A block is a sequence of bytes or bits, having a fixed length (the block-size).

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XTS and 256-bit data blocks

I am developer of an application that uses XTS with ciphers which use 128-bit blocks (AES, Serpent and Twofish). I now want to use XTS with a cipher which uses 256-bit blocks (Shacal-2). AFAIK, I ...
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Cracking an appliance's network protocol

I'm trying to crack my thermostat's network protocol. I've captured several rounds of network traffic and here is what I've got to work with. Communicating via HTTP POST The POST data is JSON ...
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Show that the shift, substitution, and Vigenere ciphers are all trivial to break using a known-plaintext attack

i think that we can use the notion of knwn plan text that we could have pairs of both cipher and plantext msg and try to find way from one to another to recover the key i dont knw how to make it with ...
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Blowfish and DES small block size and maximum message size

Would the following affect the maximum message size limititaion of Blowfish and DES due their small 64 bit block size? Let's take Blowfish for example. You take a 256 bit Blowfish key, quickly ...