analysing cryptographic algorithms, potentially uncovering weaknesses in them (e.g. "breaking" them or casting doubts on their actual security)

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2answers
331 views

Cryptographic Symmetric Stream Cipher

Let me know a cryptographic symmetric stream cipher system with only two functions say S() and P() and it should satisfy the ...
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1answer
510 views

detecting ROT13/base64 encryption

Is there anyway to detect that a cipher is encrypted with ROT13 Or Base64 without decrypting it using the algorithm and check that the result means (works)? I mean does an algorithm exists that test ...
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1answer
111 views

How does Blowfish avoid successful cryptanalysis? [closed]

I have researched the Blowfish algorithm and am curious as to why there exists no effective cryptanalysis for this algorithm as of yet. What basic principles or features allow Blowfish to achieve ...
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1answer
81 views

A variant of Shamir secret sharing

Suppose implement the Shamir secret sharing as following: we select a degree $d$ polynomial $P$ with a zero coefficient of 0, and all other coefficents selected randomly from $Z_p$; and to this ...
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1answer
104 views

Prime factors of non-random keys

I have been working on a challenge i found on the internet. It is as follows: You've stumbled onto a significant vulnerability in a commonly used cryptographic library. It turns out that the ...
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1answer
162 views

Partially-known-plaintext attack of a stream cipher based on modular arithmetic

I have a function called $F$, using modular arithmetic as does RSA, defined as $$x\mapsto F(x) = g^x\bmod p$$ where $p$ is a 1024-bit prime and $g$ is a generator of $\mathbb Z_p^*$. A secret key $r$ ...
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1answer
57 views

Bicliques for permutations

So I'm trying to understand the complexity of the biclique attack on Grostl and I have some questions: 1) The paper introduces sliced bicliques where on Grostl one constructs a biclique of dimension ...
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1answer
209 views

modfied man in the middle attack diffie hellman

I have been given a problem in preparation for my cryptography final that I'm not sure how to solve. It asks me to suppose a scenario where instead of where an attacker would intercept some message ...
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1answer
366 views

WIN LM Password Hashes (using John the ripper) [closed]

In a problem set, we've been asked to use John The Ripper to crack a list of Win LANMAN passwords. They are of the following form: 953A55E36AB85C0B9DA92C18555E42E1:0169295E0A6A6B35B2DD9932D10C1978 ...
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1answer
243 views

What is the complexity of the Square attack against the reduced 4-rounds 128-bit Rijndael variant?

I'm looking at a square attack against a reduced version of AES-128 with only 4 rounds (with block and key size of each 128 bit). I have a set of 256 plaintext-ciphertext block pairs. What is the ...
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1answer
1k views

AES encryption for images [closed]

Why AES based encryption is not recommended for encrypting images with high redundancy in their content? for example, the encryption of an image which shows a bird in the blue sky. Most of the pixels ...
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1answer
104 views

Generating child keys for a hill climb algorithm

As a little pet project I'm writing some code to do a little cryptanalysis. Starting with something simple I have created a hill climbing algorithm for solving a simple substitution cipher. So I ...
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1answer
113 views

Roots of polynomial in Shamir secret sharing

I need to know whether one can obtain any roots of the polynomial in Shamir secret sharing if he possesses less than threshold shares. For instance in (t,n) if he has t-1 shares can he obtain any ...
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2answers
264 views

RSA decrypting of a huge file by parts [closed]

I need to decrypt a huge file that I own previously encoded by myself with a RSA public key (it's possible for this step using a symmetric algorithm key). Problem is that I can't load it in my ...
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1answer
55 views

find $x$, given $\{c_ix = k_i + y_i\}_{i=[1,n]} $

Given $$c_1x = k_1 + y_1 $$ $$c_2x = k_2 + y_2 $$ $$\vdots $$ $$c_nx = k_n + y_n $$ where the values of $\{c_1 \ldots c_n \}$ and $\{ k_1 \ldots k_n \}$ are known, and $x, \{y_1 \ldots y_n \}$ are ...
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0answers
38 views

RSA OAEP: prevention of partial decryption of ciphertexts

I'm trying to understand RSA encryption (as a beginner in cryptography). go on this wiki page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimal_asymmetric_encryption_padding scroll down to the 2 numbered points: ...
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0answers
71 views

Decrypt with only the cipher file and the key? [on hold]

I got an encrypted file, and I got the key. The only thing I don't know is "how it has been encrypted". The cipher file is "data" type (not readable by a text editor), but the key is a "text". Do ...
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0answers
19 views

Problem description “SAFE” [closed]

So this is the problem, sorry for the bad img quality. The answer which i don't know is 10 chars long. And there are thease 3 safe knobs with numbers inside them. I have been trying to solve it,yet ...
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0answers
47 views

Should I study advanced abstract algebra and more than elementary number theory to pursue a career in cryptography? [on hold]

Do I need to study advanced abstract algebra and more than elementary number theory in order to pursue a career in cryptography ? I've already taken a course in abstract algebra, but I'm wondering ...
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0answers
67 views

Decrypting A Cipher Text without knowing the key or plaintext

i'm new to cryptography and i am doing a research based on cryptanalysis of vigenere cipher. If i have a ciphertext which is encrypted using vigenere cipher, is it possible for me to decrypt the ...
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0answers
40 views

How can I calculate the size of an encryption key?

