Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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How can encryption involve randomness?

If an encryption algorithm is meant to convert a string to another string which can then be decrypted back to the original, how could this process involve any randomness? Surely it has to be ...
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After implementing a novel encryption algorithm, how would one go about analyzing its security or get help from others in doing so?

Preface: This question was originally asked on Theoretical Computer Science and later on Computer Science. The kind people on cstheory.SE referred me to this web site. It is being repeated here in an ...
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537 views

What is the time complexity of the RC4 encryption & decryption algorithms?

I'm trying to figure out what the time complexity of RC4 encryption & decryption algorithms is, in big-O-notation.
6
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2answers
634 views

Hash decrypts key, key decrypts cipher… why?

I noticed recently that a couple of pieces of encryption software (TrueCrypt being one of them) don't directly use a hash of the password as the key for the block cipher. Instead, they generate a ...
4
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1answer
275 views

Is it secure to use the hash of key as the IV in AES encryption?

I need to store some sensitive data for a program. For each copy of the program, there will be a unique key for encrypting one (and only one) file using AES encryption (OFB). The key will not be ...
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2answers
90 views

Encrypting documents through a proxy key

Suppose I'm developing an app to secure a lot of documents. These documents were encrypted (say, using AES) with a key X. This key X is basically the password that the user enters before wanting to ...
4
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1answer
503 views

Does the Biclique attack on AES pose a credible risk to its security?

I have heard a lot about the biclique cryptanalysis research on AES, which as far as I know is the closest anyone has got to breaking AES. Exactly how close did they get? Does this attack propose a ...
3
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1answer
502 views

Advanced Encryption Standard Algorithm Secret Key

just a follow up question with this question.. How does the key schedule of Rijndael looks for keysizes other than 128 bit? A 256-bit key can still encrypt a block of plaintext in 128 bit? but in ...
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8answers
593 views

Does a public key absolutely need to be used to initiate an encrypted session?

I am a software developer working on an application with the .NET platform. This application needs to provide a secure connection and encrypt all data between the client and the server. It is a ...
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1answer
365 views

ECIES protocol - what does the || operation mean?

I am studying elliptic curves problems, which also includes study of related protocols such as ECIES. A there is a problem I don't understand operation $||$. What this operation mean? Some stuff is ...
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1answer
185 views

NTRUEncrypt - Choose the initial random polynomial

I'm trying to implement NTRUEncrypt but encounter some problems. I've finished all the basic functions that are needed for the scheme base on this Document, but I can't find an algorithm to check the ...
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3answers
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Encryption with “constant” initialization vector considered harmful

I try to get the full reasoning behind the above statement. First, after reading articles here and at wikipedia i understand that using an IV only once is good practice. For stream ciphers not doing ...
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1answer
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How does one implement the Inverse of AES' MixColumns

I got an answer in the related question about Mixcolumn for encryption, but how about decryption? what will I do? Because it said that I will used this: During decryption the Mix Column the ...
5
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2answers
480 views

Practical necessity of semantic security under chosen plain text attack (CPA) in CBC mode

I was not able to understand why we practically need a CPA security in Cipher Block Chaining. (which insist on having a random IV), let say if the encryption is not CPA secure i.e , the adversary can ...
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3answers
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How does the key schedule of Rijndael looks for keysizes other than 128 bit?

It said in Wikipedia that: [....] Rijndael can be specified with block and key sizes in any multiple of 32 bits, with a minimum of 128 bits. The blocksize has a maximum of 256 bits, but the ...
6
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1answer
650 views

What causes first block of AES decryption to be garbled, even with correct IV?

I am attempting to duplicate wireshark's packet capture decryption for a TLS HTTP session, where I control the private key of the server. The cipher suite number is 0x00002f, TLS_RSA_AES_128_CBC_SHA ...
7
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1answer
426 views

CBC key lifetime, or, “how big is too big?”

IPSec recommends rekeying SA's figuring in both time and amount of data sent. Even when using AES-256 in CBC mode, the key and IV commonly get re-negotiated after 100MB. My case isn't using IPSec, ...
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1answer
1k views

How to sign a message using RSA?

Assuming I already have a D, P, Q, etc of an RSA key: How do I now sign a message? If it matters – the message is around 100 bits. I don't know much about cryptography, but I can get these numbers ...
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1answer
262 views

Is it safe to encrypt a public key alongside a message with AES?

If I have a message M and a public key P, and I encrypt them alongside one another: CIPHER = AES(M + P, aes_key) Is CIPHER now weakened if someone knows what P ...
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1answer
167 views

ID-Secret Scheme

I have an ID-Secret scheme and I'd like to hear if there are any vulnerabilities present. Party 1 and Party 2 hold some credentials, an ID and a Secret. Party 1 Creates this message: ...
3
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2answers
1k views

How can I do a brute force (ciphertext only) attack on an CBC-encrypted message?

Given a CBC ciphertext and IV, how can I find the encryption key? We are limited with an 8 chars key, each char in the range of [a..h], so I can generate every possible key (these are only $8^8 = ...
2
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2answers
305 views

Simple xor cipher extension

Probably the simplest cipher is the xor cipher with a single integer. One can extend this to use more than one integer by several means. I'm wondering if there is any benefit to doing more than this: ...
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Can RSA encryption produce collisions?

