Authentication is successfully validating that an entity you are communicating with is actually who they claim to be. The entity typically demonstrates who they are by showing they possess a secret that only they could know.

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RSA encryption with private key and decryption with a public key

When using the RSA cryptosystem, does it still work if you instead encrypt with the private key and decrypt with the public key? What about in the case of using RSA for sender authentication?
3
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2answers
153 views

Why doesn't this dummy mutual authentication protocol provide mutual authentication?

I am a student taking a cryptography course so forgive me if this comes off as a silly question. This is an assignment question: $Alice \rightarrow R \rightarrow Bob$ $Alice \leftarrow [R]B ...
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100 views

Symmetric-Key Based authentication [closed]

So i've managed to answer all the other cryptography questions, but I have not come across this exam style question before, and need help.
5
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2answers
147 views

Does data authenticity always, implicitly, provide data integrity?

Does a scheme which provides data authenticity (e.g. HMAC or RSA signature) always implicitly provide integrity? It seems, to me at least, that it must by necessity. However, I have seen ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Why would splitting a password output be better than separate HMACs for encryption/authentication key derivation?

In a recent question I asked here on crypto.se, an answer was given that surprised me a bit. As mentioned in the referenced question, I'm looking to derive encryption and authentication keys from ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Security assessment between $g^{a_ix_i+r_i}$ and $g^{x_i+r_i}$ [closed]

Imagine a tagging system whose security requirements imply to learn nothing from the tag about the encoded value. We consider a plaintext space $X \in \mathbb{Z}_p$ and a group $\mathbb{G}$ where ...
3
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1answer
329 views

Any use for now-defunct Mt Gox Yubikey?

As everyone is now aware, Mt Gox has declared bankruptcy. As what appears to be the very last thing they did, Mt Gox accepted my $35 and fulfilled my special Mt Gox Yubikey. Having just arrived in the ...
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0answers
37 views

Performance analysis of roaming authentication protocol using pbc library

Recently, I have surveyed a few research papers related to roaming authentication protocol for wireless networks. For example: “Efficient Privacy-Preserving Authentication in Wireless Mobile Networks” ...
1
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1answer
195 views

What is the best way to share a shared secret key over HTTPS to be used for HMAC authentication?

I am writing an application in Java that will be using SHA-1 HMAC message authentication. From what I understand, a connection over HTTPS is considered secure enough to share a secret key in plain ...
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0answers
48 views

Smart card Strong authentication / Verification ( fingerprints)

I'm trying to make a strong authentication software and embedded software in a java card. I have found many papers and publications about the subject… too much information to process and I'm working ...
1
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2answers
257 views

How does Google's “authenticator number generator” work?

I have two-factor authentication enabled on my Google account, and I have this app on my phone which generates a number I have to type when I'm logging in to Google-Mail. But I don't understand how ...
1
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1answer
393 views

Schnorr Identification Scheme under active adversary

According to the paper “GQ and Schnorr Identification Schemes: Proofs of Security against Impersonation under Active and Concurrent Attacks” by Mihir Bellare and Adriana Palacio, the Schnorr ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange with Authentication: Man-in-the-Middle query

I have been reading up on MiTM attacks, and the prevention of them using public key certificates. Recently I learnt about Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange with Authentication, and how it uses signed ...
3
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2answers
191 views

Why have Nonce and why encrypt everything in step 2 for Needham-Schroeder?

Here is the protocol outline I am looking at (source: Foundations of Computer Security, Lecture 60: The Needham-Schroeder Protocol) $$ \begin{array}{ccl} 1.& A \to S \colon& A,B,N_a \\ ...
3
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1answer
54 views

What vulnerabilities would open up if PGP authentication didn't have integrity checking?

