptcy. As what appears to be the very last thing they did, Mt Gox accepted my $35 and fulfilled my special Mt Gox Yubikey. Having just arrived in the ...
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1answer
131 views

Differential Fault Analysis of AES

Let's say: an error is induced into an implementation of the AES-128 to produce a faulty ciphertext. The error is a one-byte eror and is always induced on the last state byte, during round9, before ...
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Requested to encrypt data with AES256, digital certification, timestamped

at my job we have been tasked by gov to encrypt some data we send to them. The "law" says we have to do the title above, but they only need us to do the AES256 thing because the data is not really ...
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92 views

decrypt a saml 2.0 response having aes 128 and rsa [closed]

I need to decrypt a saml 2.0 response. But, the response object has reference to aes 128 and rsa algorithms, and I am having hard time in finding a way to decrypt. Below is the structure of the ...
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AES encryption takes more time to decrypt than encrypt

I am trying to find how much time an AES encryption and decryption takes for a given amount of data and key. In all the cases encryption takes way lesser processing time than decryption. I tried to ...
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Block cipher mode with diffusion on ciphertext

As I understand, diffusion property in AES-CBC ensures that one-bit change in plaintext will yield changes in all following blocks in ciphertext upon encryption. I'm looking for algorithm that will ...
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FileVault AES-XTS decryption with cipher text that's missing a part

My mac was recently upgraded to OS X Yosemite and FileVault2 full disk encryption was turned on. Encryption finished, but things went horribly wrong and key parts of the disk are filled with all 0s ...
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101 views

Repair AES-128 decrypted file

I decrypted a file which was encrypted with OpenSSL and AES-128 with the wrong password. Before I noticed it was the wrong password I removed the original file. Is there a possibility to reproduce the ...