Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher into ciphertext to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key. Decryption is the process of transforming that ciphertext back into plaintext, using the key.

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Constructing a block-cipher from a hash function

It is possible to use a hash function to construct a block cipher with a structure similar to DES? Because a hash function is one way and a block cipher must be reversible (to decrypt), how is it ...
5
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0answers
107 views

Homogenous and heterogeneous Unbalanced Feistel Networks

Unbalanced Feistel networks can be homogenous (F-function identical in each round), or they can be heterogeneous (F-function not always identical in each round). The advantage of heterogeneous UFNs ...
7
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5answers
258 views

Does frequent key change weaken encryption?

Following scenario: We are using OTR for communication between Alice and Bob which means after each successfull message exchange a re-keying happens for both parties leading to new AES-keys for the ...
8
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5answers
288 views

Which cryptography technique does not increase the size of the plain data?

I want to encrypt some data(text/voice/video) but it is essential that the size of the cipher data remains the same as the plain data. Which techniques can I use, and how secure are these techniques ...
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0answers
3 views

Difference between pgp keys format? [migrated]

I am willing to spend some amount of time developing yet another license manager for desktop Java application. After some looking around I discovered JCPUID by Iakin that is free to use and should ...
4
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1answer
128 views

Full encryption of IDs, partial decryption with customer specific key

I am looking for a "partial" encryption/decryption algorithm. Let's say I am encrypting the following List of IDs (long values) $[1,2,3,4]$ (with a secret key) to an encrypted string $e$, I would ...
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2answers
134 views

Recommendation for lightweight algorithm for partial message encryption

I have designed a specific client and server program, which sends a file from client to server in 32k chunks. I want to encrypt only part of the data. More specifically: in each 32k chunk passing ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Encryption that could have multiple decryption key

The title looks strange but it is to deal with this situation. The data we have should only be accessible by our end user and data administrators, not anyone else. Ideally, each user should have ...
3
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1answer
43 views

How to correctly encrypt data with proper authentication using AES-256-CBC in php?

I have been using the openssl function for encrypting data with AES-256-CBC in php. I have been able to encrypt it using an unique IV (by generating with openssl_random_pseudo_bytes)for each new ...
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0answers
36 views

Can blockchain be used in a comparable way to an encrypted SQLite database?

Further to a previous question of mine regarding multiple encryption levels in a SQLite database, I was asking whether it's possible for different users are able to decrypt only records of the ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Using e-ID Number for Encryption and Digital Signing

I want to use e-ID number for performing Encryption/Decryption and Digital Signing - and in order to do so, I've opted a PGP-oriented approach which goes a bit like this. Generating PGP key-pair ...
1
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0answers
19 views

If you use an AES key just once, do you need to use IV, and/or pad the message? [duplicate]

I am developing an application that is going to use AES encryption. Since it is going to use a different key for every message encrypted... Would it be secure to use a constant IV? (i.e null bytes) ...
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1answer
43 views

Understanding the cryptography used in a file [closed]

I use a software that stores a raw binary file with information, and exports it to a text file. I have access to the data in the original binary file. You can find a sample of the contents of the raw ...
5
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1answer
108 views

Encryption scheme like RSA where encryption is the inverse of decryption

In RSA, it is basically equivalent to use the private key $d$ to encrypt as it is to use the public key $e$ to encrypt. They are exactly inverses: $e=d^{-1}$. I need to know, are there other public ...
0
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0answers
5 views

User key User Certificates [migrated]

Why would I find these in someone's security settings? I was going through my moms phone when I noticed some type of encrypted certificate. Figured out one of the two passwords required for access. ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Non-numeric Diffie-Hellman?

It may seem that this is a programming question, but I just need advice on the cryptography side of the question. I want to implement the Diffie-Hellman key exchange algorithm on iOS (since no free ...
1
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1answer
41 views

XOR or add in one time pads? [duplicate]

Is there any difference in adding the plain text and key vs using xor instead(apart from the performance improvements)?
3
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1answer
381 views

Should AES.decrypt(ct, wrong_key) return blank or wrong result?

I am trying to use AES as cipher for an application I am building. I am using a JavaScript library (https://code.google.com/p/crypto-js/) to perform encryption and decryption with AES. When I ...
3
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1answer
46 views

4 x E = D in Simplified AES how it's possible ??

Can anyone explain how it's possible through hexadecimal or Binary 4 x E= D
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4answers
105 views

Is it safe to use XOR to encrypt data key using master key

I am implementing a hierarchical key system with a randomly generated master key and many randomly generated data keys that should be encrypted using the master key. I am wondering what the best way ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Which ciphers produce random ciphertext?

I already know AES produces a "random" output. 5e4e6440826d6afc4535fbf078455f791159701a9df624ddd4e4dda84523b6a7 Its ciphertext doesn't follow a pattern and is ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Why gcd(r,(p-1)/r) needs to be 1 in benaloh cryptosystem

I recently discovered the benaloh cryptosystem. I am working with the system as it is discribed in the following link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benaloh_cryptosystem However I need some help in ...
10
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8answers
2k views

Are there any advantages in using proprietary encryption?

Proprietary software generally relies on the fact that in keeping the encryption algorithm private, it gets an extra layer of security implying "Security through Obscurity." Obviously this phrase has ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Can somebody help me understand RC4 Spritz? (Three Questions)

So ever since I first took a stab at understanding stream Ciphers, not one stood out more than RC4, because it's so fantastically simple. As most people reading this will know, with its fantastic ...
4
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2answers
7k views

Twofish vs. Serpent vs. AES (or a combo)

I've seen some posts and info online, but they are from 2009, 2010, 2011 or 2012, which is 3-6 years ago, which is a very long time. So I'm looking for an up-to-date answer about which of these is the ...
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0answers
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Are all points in a cyclic group in ECC pre-calculated?

