Encoding is the act of transforming information from one form to another. In cryptography, encoding is typically used to refer to an unkeyed process that does not provide any security in itself, but just changes the representation of information into a more convenient form.

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Do I need to worry about timing attacks in Base64 encoding/decoding of private keys?

Do I need to worry about timing attacks in Base64 encoding/decoding of private keys? This is a common operation (ex. PEM keys) and is variable time in typical implementations.
7
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3answers
188 views

Encryption-then-encode or encode-then-encryption?

I have this question in which I m struggling. I have read in many sites about encrypt-then-mac etc. If the confidentiality for transmission is needed, discuss the feature for the order of encryption ...
6
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1answer
5k views

Can I remove newlines in a public key?

Can I remove new lines from the RSA public key file to get a one line string? So the question is if the key looks like this AAA BBB CCC or ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I test my encryption? (absolute amateur)

I am a hobby programmer with a background in biology and have developed an encryption program based on DNA. I tried to make it hard to crack, but it's essentially a substitution cipher and uses the ...
5
votes
2answers
750 views

Would it be better to split a file and then encrypt, or vice versa?

Assuming that you are paranoid before storing your file (distributed across a shared location), which will be the best case scenario: splitting the file first and then encrypting or encrypting first ...
4
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4answers
623 views

Are specially designed fonts sometimes used in cryptography?

As a font designer, I was thinking that it would be very easy to design a special font that could either jumble characters of a language (or of a code) or simply (with the features offered by the OTF ...
4
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2answers
94 views

Is there a practical security difference between OTP with letters and OTP with numbers?

Is there a practical security difference between “OTP with letters” and “OTP with numbers”? If, for example, I encrypt a letter message using Tabula Recta with a random letter key, I would get: <...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

How secure is this use of Ziv-Lempel encoding?

I'm reading patent application US 20120278897 A1 — “System and method of sort-order preserving tokenization”. Near the bottom they describe their token generation algorithm, which basically involves ...
4
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0answers
58 views

Numeric base conversion in cryptosystems?

I have been wondering if numeric base conversion has ever found an application in cryptography. By base conversion, an example that is probably familiar is Base64 encoding. This is an example of ...
3
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3answers
700 views

How to perform frequency analysis of a substitution cipher using a Base64 alphabet

Let's imagine a cipher that works like the following: Plaintext is encoded to Base64. The characters in the encoded plaintext are substituted with a randomly shuffled character set(A-z, 0-9, -, _, =)...
3
votes
2answers
517 views

Solving Quadratic equations in Galois Field (2^163)

Hello I am working on implementing a message to elliptic curve point mapping hardware circuit I have done some research and found out the koblitz mapping method: I will be using a field of binary ...
3
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1answer
52 views

What do the last chunks of the output string of Scrypt contain?

When you use scrypt to hash a string, it will generate something like: ...
2
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4answers
2k views

Is there an existing cryptography algorithm / method that both encrypts AND compresses text?

So I'm trying to find a method of encryption that not only obfuscates text, but also compresses the result. For example, if I encrypted ninechars, the ideal result ...
2
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1answer
439 views

Koblitz encoding a message to a point, what is the “associated auxiliary base parameter”?

I am looking at the Koblitz method for encoding a message as an elliptic curve point. The first step given in the paper I'm reading is: "Choose an elliptic curve and its associated auxiliary base ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Infer encoding mechanism from $n$-grams distance?

I have a series of obfuscated strings which across the set of strings have regions of high variance and regions of low variance – implying some encoding mechanism as opposed to an encryption procedure ...
1
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1answer
507 views

Decoding base64 encoded message with a key

I am pentesting a database that where I found data which was base64 encoded. I tried the usual method of decoding base64, which didn't work. Later, I found in ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Encoding a message to a point of curve y^2=x^3+7 and Bitcoin Core

Where should I look at in Bitcoin Core source code to figure out how the signature process trasform a message in a curve point? To sign a transaction (message) in Bitcoin system, you need to encode ...
1
vote
4answers
111 views

Is this an effective obfuscation technique?

Long ago I created a simple program which obfuscated a file by taking the first byte, then XORing it with the second, taking the (original) 2nd byte and X-ORing with the 3rd, etc, down the line. The ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Huffman coding is a prefix code, proof [closed]

How would you prove that Huffman coding $C$ is a prefix code, i.e $$\forall x,y \in C,\ \forall z \in \lbrace 0,1\rbrace^*,\ x\not=y||z$$ Using induction according to the number of items to code? ...
1
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1answer
204 views

How to determine the RSA Private key size from the Public.key file?

