A cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator is a pseudo-random number generator with properties that make it suitable for use in cryptography.

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Using Stream Cipher as CSPRNG

Are there any guidelines or justification for converting a stream cipher algorithm for use as a CSPRNG? For instance, lets say I wanted to convert one of the eStream portfolio Profile 1 (software) ...
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Why are Fortuna entropy pools reset after a reseed?

I've implemented LibTomCrypt's version of fortuna and am wondering about the pool resetting after a reseed. In fortuna.c in libtomcrypt we have the following (which is that part that adds the entropy ...
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Is it possible to determine or estimate the period for Blum-Micali PRG?

The Blum-Micali is a cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator. The construction (from wikipedia): Let $p$ be an odd prime, and let $g$ be a primitive root modulo $p$. Let $x_0$ be a ...
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Why does Fortuna RNG use double SHA-256?

In the paper for Fortuna the authors say that you can use any good digest algorithm (obviously as long as its output is 256 bit) and then they recommend double SHA-256. Why? What's the benefit? What ...
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Detecting steganography in the stream of short messages

I have stream of millions of short n-bit (n<30) messages generated by some random number generator. The source of random number generator is not available to me. I suspect there are messages used ...
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Practical (and secure) PRGs

Does anyone know if there exists a PRG construction which takes as input an (RSA-sized) integer seed and outputs a fixed number of bits? There are number-theoretic PRGs such as the RSA, ...
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Perfect Secrecy -> One Time Semantic Security -> Secure PRG

I think I have some sense of what Perfect Security means, and even Semantic Security, but I am struggling with randomness, so I'm going to ask a question about CSPRG's (Cryptographically Secure PRG's) ...
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Can a LFSR be cryptographically secure?

I have been looking at an embedded microcontroller which has a cryptographic hardware engine (in particular the PIC32MZ family). These devices have what they advertise as a cryptographically secure ...
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Shared secret: Generating Random Permutation

-- or: How to Play Poker Without a Dealer I know this question is long but it's a really interesting theoretical problem about shared secrets and multi-party computation. General Problem: "Shared ...
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Random Number Generation with a Entropy pool versus Seed

To give a little background I'm currently implementing a crypto library in JavaScript. I have started porting across Linux's random number generator because its both publicly scrutinized, it is ...
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What is the difference between CSPRNG and PRNG?

Is there performance differential between them? For example: we use PRNG for key generation which is very expensive and CSPRNG for IV/nonce in block ciphers which is fast? What is the difference ...
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Is a Mersenne-twister cryptographically secure if I truncate the output?

I want to create an online roulette game. Is it OK if the PRNG is seeded only once, when the user starts the game, or is it recommended to re-seed sometimes during game? Maybe just seeded once a day ...
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Enhance CSPRNG output [duplicate]

If I XOR the output from 2 CSPRNG will the result be better (more random) than the output from either one? Assume one of the PRNG is biased.
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IV's from Crypto++ AutoSeededRNG always ends the same: Problem with the PRNG?

I am using a AutoSeededRNG from Crypto++ to generate IVs for use in CBC encryption. I am encoding the IVs using Base64 for future use (decryption). I notice that ...
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How good is the RandomPool generator in Crypto++ library?

How good is the RandomPool generator in Crypto++ library? I never heard of it beforeā€¦ I wonder if there is a Fortuna C implementation that I could use in an Objective-C project. Also: How secure is ...
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Are there any Javascript CSPRNGs?

I'm writing some software that requires the use of a CSPRNG with javascript for use in the browser and I'm wondering what libraries are available. Crypto-js doesn't seem to have a CSPRNG I can ...
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Definition of a CSPRNG

I am interested in what conditions are necessary and sufficient to define a cryptographically secure pseudo-random number generator (CSPRNG). Wikipedia lists two defining characteristics: It ...
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How can I prove/disprove that a construction yields a secure PRG?

Let $G:\{0,1\}^{*} \mapsto \{0,1\}^{*}$ be a secure PRG. Prove or disprove that the following construction also yields a secure PRG. $$G'(k) = G(k||0),$$ where $||$ denotes the concatenation of two ...
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Estimating random number entropy for input into 256 bit hash

Assuming a random number generation process outputs lots of numbers between 0-9. First I gathered up a bunch of the numbers, converted them to binary and created a bitmap. Not so random as you can ...
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How to prove the security of the PRNG?

Are there any realties tests or criterias that prove the security of the PRNG? What kind of tests or criteria?
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Extracting only the entropy

(I cleaned up the question a bit, It was previously titled "extracting entropy without hashing" .. thus some of the comments / answers) I'd like to extract the entropy of data without injecting ...
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How much entropy is lost via hashing when you add known or low entropy data?

(I updated the title, as I think there was some confusion as to the question) Here's the question: For example, if I have a bit stream that is 64K bytes long and there is about 16 *8 bits worth of ...
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Using SHA3 as an entropy pool

Has any work been done on analyzing the SHA3 sponge construction for use as an entropy pool (e.g. /dev/random)? All the use cases I've heard of consts of a ...
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What stops the Multiply-With-Carry Random Number Generator from being a Cryptographically Secure Pseudo-Random Number Generator?

Despite the fact that Marsaglia's MWC PRNG (multiply-with-carry random number generator) is considered to be "the mother of all RNGs", it does not seem to be considered to be a CSPRNG ...