Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher into ciphertext to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key. Decryption is the process of transforming that ciphertext back into plaintext, using the key.

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Is Attribute based encryption sub-class of Identity based encryption

I have a basic question related to Identity and Attribute based encryption. Construction of IBE scheme was first shown by Boneh et al. in 2001 and I think in 2004 Sahai and Waters introduced ...
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77 views

Homomorphic encryption based on XOR

Consider the values a and b are encrypted as c1=(a XOR D )and c2=(b XOR D), my question is that can we derive b+a from any combination of c1 and c2 ? Note: (1) I admit that the D should have not been ...
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1answer
25 views

Use encrypted private keys for login operation? [on hold]

I am trying to develop an application in which I want to do the following things: First I want to generate private keys using DSA algorithm and stored in a file in encrypted form using some key. To ...
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0answers
68 views

Encrypted database: how to deal with general queries?

My question is quite related to the concept of homomorphic encryption, which is not practical at all nowadays. In short, I would like to know how to query encrypted databases. Simple queries which ...
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3answers
758 views

Is there benefit to signing unencrypted emails?

I came to this article from another comment on Crypto StackExchange. After reading it, I am wondering if there is any benefit to using a digital signature on unencrypted S/MIME emails?
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1answer
51 views

Calculate the avalanche effect

I need to solve this problem, however, I didn't get the concept right. Is it I need to sum up all bits to get the total avalanche effect? eg. (1x8bits) + (5x8bits)... until I get the total for its ...
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0answers
89 views

Slow encryption from length N to length 2N? [on hold]

How can one reversibly encrypt a $n$-bit message (plaintext) to a $2n$-bit message (ciphertext) without collisions, and s.t. each $2n$-bit message is meaningful, i.e. can be uniquely traced back to ...
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54 views

Don't Understand these Parameters

I don't understand section 3 of the paper Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the Integers. How can one calculate these paramters and make these equations in pictures into code?
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2answers
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What is “msg = group.random(GT)” in Charm encryption schemes?

In many encryption schemes in Charm the random group message is used instead of a text-message: msg = group.random(GT) For example, in CP-ABE scheme, random ...
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2answers
135 views

Strategy to crack a presumed substitution cipher

The ciphertext given is: ejitp spawa qleji taiul rtwll rflrl laoat wsqqj atgac kthls iraoa twlpl qjatw jufrh lhuts qataq itats aittk stqfj cae I've done ...
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32 views

Working out an Algorithm [closed]

I'm trying to learn a little about encryption. Someone gave me a challenge to decrypt a message in some encrypted text. This is the information they gave Encrypted Text ...
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1answer
80 views

simple encryption scheme turns out to be “somewhat homomorphic”

In the paper Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the Integers in the introduction: How do I calculate $r$ and $q$ of this equation in the picture? $r \approx 2^{\sqrt{\eta}}$ and $q \approx ...
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1answer
108 views

Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the Integers - perform an operation on an encrypted data

In Fully Homomorphic Encryption scheme represented here Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the Integers In the Evaluate process (see section “3.1 The Construction” of the paper): $$Evaluate(pk, C, c1, ...
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23 views

What kind of encoding is used in these strings? [closed]

I think this is the BASE64 encoding but decoding by BASE64 returns meaningless chars. Help me to decode this. The value must be 3-digit numbers. Thanks in advance. AAABBXCXMQAAAAAFCZcxAAAAAAA= ...
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0answers
28 views

How to get PrivateKey from byte[] [closed]

I have a PrivateKey in byte[] format. (Which is internally read from .key file) Now I am trying to get PrivateKey from the byte[] using "EC" algorithm My code snippet: ...
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2answers
72 views

Random vs. Fixed Paddings

Is there any consensus (i.e. are there any research results) on the benefits and drawbacks of various padding schemes? Generally there seem to be two kinds of them: random paddings, like ISO10126 ...
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1answer
27 views