Question: How to determine the RSA Private key size from the Public.key file? Just roughly, how big it could be? ...
1
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1answer
70 views

How to calculate secret key size of a CP-ABE scheme

How can I calculate the real size of key in a CP-ABE scheme. For example, I have this GSWV scheme: Fuchun Guo, Willy Susilo, Duncan Wong, Vijay Varadharajan: CP-ABE with constant-size keys for ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

What are coding schemes for timing channels

I know we can hide information in the inter-packet delays, e.g. we can generate a code-book that each code-word corresponds to a message and is generated by realization of a specific random process. ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

Weird base64-like (?) encoding [closed]

I have some encoded strings which are probably encoded in a base64-variant - except that there aren't only 64 chars, but all the (printable) ASCII chars between 33 and 126 (0x21 to 0x7E). I've ...
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0answers
214 views

Is there specific name for simple XOR with ADD/SUB encoding?

Several years ago a group of malware authors began using code like this: for (j = 0; j < length; j++) ptr[j] = (ptr[j] ^ VALUEA) - VALUEB; for encoding, and ...
1
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0answers
55 views

How to securely map an element from an smaller domain to the other element in a large domain

Problem: I have a small sized domain, say s-bit. It's clear that the probability for an adversary to guess an element is $ \frac{1}{2^s}$. I need to make the probability negligible. However, I need to ...
0
votes
3answers
133 views

Algorithms for Cyrillic encryption

I am working on a cryptography application which is to be used in my country. I tried looking up to see if there are any algorithms that support the Cyrillic alphabet, but I found none. Do you know of ...
0
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4answers
46 views

Is XORing a random stream of bytes a secure way to obscure a file?

Long ago I created a very simple program that used the C library's rand method to generate bytes to XOR with the bytes of a file. This was a reversible (just run it through again) method to make a ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Is “6 bit packed ASCII” an effective encoding to obscure text data?

I wrote a routine for a former employer that took the low six bits of ASCII text and "compressed" by cramming the bits together, so that 4 bytes reduced to 3. This had the advantage of automatically ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Do RSA keys contain a checksum mechanism? [duplicate]

I'm new to cryptography, and I was making an experiment a few minutes ago, but I want to have some deeper knowledge about RSA public and private keys. I have a set of keys One begins with ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How to encode a message to MD5?

I have faced a problem to understand MD5 algorithm.My question is weather the original input message is converted to binary value in MD5 before using the input message as parameter in four Feistel ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Decoding base64 with key [on hold]

I'm working on a program that scrapes video URLs from a website. The URLs seem to be coded in base64. Here's an example: ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How do Raptor (Fountain codes) encoding and decoding work? [on hold]

As described in this article, a Raptor code is a fountain code that encodes a message of $k$ symbols into a limitless sequence of encoding symbols, such that knowledge of any $k$ or more encoding ...
0
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0answers
31 views

What is the best approaches to find the type of a Cipher / Encryption? [duplicate]

There are many known and unknown encoding and encryption types / algorithms. When the algorithm is known, then at least it gives some direction or approach on what to do next to obtain the plaintext ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Encoding issue - PKCS#11 CKM_RSA_PKCS wrapping unwrapping EME-PKCS1-v1_5

I am trying to figure out why I am not able to get compatible format of EME-PKCS1-v1_5 3DES key encrypted by public RSA key. I need to send to a third party 3DES key encrypted using their public RSA ...
0
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0answers
12 views

A standard for multi-key provider encrypted data?

I'm looking for a standard that standardizes data encryption with multiple and diverse key sources to represent a heterogene access structure and culture. The standard must offer the following ...
-1
votes
1answer
174 views

Base64 for a hash algorithm [closed]

May be a silly question, but I am really curious. If a hash algorithm uses Base64 in the process of hashing a string for example, it is still considered a hash algorithm, even though it uses an ...
-1
votes
1answer
215 views

Reversing a Psuedo Crytographic Hash [closed]

I'm trying to get a better understanding of cryptographic hashing. Take the example transformation function below, is it possible to reverse this formula to solve/isolate for message[i]? ...
-1
votes
0answers
275 views

Approaches to decoding data of an unknown type [closed]

This is a high level question. One area of computer science that I'm working on getting better at is encoding and decoding data. My background is that of a self-taught web engineer who is trying to ...