A certificate consists of a public key and information about the owner (e. g. the name of a person or server).

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4answers
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Recommended skills for a job in cryptology [closed]

First let me apologize if this is an ill posed question. Let me also note that I do not in any way seek a comprehensive answer, simply your thoughts on what makes for a valuable asset to a company ...
11
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2answers
3k views

Unpredictability of X.509 serial numbers

About X.509 certificates serial numbers the RFC 5280 says: The serial number MUST be a positive integer assigned by the CA to each certificate. It MUST be unique for each certificate issued by a ...
10
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2answers
10k views

Difference between “Signature Algorithm” and “Signature Hash Algorithm” in X.509

What's the difference between the "Signature Algorithm" and the "Signature Hash Algorithm" found in an X.509 certificate? Why does it need a "Signature Hash Algorithm"? Edit: I'm creating the ...
9
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1answer
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Why does the PKCS1 RSA private key structure contain more than just exponent and modulus?

The ASN.1 spec for the PKCS1 RSA private key format is as follows: ...
7
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1answer
3k views

How do other, non-RSA algorithms, compare to the PKCS #1 standard?

Arguably the PKCS suite of standards have a profit-oriented bias as they are promoted by RSA and promote their algorithms over others in the form of RFCs and other means. I'm considering the ...
6
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3answers
519 views

Are there other digital certificate formats than X.509?

Hi I am a little new to security, but in researching digital certificates it seems the only format people describe is X.509. Are there other formats? If so what are they and where can I find ...
4
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3answers
409 views

Can we design a public-key infrastructure without certificate authorities?

In a recent essay, Bruce Schneier tasks the engineering community with redesigning and rebuilding the vulnerable parts of the Internet's backbone. We need to figure out how to re-engineer the ...
4
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2answers
443 views

X.509 CSR: Why does CA remove signature?

I just read this article on Wikipedia: Certificate Signing Request I'm not a PKI or Crypto expert. As I understand, a CSR (certification request) is always signed by the PKCS#10-Request creator. ...
4
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2answers
180 views

Can S/MIME be still considered secure?

Previoulsy I had asked this question at http://stackoverflow.com/questions/18235983/can-s-mime-be-still-considered-secure but I feel this forum is topic-wise the right place. Recently there has been ...
4
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3answers
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Diffie-Hellman and man-in-the-middle attacks

See here for the man-in-the-middle attack on Diffie-Hellman that I'm concerned about: What is Diffie-Hellman? How do we combat this? I have two questions: Is one solution for both Alice and Bob ...
4
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1answer
933 views

Need an introduction to SPKI (or “SPKI for dummies”)

I am familiar with concepts such as the following: PKI and CAs ID based cryptography Certificateless cryptography PGP web of trust more or less anything in basic Crypto that is taught in a college ...
4
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1answer
514 views

Client and server using same SSL certificate - any issues?

I'm working on software where multiple components will communicate with each other using SSL. There would be one central component acting as a server, which would also require the clients to present ...
4
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1answer
107 views

What security do digital signatures provide (like used when signing PDFs)?

I want to ask you one question about digital signatures as they are (for example) used when digitally signing PDFs. We know that if our document has a digital signature, we can detect if the original ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What happens when a root CA has its private key compromised?

What happens when a root CA has its private key compromised? Then all children in the tree are compromised too? And then all certificates are compromised? What needs to happen then? Related: - How ...
3
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4answers
737 views

Signature and Timestamp for Long Term Document Archival Question

I have a PDF document intended for long-term (many years, maybe decades) archival which I would like to digitally sign with my personal certificate to ensure its integrity. As far as I understand, I ...
3
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2answers
3k views

How do digital certificates work, and why is it not possible to reverse engineer one from a signed file?

Digital certificates are used quite commonly these days, for signing files. They are used by various operating systems to ensure reliability and security. For example, Android requires that each of ...
3
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2answers
169 views

Smart Card - Entropy during on-board public key generation

I know that some (advanced) smart cards or tokens allow generating key pair directly on the device, but I wonder how the card can gather entropy during the process. Any idea ?
3
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1answer
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Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange with Authentication: Man-in-the-Middle query

I have been reading up on MiTM attacks, and the prevention of them using public key certificates. Recently I learnt about Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange with Authentication, and how it uses signed ...
3
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1answer
638 views

OpenPGP/X.509 bridge: how to verify public key?

I'd like to use OpenPGP authentication over TLS, but lack of implementations made me use a temporary solution: an OpenPGP/X.509 bridge certificate. The approach is very similar to the approach used ...
2
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2answers
131 views

how to let other people respond to emails only decrypt-able with my private key

First of all I have to say it's a homework question but since I have no one to consult with, I ended up here :) Suppose a case in which you are the manager of a company and all employees encrypt ...
2
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2answers
123 views

Could someone reuse client certificates?

To my understanding, if a server “cert+key” (RSA) is compromised, than the SSL/TLS network traffic can be decrypted. What about a client “cert+key” (RSA)? Could someone reuse client certificates? ...
2
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2answers
532 views

Certificateless cryptography

While reading "Certificateless Public Key Cryptography" by Author Sattam S. Al-Riyami and Kenneth G. Paterson, they have considered generation of private keys by a Key Generation Center (KGC). If the ...
2
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2answers
105 views

How does a certificate authority issue a digital certificate?

I am new to cryptography and I want to know the details of how a Certificate Authority issues a digital certificate. From what I know (please correct me if I'm wrong at any parts of my explanation): ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Reusing PGP key when generating SSL Certificate Authority?

