Analysis of individual security aspects of a cipher or algorithm, not the security of a cipher or algorithm in general (which would lean towards “algorithm-design”).

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2
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0answers
489 views

Example of second preimage attack [closed]

Please, I'm trying to understand second-preimage attacks on cryptographic hash functions. I understand the definition well: given a message and it's hash, an attacker finds another message which ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

How has the “power” of cryptography evolved from its beginnings till today? [closed]

I'm looking for a historical overview for the change in cryptographic power, which I hereby define as How far state-of-the-art cryptography is ahead of state-of-the-art cryptanalysis. In other ...
14
votes
8answers
4k views

RSA with small exponents?

Just to establish notation with respect to the RSA protocol, let $n = pq$ be the product of two large primes and let $e$ and $d$ be the public and private exponents, respectively ($e$ is the inverse ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Can a properly implemented ed25519 private key with public underlying data be cracked?

If the underlying data is public albeit hashed with SHA-512, does that make a difference on the strength of ed25519? Please quantify the extent. Can ed25519 be cracked after a certain amount of ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Should tweak be unique per message?

Since tweaks are like IV,Salt for block cipher inputs . Should they be unique for each message ? If they are to be unique per message then what is the advantage of giving tweak directly into the ...
5
votes
5answers
520 views

Is there a technique to confirm that a given large integer value is a product of two primes?

Given a list of 2048 bit integer values in which one or few 2048 bit integer values may be product of two prime numbers and other values may be just 2048 bit odd integers numbers. My question is - ...
-1
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1answer
163 views

How to determine which type of crypto is used in a text file? [closed]

is there a tool or a way to determine which type of crypto is used in this type of text: ...
6
votes
2answers
354 views

Cryptanalysis and weaknesses of SEED cipher

I've discovered that a client has SEED enabled in their SSL ciphers, and would like to know a bit more about it from a security perspective. The Wikipedia article doesn't mention any flaws, yet I've ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

How would using only one s-box affect security of Blowfish?

Schneier says: Fewer and smaller S-boxes. It may be possible to reduce the number of S-boxes from four to one. Additionally, it may be possible to overlap entries in a single S-box: entry 0 ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Bicliques for permutations

So I'm trying to understand the complexity of the biclique attack on Grostl and I have some questions: 1) The paper introduces sliced bicliques where on Grostl one constructs a biclique of dimension ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

How can I break this encryption scheme?

Let $p$ be a large public prime. Alice holds a private key $(e_1,d_1) \in Z_{p-1}^*$ such that $e_1 d_1 = 1 \mod {p-1}$. Bob also holds a different private key $(e_2,d_2)$ with the same property. ...
5
votes
2answers
849 views

Hill cipher, unknown letter value

I've been struggling on this problem for a while now : the Hill cipher is well-known to be vulnerable to known-plaintext attack due to its linearity. Given a key matrix $K$ of size $n\times n$, one ...
14
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2answers
640 views

How long would the 100 Year Cryptography Project have secured its data had it been started 100 years ago?

The goal of the Tahoe-LAFS 100 Year Cryptography project is to "enhance Tahoe-LAFS's cryptographic system so that Tahoe shipped today/next year might remain safe from cryptographic attacks for a 100 ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Cracking Stream Cipher

I need to crack a stream cipher. I have a set of plain text and encrypted text pairs. The hint to the question asks me to use entropy analysis and look at the hex dump of the encrypted text. However, ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Is knowing the distribution of input domain only way to do cipher text only attacks?

Imagine there is a $n$ bit block cipher. The attacker has harvested some how all possible $2^n$ cipher texts for some given key. Without the knowledge of the distribution of input domain as in ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

implication of tweak on bruteforcing a block cipher

Consider a KPA attack, where the attacker gets known plain text and the corresponding cipher text. Since the encryption algorithm is known, he can brute force all possibilities of key bits. What is ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

Predicting Java's PRNG using partial output

I have a program (a game) that uses Java's nextInt function with parameter 0x10000 to get a random 16-bit number. Java's ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Secret key model for a compression function cryptanalysis?