It is my understanding that PGP has both an integrity check and an authentication check. What vulnerabilities would open up if it didn't have that integrity check? It seems like the authentication ...
3
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2answers
75 views

Group membership with unique anonymous claims

Is it possible to accomplish the following scheme? There is a Server (S) and many clients. Each client enrolls with S, exposing its real identity; S saves the real identity information in its ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Reliability of a single-pass deniable authentication protocol?

I look for one-pass deniable authentication protocol with a short message payload for my project and find a solution: ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Compression step of PGP

We do compression in PGP. Does this step increase/decrease or either have any effect regarding the authentication of a message?
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2answers
57 views

Operation sequence authentication shared storage

Let's say there is a shared storage: USB flash drive, external HDD, or whatever you like. I'll refer to it as disk. Also, there are multiple parties, let's say Alice and Bob (may be thousands of them) ...
9
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4answers
448 views

Authenticated DH, what protocols are secure?

I read about STS + variants being insecure in the SIGMA paper, which then proposes SIGMA as a replacement. Are the SIGMA variants still considered secure or are there some other protocol that's ...
4
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4answers
380 views

Efficient Symmetric Mutual Entity Authentication Protocol

I am looking for an Authentication protocol for access control. Let's say both the client and server would share a symmetric secret (256 bit key) and the client wants to access the server. Access ...
1
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0answers
121 views

Challenge–response authentication which can be done in head?

Say we have door where you have to say a password to pass. If theres someone standing nearby he would hear the password and could also use it. So therefore the doorman gives you a different number ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Distributed authentication in low trust environment

I would like to inquire if there is any Method to achieve the following: There is a list $L$ of $n$ entities that are allowed to perform a certain action. $L$ is cryptographically signed by some ...
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1answer
96 views

Is there need for message authentication if a public key is transmitted and then used to encrypt a symmetric key?

First I'd like to note that I'm really a beginner at cryptography, and while this interests me and while I have researched it in the past few months, there is still a lot of things that simply aren't ...
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0answers
86 views

Is MITM possible after key exchange phase done successfully in RSA?

Is MITM attack theoretically possible after public/private key pair exchange is done successfully. Say Alice and Bob have genuine public keys of each other. Is MITM possible further during ...
1
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1answer
215 views

Check the validity of a rsa key pair with only the public key? [duplicate]

I am currently developing a messaging application that uses rsa end to end encryption. The client generates permanent rsa keys, and sends the public key to my server for account management. As it ...
1
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1answer
66 views

OTP sequence uniqueness

Is it possible to use Time-based One Time Password (TOTP) algorithms to generate tokens from multiple channels (where a channel is defined as a "user" using a certain shared key $K_c$ for channel ...
2
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3answers
227 views

How can we sign a contract digitally between two parties?

I'm trying to sign a contract with another party, without using handwritten signatures. I've just read through Applied Cryptography, but there doesn't seem to be a protocol that can solve this ...
0
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1answer
190 views

Unique, anonymous online authentication

Is there a way to authenticate users online without knowing their real identity yet preventing them from registering twice? If not, what is the least amount of information you would need? If it helps, ...
3
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2answers
139 views

What is sent on the initial communication with Kerberos?

When a user wants to communicate with another user (let's say Alice and Bob), what is sent over the network during the initial communication? Alice uses her Kerberos client and enters her password ...
5
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1answer
253 views

What is 'Carry-forward verification' defense against MITM?

Wikipedia article on Man-in-the-middle attack mentions, in the list of defenses against it, some method called "Carry-forward verification", but it does not explain it. I am curious about different ...
3
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3answers
224 views

Is the following authentication protocol insecure?

I am a student taking cryptography this semester. I was just wondering why can't we use this simple protocol? Alice → Open Connection → Bob Alice ← Cert$_b$ ← Bob Alice → {K$_{AB}$}$_{Bob}$ → Bob ...
4
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1answer
120 views

Encrypting a TCP connection between two unknown nodes

I'm writing an application for controlling computers from a client. I'd very much like it if the connection is secure and only authenticated clients are allowed access. The workflow will be ...
5
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2answers
92 views

Why is this authentication procedure using Rabin crypto not useful?