In RSA, a message is encrypted by $m^e \pmod N$. $N$ is the modulus, $m$ is the message and $e$ is the public exponent. (I know that $m$ should not be greater than $N$.) My question is, can $m^e$ be ...
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2answers
253 views

One-way function and factoring

I am confused about the hardness of the one-way function behind cryptography -- if someone could factor the large number produced back into two primes quickly then the one-way function would be ...
2
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3answers
386 views

Trying to find a different DES encryption system explanation

I need a mathematical explanation of what does the DES encryption system really do. This means I need more explanation than the one that offers FIPS, which is more an explanation for computer ...
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1answer
2k views

Big-O Notation: Encryption Algorithms

I am currently completing a dissertation concerning the encryption of data through a variety of cryptographic algorithms. I have spent much time reading journals and papers but as yet have been ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the difference between CBC and GCM mode?

I am trying to learn more about GCM mode and how it differs between CBC. I already know that GCM provides a MAC which is used for message authentication. From what I have read, and seen code ...
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3answers
676 views

Crypto-Compression Algorithms?

I was wondering, whether there exist such algorithms/enciphering procedures which both compress and encrypt the input data. That means, for starters, the output will be both smaller in size and ...
5
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1answer
325 views

Sites to find crypto intermediate values

Does anyone know of any sites where intermediate values of multiple crypto algorithms (not just the famous ones), including hashes, can be found? I don't just mean intermediate values of encrypting. ...
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1answer
267 views

Which encodings have |encoding key| >> |decoding key|?

I'm looking for an encoding scheme that requires a very large encoding key E (>10MB) and suffices with a relatively small decoding key ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Educational videos for security topics [closed]

Is there anything like the famous "sorting out sorting" video in cryptography/security. I am looking for some nice videos that explaines SSL, SET, IPSec, PGP, S/MIME ....
4
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1answer
124 views

If plaintext is random, how does it affect my choice of encryption algorithm?

I want to encrypt a key file, which is assumed to be truly random (generated with hardware RNG, for instance). Given that there are no patterns in the plaintext, what implications are there for my ...
4
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1answer
244 views

Why does RSA give better security on longer messages?

I am trying to understand the notion of RSA security. Choosing a public exponent where $e = 3$ facilitates the calculations, considering that it is secure if the plaintext or message is long. If the ...
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MD5 encryption in Windows batch script [closed]

I am making a script in Windows batch to have a registration and login system that stores the passwords in a SQL database using SQLite. I need a command line MD5 encryption program to encrypt the ...
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2answers
235 views

Seeking special-use fingerprinting/hashing algorithm

For a project I wonder if there exists some kind of fixed-size checksumming/fingerprinting function in which based on this fingerprint given data block 1, it is easy to generate more data blocks that ...
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2answers
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What advantage does facebook's new encrypted access_token have?

When a user on facebook grants an app access to their account, an API key is issued to the app. This key is app and user-specific. This process is described in Facebook's developer documentation. ...
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1answer
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Sending KCV (key check value) with cipher text

I was wondering why it is not more common to send the KCV of a secret key together with the cipher text. I see many systems that send cipher text and properly prepend the IV to e.g. a CBC mode ...
2
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2answers
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How can I store a combination of multiple pass phrases?

Let's assume we have 2 phrases, one is the real password from a user, and the other is generated from the real password and almost impossible to guess. You would need both to authenticate a user. What ...
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2answers
565 views

Passwords with same SALT. What does this mean?

If the same SALT is used for many passwords on a Linux server, in what way is that a security risk? Does the mean, that a user (which can change his own password) can calculate other users passwords? ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How does PBKDF1 work?

I need some basic guideline on Password Based Key Derivation Function. PBKDF1 generates a key from password and salt using Hashing algorithm (like SHA1, SHA256, MD5). What is the step behind this?
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1answer
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Secure way to transfer data over NFC?

I am currently writing a payment system to accept payment details from an NFC enabled smartphone (BlackBerry 9900) to a Windows client (C#.NET) I am currently having two issues relating to security: ...
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suggestions for cryptography projects for an ece 3rd year student

I am an electronics and communication engg student currently doing my 3rd year second semester. i am interested in info coding and the security aspects of it. As an ECE student i want to know what is ...
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626 views

Can md5 be used for encrypting data?

I know that md5 shouldn't be used for password hashing because of collisions and possibility of making dictionary attacks e.g. using rainbow tables. But what about ...
6
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1answer
3k views

How do I correctly derive a Key and IV?

Mainly I'm trying to understand how to correctly create the Key and IV for use with the .NET Implementation of AES (AesManaged class). This encryption code will be used in conjunction with existing ...
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0answers
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Two untrusted party want to exchange data: how to ensure each one gets the data it needs? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Two untrusted party want to exchange data: how to insure each one gets the data it needs? I am trying to come up with what could maybe be a novel algorithm for an ...
6
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2answers
415 views

Is it possible to create an easy to use encryption/decryption method that will never be comprimised?

In the comments of the question "Why programming languages don't provide simple encryption methods?" the following statement was made: A well thought out, tested and understood standard that has ...
2
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2answers
236 views

AESManaged Trade Compliance Issue in United States

I am currently using AESManaged encryption for my silverlight application. Does AESManaged encryption have a severe trade compliance issue in Bureau of Industry and Security in terms of shipping the ...
28
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3answers
7k views

How can I use asymmetric encryption, such as RSA, to encrypt an arbitrary length of plaintext?

RSA is not designed to be used on long blocks of plaintext like a block cipher, but I need to use it to send a large message. How can I do this?
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1answer
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How can I make my cipher show the avalanche effect?

I am a beginner in cryptography. I designed an password based encryption-decryption algorithm, which uses a random salt and a password to encrypt a message. I'm using SHA-512 for hashing, matrix ...
8
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4answers
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Can I determine if a user has the wrong symmetric encryption key?

We're using the Objectivity/DB object database with a custom encryption plugin that encrypts serialized objects on disk. Encryption uses AES with a shared secret key held by all users. I would like to ...