How do we analyze the security of a compression function in the secret key model? More formally, let $H$ be a hash function and $F(IV,M)$ its compression function. Suppose we generate a MAC as ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Decrypting files with an unknown method but a known result

I am assuming there is a very simple way of working this out by brute force, but I am not sure if there is a better way. I have a file of data that I wish to get (my data, generated by a machine). ...
1
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2answers
159 views

Cryptanalysis of an certain algorithm

Is an attacker of an cryptographic algorithm allowed to change order of sub-keys but not changing their number in attack? Would it be called an attack on broken algorithm of cipher?
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3answers
2k views

How can I find the prime numbers used in RSA?

I got this question in a local hacking event, but I couldn't solve it. Problem Statement ---- Continuing their snooping habit, NSA kept bugging Alice's communication. Resorting to the age old ...
2
votes
1answer
363 views

How much does a successful Distinguishing Attack “break” the attacked stream cipher?

I started reading about the most recent cryptanalysis of RC4 and it's variants. One of the papers I just finished reading ("Two Linear Distinguishing Attacks on VMPC and RC4A and Weakness of RC4 ...
2
votes
2answers
252 views

Impact of distinguishing between random text and cipher text?

In theory, distinguishing cipher text from random text is considered insecure for any PRP algorithm. Say for example - due to Patarin's proof with about six rounds of Feistel Network - the attacker ...
1
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1answer
5k views

How can i predict the next number of a long sequence of seemingly random numbers? [closed]

How can I accurately predict the next random number between 1 and 999, given past results. I have no knowledge of the PRNG or algorithm used. How can I predict the next number of a long sequence of ...
13
votes
1answer
535 views

Do recent announcements about solving the DLP in $GF(2^{6120})$ apply to schemes proposed for cryptographic use?

A recent paper by Göloğlu, Granger, McGuire, and Zumbrägel: Solving a 6120-bit DLP on a Desktop Computer seems to "demonstrate a practical DLP break in the finite field of $2^{6120}$ elements, using ...
1
vote
2answers
340 views

Brute force a ciphered message? [closed]

I wrote my own cipher to encrypt messages. I would like to test a sample ciphered message to see how strong it is. Are there any tools for such task either in Windows or Linux ?
1
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1answer
103 views

Why is the security of block cipher not a function of key and tweak?

The proofs and security of block ciphers constructed especially of Luby Rackoff Constructions and Feistel Networks is based on the number of queries and round functions. The security measure is always ...
6
votes
1answer
279 views

RSA exhibits symmetrical properties — is it possible to form a cryptanalytic attack?

This question is broken into two sections really: Symmetry in RSA I have been analyzing raw RSA and I have noticed some interesting symmetrical properties of the algorithm. Assume that $M$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Can I use the cipher text ouput of only one DES rotation as plaintext to check validity?

I have made a python code for one DES rotation. Can I use the resulting cipher text as a plain text for the same rotation with the same key? I think the answer is no, I can't do so. But I need to be ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Can you help me understand the Common Modulus Attack in a Lucas Group?

I'm trying to decrypt a message that is encrypted using a LUC encryption scheme and running into roadblocks. I know that with RSA if Alice and Bob use the same public modulus but different encryption ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

What's the alternative should PKI collapse?

Premises - please check it and critique if necessary: If factoring the products of large numbers suddenly becomes simple, PKI goes up in smoke. Is this correct? If it is correct, it seems to me ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Is there a name for this 'enhanced' caeser shift and if so, is it trivial to break?

This cipher shifts the letter that it will shift to, after each shift... I used to play with this when I was a kid. I was thinking about it recently and realized that it wasn't as simple as I ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Decryption or attacking DES encrypted file

I have a file that has been encrypted using DES and am looking to decrypt and find a secret message encoded. All I have is the file which is full of binary data. There is no key or anything else which ...
5
votes
2answers
969 views

DES — Can I recover the key when I have both ciphertext and the plaintext?