Does it make sense to reuse some of the keys from my PGP (gnupg, gpg) keyblock when generating my own SSL Certificate Authority (a toy one for myself and a few web services of mine)? In an ideal ...
2
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1answer
77 views

How to pass an arbitrary signature to a certificate

I am trying to sign certificate (X509) using secret sharing. That is shareholders combine their signatures to produce the final signature which will be in this case the signed certificate. However ...
2
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1answer
423 views

Generate an insecure public / private key pair

I am looking for a way to generate an "insecure" public key pair. and by insecure I actually mean a pair that is breakable using brute-force (or other encryption) methods. As far as I know PGP ...
2
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0answers
335 views

Are any Certificate Authorities using 4096 bit keys for their intermediate and root certificates? [closed]

Are any Certificate Authorities using 4096 bit keys for their intermediate and root certificates? I know you can, of course, use a 4096 bit key for your server certificate, but I usually see 2048 bit ...
2
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0answers
220 views

Creating colliding x509 certificates: Crafting RSA moduli step

I am trying to generate 2 x509 certificates with the same signature but different values in the common name field, based on md5 collisions, as it was specified in this paper (page 7). Now I have ...
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2answers
662 views

Is Common Name encoded in the certificate?

When I make a certificate like so cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/ source ./vars . /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/build-key client1 Then ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Certificate for the public key

I am new to Network Security and learning about various security features like Diffie-Helmann and others. I understand that the Public key send by the server to the client needs to certified that it ...
1
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3answers
91 views

Possible to use an accumulator to “license” or restrict the qty of certificates being used?

Suppose in a future version of x509 PKI, it is possible to limit the quantity of certificates being used, what would that look like? Here is a concept that won't work in the real world, but ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Signature Verification: High level

I'm trying to understand how certificate signing and verification works conceptually. I know the classic example with asymmetric cryptography- the sender encrypts data with public key of receiver, ...
1
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1answer
124 views

EC Public Key length in ASN.1 DER

I have two X.509 certificates in DER format. A: ...
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1answer
277 views

What exactly is inside a private key?

May sound stupid to many, but I would like to have some pointers on what exactly is contained inside a private key. I have decent understanding of public/private keys/certificates (have created them ...
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1answer
323 views

Can you explain partial private key extract algorithm in certificateless Public key cryptography?

Related to the algorithms of certificate-less Signature approach of Al-Riyami and Paterson… Why is there a need for a "partial private key extract algorithm"? Why should it be needed when ...
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1answer
318 views

Digital Certificate Chain Verification

Does a certificate contain the complete chain of all certificates up to the trusted root certificate, or does the program that verifies certificates have to fetch each parent certificate individually ...
1
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1answer
328 views

How can we get CA's public key?

To get a public key of some organization or someone we want to send an encrypted message to, we need to make a request to CA asking that organization's public key. CA then returns X509 certificate. It ...
1
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1answer
236 views

How do I sign data that's been encrypted using public key? (RSA)

I've received a public key to encrypt my data for the other end to decrypt using their private key. Now, they want us to sign the data as well to ensure non-repudiation. I thought that I should only ...
1
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1answer
289 views

Verification of identity by certification authority

I have question about how a user's identity is verified by a Certification Authority. As I understand it, the process works as follows: User generates his private key and (with the help of private ...
1
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1answer
2k views

How does a client verify a server certificate?

As far as I know, when I request a certificate from Verisign (for example), and after they approved that me is me, they create a certificate (for me) which contains the digital signature and public ...
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0answers
19 views

Compromised Issuing CA [closed]

I'm configuring a PKI infrastructure with an offline root CA and several issuing CAs. Among other topics, I'm struggling to decide how the revokation of an Issuing CA certificate works. My Root CA ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Meaning of Signature hash algorithm field in certificate

I'd like to understand what is the meaning of this field, especially considering that when calling a crypto library to sign data the digest method is specified by the caller. For example, this simple ...
1
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1answer
89 views

x509 Certificate Signature

I've got a question about the signature of a CA. As I understand, the CA takes the public key of the client and signs it with his own private key by using "md5WithRSAEncryption" (like explained here: ...
1
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0answers
315 views

What does “G2” mean when used with X509 certficates and certificate authorities?

For example "Google Internet Authority G2"?. I thought it was another way of specifying Class 2 (for organizations, for which proof of identity is required) but then see certificates such as "VeriSign ...
1
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1answer
80 views

x509 CA trust question

I'm trying to understand the logic of CAs, trust and client certificates. I have a general understanding but am having a tough time bridging some gaps. In a hypothetical situation a software system ...
0
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1answer
159 views

Trying to understand the use of ECC in TLS certificates

I was looking the certificate of this website: https://www.cloudflare.com that has an ECC based certification. I'm just curious to know if is possible to understand which elliptic curve is used and ...
0
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1answer
57 views

What should I think about these unique certificate serial numbers [closed]

I was looking at the serial numbers of the certificates for www.google.com and wordpress.com. Wordpress was listed by openssl as: 04:0B:D4:F8:25:88:C5 This serial is listed as the serial for both ...
0
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1answer
77 views

where should private and public keys be stored? [closed]

I am kind of confused whether should a newly generated key pair be stored in a keystore or in just a normal plain text file? From what I read from online source, there are serveral explainations ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Certificate == signed public key

For primes p and q used to create a keypair, I understand that the following operation is used to create a signature: $M^d (\bmod\ N)$ where d and N have their usual meanings and M is the message. ...
0
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1answer
192 views

I've got my private key compromised. How does CRL work?

How does certificate revocation list (CRL) work? How can I send a request to the CA to add my current private key to the CRL, so no one except me can add my certificate to the CRL? Related: - How can ...