I think I now understand the majority of the ECC protocols, however I'm slightly unclear on some of the finer details? So we need the cyclic group formed by the generator point, but this is a very ...
3
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2answers
367 views

Re-using parts of a one time pad to encrypt a new one?

The main problem with OTP's is the fact that they can only be used once. Would it be possible to use a random number that's, say, 512 digits, then use 256 of those for the (non-random) message, the ...
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1answer
193 views

Should I use RSA encryption since RSA is said to be broken by NSA? [closed]

I am developing a simple web app that uses asymmetric encryption, but I am not sure whether to chose RSA for the reasons mentioned above. What are your suggestions? Also if I decided to go with RSA ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Can a book cipher be cracked without key?

Book cipher works this way : Choose a reference book. For each word find its position in the book. replace each word by its coordinates (ie: 2,3,4 = page 2, 3rd line, 4th word). How would ...
5
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1answer
231 views

Affine Cipher over an Affine cipher

I would like to know your view about the title, encrypting a plain text with an affine cipher then encrypting that ciphertext once more using the same cipher, but of course different keys. Would it be ...
6
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1answer
77 views

Generating a key to use with AES

I'm going paperless, and I want to encrypt the documents that I scan. I'd like to use CommonCrypto to perform AES-XTS encryption on each file. I'm a software engineer, and I like the idea of being ...
4
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2answers
795 views

Efficient AES - Use of T-tables

I'm really in trouble! I'm trying to understand how the T-tables in AES encryption work. But I don't know if I get the point. What I understood is that they are used to reduce the whole computation of ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Does a “commutative” asymmetric system exist?

Completely crypto noob here. I'm looking for a cryptosystem made of a func f + key1 + key2 such that they satisfy: g(f(msg, key1),key2)=msg g(f(msg, key2),key1)=msg key1 != key2 Does such a ...
3
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1answer
143 views

Can I decrypt the message having it encrypted with different keys?

I have some encrypted binary data I want to decrypt. I know nothing about it, but I can get it encrypted with as many different (random, unknown) symmetric keys as I want. The keys are long enough to ...
6
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2answers
341 views

Need for salt with IV

I have mainly referred to this question http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1949640/does-iv-work-like-salt . Definitely in case of using a salt, IV has a use of adding randomisation to each and every ...
3
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1answer
172 views

Detecting steganography in the stream of short messages

I have stream of millions of short n-bit (n<30) messages generated by some random number generator. The source of random number generator is not available to me. I suspect there are messages used ...
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0answers
37 views

PBC library: group of composite order for pairing operation

How to generate composite order group using PBC library? With PBC library, element_init_G1(g,pairing) statement creates element $g$ for group of prime order. I want ...
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0answers
59 views

Encryption used in a commercial software product [closed]

I found (through some reverse-engineering) that the following encryption scheme is used in a commercial software that is quite widely used in Germany (Security by obscurity at its best). I have the ...
11
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4answers
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Any practical uses of machine learning for cryptography?

I am about to go study for my masters in machine learning, data mining and high performance computing, but have recently become very interested in cryptography after taking Dan Boneh's Cryptography ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Proven secure scheme under random oracle

Currently I am trying to understand random oracle model in order to make a small presentation about it but I seem to be very confused about it. Since it's an hypothetical model without a real life ...
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2answers
166 views

Is there an algorithm to hide text in another text, while preserving the meaning of the latter?

Is there a way to hide a text message $A$ inside another text $B$ using a cryptographic cipher/algorithm, while preserving the sense/meaning of $B$ and without anybody being able to notice there is a ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Which algorithm would be ideal for ephermal key generation followed by DH key exchange?

Bob and Alice, both generate a temporary public key pair each using X algorithm on their individual PC. After being authenticated by a third party, they use the DHE to come to get a common symmetric ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

A simple block cipher based on the SHA-256 hash function [duplicate]

I've come up with this little routine for doing encryption using the SHA-2 (in this case SHA-256) hash function. As such it is a block cipher with a 256 bit (32 byte) block size and an arbitrary key ...
4
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2answers
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Do we have anyway of knowing if avoiding self-permutation in RC4 makes it any stronger?

OK, so lots of questions get asked about RC4 but I want to make mine specific and hopefully answerable. RC4 Design as I'm sure anyone reading this knows, uses self permutation in stage 1 of the KSA. ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Construct IND-CPA secure encryption scheme by combining two given schemes

I have two encryption schemes $\Pi_0, \Pi_1$, at least one of them is IND-CPA secure but I don't know which one. The task is to construct a scheme $\Pi$ that is guaranteed to be CPA secure and to ...
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0answers
57 views

What can I do to improve my encyption method [closed]

I'm new to cryptography and I want to learn more. For me, the best way to learn about something that I have no experience with is to experiment and I've coded a very basic approach to a simple ...
3
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2answers
130 views

Proof that a hash matches an encrypted file

Assume that Alice has a file $F$ which she is going to send, in encrypted form to Bob. Alice possesses $F$ and an encryption key $K$. She sends to Bob the encryption of $F$ using $K$, $E(F,K)$ as ...
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1answer
25 views

Creating a custom 2 way encryption class [closed]

I am trying to make a simple 2 way encryption function that currently uses a substitute cipher for the encryption and an inverse substitution for the decryption. I want to move away from this ...
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1answer
50 views

How to calculate d in RSA for my number with this [duplicate]

I took the p&q value as 61 & 53 and n=3233 e=17 d=? How to find it? Plz help me...
4
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1answer
38 views

What is the difference between MACTripleDES and TripleDES?

I was asked to encrypt/decrypt a string using MACTripleDES. Is there any difference between MACTripleDES and TripleDES? If, where exactly is the difference between both?