Given a message and DES encrypted form of said message, is it possible to efficiently compute the key used to encrypt the data?
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votes
1answer
136 views

How do I cryptanalyze a password field?

In a PostgreSQL database, I can see the following fields in a table (for a specific record): User = administrator Password = "ceMv9Me6go" Now the following are true: The password length is not ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

differential and linear cryptanalysis

I have been reading about differential and linear cryptanalysis. They were mainly introduced by Adi Shamir and Biham to show weakness of DES. However, many of articles state that they have been ...
3
votes
2answers
341 views

Can you help with that definition for a CCA?

The following is a definition taken from Introduction to Modern Cryptography by Katz and Lindell. I'm having a hard time understanding some basic concepts! Can you please help me? ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Can you help me with this DES variant analysis?

I'm struggling with some DES variant that I got as an exercise (exercise taken from Katz-Lindell Ex5.14). The variant is as follows: The left half of the master key is used to derive all the ...
0
votes
2answers
270 views

Why are these techniques not feasible to crack RSA?

For $d = e^{-1} \mod \phi(n)$ $$d\cdot e \operatorname{mod} \phi(n)=1$$ $$d = (e^{-1} \operatorname{mod} \phi(n))$$ With having $e$ and $n$, we can calculate the value of $d$ , the private key for ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

How do we arrive to the equation for solving D in RSA?

We have been shown that DE is congruent to 1 mod phi(n). How do we arrive to the real equation for figuring out d that is d = e^-1 mod phi(n). I want to know the entire process. I am just curious, ...
1
vote
0answers
357 views

Is there any analysis of freebsd's “geli” encrypted geometry provider?

I've done a few obvious searches on google and google scholar and not turned up any security analysis of FreeBSD's geli. Is there some out there, or has it gone unanalyzed since its introduction ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Publicly exposed hash of private key

Would exposing a cryptographic hash function's digest (e.g. SHA-3) of RSA private key data compromise the key? If so, what are the possible (cryptanalysis-) vectors for attacking the key if an ...
2
votes
3answers
308 views

Is it possible to attack RSA with a WalkSat derivative?

We consider a large $n$-bit number $N$. We want to find a factor, if it admits any. For $m$ taking values from $1$ to $n$, perform the following three steps (actually, for each $m$, perform many ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

Help me about Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

Suppose $E_k$$(a, b, c)$ is encryption of values $a, b$ and $c$ with key $k$ through encryption algorithm AES (AES-128) and each $a, b$ and $c$ are 300 bits integer values. Also Suppose this ...
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0answers
57 views

AES and Known-plaintext attack [duplicate]

Can you help me to finding some papers that shows AES is secure against known-plaintext attack?
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Is encrypting a public key with a symmetric key safe?

Assume the sender wants to share their ephemeral/long-term public key with intended receiver only and both share symmetric key. Is it secure to encrypt the (full/partial) public key (of RSA, ECC) ...
5
votes
1answer
820 views

Can cryptocurrency mining devices be used for cryptanalysis?

In the past year or so we have seen production of ASIC devices designed for mining of cryptocurrencies. These devices can perform SHA256 hashing at rates much higher than was seen in the past and are ...
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0answers
40 views

Computing A, B given A+K and B+K [duplicate]

In his writeup of the Solitaire keystream generator algorithm, Bruce Schneier warns not to use the same key for two different messages: The first rule of an output-feedback mode stream cipher, any ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Applying differential cryptanalysis to ciphers with addition mod $2^{32}$

I am studying differential analysis and have a question. Consider the following simple cipher: $$c_1 = S(m_1 \oplus k_1) \oplus k_2$$ (Plaintext $m_1$ xor with key $K_1$, then result goes into an ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Has threefish successfully been attacked (practically or theoretically)?

Reading Schneier's "The Doghouse: Crypteto" dated September 30, 2009, I noticed Bruce Schneier stating: Threefish, the block cipher inside Skein, encrypts data at 7.6 clock cycles/byte with a ...