For calculating the index of coincidence for each sequence

I was learning about the finding the key length reading the following web site... http://practicalcryptography.com/cryptanalysis/stochastic-searching/cryptanalysis-vigenere-cipher/ and I really don't ...
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1answer
65 views

DES Encryption Algorithm all 64 bits for key instead of 56 bits

Would a DES algorithm that uses all 64 bits for the key instead of just the 56 bits be more secure? I have been thinking about it but those 8 bits used for parity are very useful and but including ...
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42 views

exchanging private key between service and iPhone app - digital signing

I need to do digital signing of my request data which will be sent to the server. My server sends distinct private keys to her clients after authentication and expects all responses to be digitally ...
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61 views

Encryption with data loss protection [closed]

Is there an existing format out there that not only encrypts data but also protects against loss of data much like the QR codes can lose up to 33% of it's bits and the message is still recoverable. I ...
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0answers
62 views

fuzzy commitment implemenation to make secure biometric template

I want implement some ideas from an article that is about making secure biometric templates using fuzzy commitment and fuzzy vault. I need to implement just the fuzzy commitment (fuzzy commitment is a ...
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0answers
29 views

Ciphertext-only cyptanalytic attack agianst the affine cipher? [duplicate]

Can you think of a ciphertext-only cyptanalytic attack agianst the affine cipher? Please explain step by step how it would work if possible.
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1answer
107 views

Efficient AES - Use of T-tables

I'm really in trouble! I'm trying to understand how the T-tables in AES encryption work. But I don't know if I get the point. What I understood is that they are used to reduce the whole computation of ...
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2answers
46 views

Are password salts equivalent to keystream?

I am new to cryptography so my apologies for asking such a basic question. I was reading up on keystream when I came upon the definition of it: A keystream is a stream of random or pseudorandom ...
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1answer
135 views

Is appending the hash of the plaintext to the end of an encrypted message sufficient to ensure integrity?

Is appending the hash of the plaintext to the end of an encrypted message sufficient to ensure integrity? My reasoning is that the attacker doesn't know all the plaintext, so by having a hash, the ...
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1answer
43 views

RSA-KEM construction

"Create a random key for CCPA2 scheme, encrypt m, send it along with a PK encryption of the symmetric key. " Say in the process, the KDF is HMAC, then: get a random key (128-bit) C1 = encrypt ...
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1answer
75 views

Last Round in DES

I am studying DES for my Cryptoexam .As far as I understood , the initial plaintext is permuted and then the left half is called L0 and Right half is called R0. After that for each round the process ...
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1answer
45 views

Data I/O operations for encrypted files

I need to implement a simple approach on a Linux system to encrypt/decrypt data and I would appreciate any feedback from you. Basically, I need to change a bit the behavior of the functions ...
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can Cocks-Pinch method apply to dual system encryption (HIBE and IBE) [closed]

can Cocks-Pinch method apply to dual system encryption (HIBE and IBE) Cocks-Pinch method build under composite order and Dual system encryption HIBE and HIBE also contructing using Lewko-Waters ...
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53 views

Managing data permissions/access through asymmetric cryptography

I want to manage authorization, as 3rd-party permissions, through asymmetric cryptography. I'm concerned about how is it possible to share access of encrypted data with N entities, and be able to ...
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1answer
94 views

Secure Deduplication and Encryption in a data store

Assume: We have a centralized data store that can store whatever we need Every user is online Function $f : File \to Key$ gets access to the store, and is the same for all users. $g : Key \to File$ ...
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1answer
118 views

Can Bitcoin HD public keys be used for symmetric encryption?

I asked this at bitcoin.stackexchange.com first, but it seems that this is more of a crypto-question anyway. I'm interested in using a Hierarchical Deterministic Bitcoin wallet branch as a "shared ...
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1answer
235 views

Can all asymmetric key pairs be reversed?

After reading about public/private key cryptography, there are still a few points I don't really understand. Based on the way (I understand) challenges work, the public key is used to encrypt a ...
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1answer
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Which causes longer “break” time (in general)?