I have encryption algorithm that has two variables are used as encryption key. How can I calculate the size of the encryption key. I will show an example of what the variables can be: ...
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0answers
18 views

The number of surviving key after “Meet in the middle stage” in 3-subset MITM attack

In 3-subset Meet in the middle attack, how can we calculate the number of surviving key after meet in the middle stage? and how can we calculate the complexity of Key testing stage? I have read about ...
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0answers
54 views

Need help solving a shift cipher problem?

A three letter alphabet {a, b, c} has probabilities p(a) = .5 and p(b) = p(c) = .25. A shift cipher is applied to pairs of letters. More precisely: plaintexts consist of two-letter sequences of ...
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0answers
26 views

impersonating attack against a protocol

recently I'm reading Efficient eCK-secure Authenticated Key Exchange Protocols in the Standard Model, and I sense that the scheme in the following(the reader can refer to the paper for details) is ...
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0answers
226 views

Blum-Blum-Shub Cryptosystem

I am given $N$, which is Bob's encryption key. I was able to successfully factor $N$ into $N=p*q$. Alice encrypts a messages for bob and sends $a = [1,1,1,0,0,0,1,0,1,1,0,...]$ $b = 1545164156...$ ...
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0answers
233 views

How good is the RandomPool generator in Crypto++ library?

How good is the RandomPool generator in Crypto++ library? I never heard of it before… I wonder if there is a Fortuna C implementation that I could use in an Objective-C project. Also: How secure is ...
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0answers
49 views

Merkle–Damgård transform: necessity of the Length block [duplicate]

The Merkle–Damgård transform append the message length (in blocks) to the message itself and then computing the 'chained hash' algorithm. Does the last block (which contains the length of the ...
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0answers
64 views

Strength of Combining Hash functions [duplicate]

If I combine two hash functions, what will the impact on the strength of the resulting function. If I combine in following way: H1*H2 (multiply) H1 + H2 (concat) H1 Xor H2 H1 (H2) EDIT: Lets say H1 ...
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2answers
304 views

Shamir Secret sharing - Can share generator keep x values secret?

I'm wondering, in Shamir secret sharing, can generator of the shares, keep the x values which are used in evaluating the polynomial to obtain y values (i.e., the shares) secret, and whenever the ...
-1
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1answer
199 views

Is it possible to find plaintext from ciphertext if (n) and (a) are known for RSA?

I have a couple of questions pertaining to a RSA problem. I need to decipher some ciphertext and find out what the original plaintext was. Modulus: $n = 2537$ and exponent: $a = 11$ Encrypting ...
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1answer
186 views

cryptography and use of python programming language [closed]

why is it recommended to write cryptography programs ,for example crypt-analysis projects with python programming language? what is the advantages of python? why not use c or any other language?
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1answer
141 views

Hash Based Encryption (fast & simple), how well would this compare to AES? [duplicate]

First of all, I know it's a very bad idea to invent your own encryption algorithm. It's better to use existing known, trusted, extensively tested and studied algorithms with a proven track record. The ...
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1answer
135 views

How do I cryptanalyze a password field?

In a PostgreSQL database, I can see the following fields in a table (for a specific record): User = administrator Password = "ceMv9Me6go" Now the following are true: The password length is not ...
-1
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1answer
153 views

Reverse engineering a single checksum byte [closed]

I am working to understand a system which saves a few bytes of data together with what appears to be a single checksum byte that provides a very naive guarantee that the data has not been tampered ...
-1
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1answer
122 views

How to determine which type of crypto is used in a text file? [closed]

is there a tool or a way to determine which type of crypto is used in this type of text: ...
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0answers
32 views

A proof exercise in the <<Intrduction To Modern Cryptography>>

I'm learning the book by myself. I have thought this exercise for few days.But I still don't get the way to proof it. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.
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3answers
1k views

How can I find the prime numbers used in RSA?

I got this question in a local hacking event, but I couldn't solve it. Problem Statement ---- Continuing their snooping habit, NSA kept bugging Alice's communication. Resorting to the age old ...
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1answer
761 views

How to hack the new save encryption on ipad for uplink? [closed]

The new iPad version of Uplink appears to be using some newer saving mechanic than the PC/Mac version. Macs and PCs use the REDSHIRT format, but the iPad appears to instead be using ...
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1answer
85 views

Which causes longer “break” time (in general)?

In general (if possible to determine) which would make an output harder to turn into plain text with a computer? Extreme Length (minor complexity change) Extreme algorithmic complexity (minor length ...
-3
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2answers
858 views

finding collision for truncated SHA1 hash output

Suppose we truncate only 40 bits of sha1 hash output.hence it is insecure.how can we find two message as input which gives first 40 bits of hash as same value i.e we have to find collision for first ...
-3
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1answer
134 views

ASCII Message in TV show? [closed]

So I was watching a popular series tonight (Person Of Interest) when suddenly during a frame change I noticed a very quick blue screen with writing. At the time I never thought anything of it as it ...
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2answers
201 views

Any techniques for evading frequency based crypt analysis without encrypting?

Are there any general techniques for evading frequency based crypt analysis without using any encryption techniques?
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1answer
156 views

Can someone tell if my Hand Cipher is secure? [closed]

In easy steps, this is how it works: Convert txt to numbers. mod 1-26. Generate random numbers (by my other cipher) equal to plain txt. Write random numbers under txt numbers. Like this: ...
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4answers
462 views

Found a way to crack AES-128, what now?

I have just found a way to crack AES-128 in a reasonable time (1-2 days). How do I publish and prove this? I remember reading about lots of people who cracked DES and other ciphers but how did they ...