A friend asked me the following, pointing out that the method is not very useful (my problem is I do not see why it is not good): Consider a person A which chooses $n$ as the public key for the ...
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1answer
202 views

Is this new server API authentication protocol secure?

I need a secure protocol to authenticate client side users with my server which has an API. I am devising something more secure particularly to resist active MITM attacks where an attacker may modify ...
4
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1answer
1k views

What is “Implicit Authentication”?

What is “Implicit Authentication” in the context of authentication methods? I searched the Web but could not find any article that describes this. If anyone can describe it, that would be a great ...
0
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1answer
102 views

A replay attack question

Which of the following protocols is susceptible to replay attack :- 1) A -----> B username, password 2) A -----> B username, h(timestamp,password) 3) A -----> B username timestamp, ...
10
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1answer
211 views

Shadowed identity in cryptography

I was trying to implement zero knowledge protocol for authentication based on the paper "A Practical Zero-Knowledge Protocol Fitted to Security Microprocessor Minimizing Both Transmission and Memory". ...
0
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0answers
43 views

How to select parameters based on some condition

I am implementing a protocol for authentication where parameters need to be selected with $gcd(\mu,\phi)=1$ where $\phi=(p−1)(q−1)$. What is the best way to select the parameters while implementing
3
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1answer
157 views

What does this Authentication protocol achieve and what information is shared?

I'm having trouble with the following question from my class: "What is the purpose of the protocol, and how does it achieve this purpose and what shared information does A and B end up after ...
3
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1answer
154 views

How to attack this authentication protocol from “Cryptography: An introduction”

Consider the following protocol (from the book "Cryptography: An introduction", by Nigel Smart): ...
2
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1answer
170 views

Off-the-record communication

Is my protocol correct? For fun, I tried to design a protocol that would allow off-the-record communication. I'm not sure it works, I have a feeling there might be a problem with it that I'm not ...
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3answers
3k views

Specification of the Megamos crypto algorithm

It has recently emerged that a paper that was scheduled to appear at Usenix Security 2013, titled "Dismantling Megamos Crypto: Wirelessly Lockpicking a Vehicle Immobiliser", has been censored ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Proof of shared secret through key derivation

Alice gives a random key $K$ (e.g. 32 bytes long) to Bob through a secure channel. Bob want to prove to Alice through an unsecured channel that he knows the key. Is it secure for Bob to send ...
2
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1answer
102 views

With Encrypt-then-MAC, and flexible protocols, do I need to authenticate the authentication?

Sorry, the question is not easy to state (or wasn't for me, anyhow). So I'm writing a very flexible format for security. It allows for full choice of cipher, key size, and so on, along with key ...
2
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2answers
103 views

Is this algorithm demonstrating “proof of work”

Is this algorithm demonstrating proof of work? This is a algorithm where a "token" is combined with a time stamp and then a cryptographic hash is generated from the combination, next the objective is ...
4
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3answers
185 views

Why can an RSA signature be authenticated ONLY with the signer's public key?

I'm an undergraduate Math student currently taking a cryptology course. I have a question about the RSA signature authentication mechanism. An RSA signature can be authenticated with the public key ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Authentication mechanism for low memory, low computing power device

I am looking for an authentication mechanism that works best with low memory, low computing power devices. I came across a paper "A Practical Zero-Knowledge Protocol Fitted to Security Microprocessor ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Why doesn't this authentication protocol work? [duplicate]

I am a student taking a cryptography course so forgive me if this comes off as a silly question. This is an assignment question: Alice ------R--------> Bob Alice <-----[R]B------ Bob Alice ...
2
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1answer
115 views

Authentication of machine before installation (to stop piracy) [closed]

I have a web-software project which needs a bit of protection in form of authencitation… This web based software runs on an intranet. There is no access to the internet from these terminal machines. ...