In general (if possible to determine) which would make an output harder to turn into plain text with a computer? Extreme Length (minor complexity change) Extreme algorithmic complexity (minor length ...
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1answer
62 views

GPG & Mcrypt - difference?

in short I'm learning GUI programming in python and thought it could be interesting to make a small GUI for symmetric encryption. Not being mad/mathematical/experienced (take your pick) enough to try ...
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160 views

How are secure hashing and encryption algorithms proven?

Given that: You should always use proven secure hashing and encryption algorithms, rather than attempting to write your own. What's the process for criteria for an algorithm being proven? Is ...
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1answer
82 views

Encryption method with master key and user keys

I am working on a concept for a game that in the end will allow data sharing via plain text, but I would like to give the user the option of encrypting the data so that other players cannot modify it, ...
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2answers
208 views

Rely on NSA Suite B Cryptography?

NSA's Suite B Cryptography suggests some cryptographic algorithms for encryption, digital signatures, message digests and key agreements. The selected algorithms and their key size are suggested by ...
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3answers
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Advantages of 64-bit CPU smartphone

Advantages of having a 64-bit CPU vs 32-Bit CPU smartphone … 3. Complex Encryption. Improved Security: 64-Bit can process incredibly large numbers allowing you to better encrypt data against ...
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5answers
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Why can't you decrypt an encrypted message with just the public key? [duplicate]

How does asymmetric crypto work? For example, if you use PGP in emails, you generate a private key that is known only to you and a public key, which is available to everyone. Is there a simple way ...
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1answer
81 views

Is there an encryption that is only reversible with a key?

I'm thinking about man-in-the-middle attacks during a website login, and started wondering about reversible encryption. What I'm imagining is an encryption that takes input ...
3
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2answers
190 views

Security issues of a MAC-then-Encrypt-then-MAC approach?

Encrypt-then-MAC does provide ciphertext integrity, but no plaintext integrity. With MAC-then-Encrypt it’s the other way around: Plaintext integrity but no ciphertext integrity. What comes to mind is ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Verification of signed message with encryption

I have a question about the message that is being encrypted and signed. Say, two users called Tom and Mary, both have a pair of private key and public key. Tom sends a message through a system that ...
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1answer
120 views

Is it insecure to encrypt the wrong plaintext?

Most plaintext must be fed as a string or a binary object to be encrypted. However, it's often possible to mis-decode the plaintext before encrypting it. i.e. If it's received as a string in JSON, ...
4
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1answer
200 views

What characters are valid in PGP encrypted and signed messages?

What characters may be present in a PGP encrypted message or a PGP signature? For example, do encrypted messages only use the Roman alphabet + some numbers and symbols? Can the character set be ...
2
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1answer
102 views

How to only encrypt a subset of the plaintext

I was wondering if there is a smart way for a user to only encrypt a subset of a plaintext. I'll try to be more specific. Let's suppose the user U wants to use a special cipher such that given a ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Composing and Inverting Symmetric Encryption Keys

Using a symmetric encryption algorithm $E$ on a message $M$, users usually send $E(M)$ to the recipient and then the recipient will compute $E^{-1}(E(M))=M$ to retrieve the message. For what symmetric ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Encrypted files in an encrypted partition or folder

Recently I started wondering about multiple encryption and found pages upon pages of posts and debates about the security of cascades. Now, don’t worry – I'm not looking for someone to discuss a ...
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1answer
138 views

Known plaintext attack on ElGamal encryption

Assume that Alice uses Bob’s ElGamal public key ( = 2, Yb = 8) to send two messages $M = 17$ and $M' = 37$ using the same random integer $k = 9$. Eve intercepts the ciphertext and somehow she finds ...
2
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1answer
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Probability that two different files can have same MD5 hash for both an unencrypted and encrypted version (AES256, same key between files)

This math is way over my head, and don't even know if it can be done, but here are the assumptions: Take unencrypted File [Fu] of variable length, but assume 100KB as an example. Let File [Fe] be ...