Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher into ciphertext to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key. Decryption is the process of transforming that ciphertext back into plaintext, using the key.

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Rotate values in predefined manner

I want to create a Server S1, that publish a different value every 10 minutes on the internet. The value looks something like f7826da6-4fa2-4e98-8024-bc5b71e0893e. ...
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Deciphering and encrypting using Vigenére square for kids?

Is Vigenére cipher the most basic form of enrypting or is there another simpler way? I'd like to expose my niece to it.
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27 views

MAC is constructed by hashing and then encrypting

Suppose the MAC is constructed by hashing and then encrypting, that is $MAC(m, k2)=E_{k2}(H(m))$ where H is a public hash function. There can be several alternatives in how the transmitted message is ...
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28 views

What is transaction capacity of a POS using 3DES DUKPT?

I am looking for the transaction capacity of a Point-Of-Sale device using 3DES DUKPT. Once all keys derived from the future key set are exhausted (1M or 500K?), how will the POS be reloaded with a new ...
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1answer
66 views

Key Hierarchy and key Encryption

If i have two 56-bit DES keys, and I use these two key to encrypt a 256-bit AES key. Like this $K_{AT}$ encrypts $K_{BT}$ and $K_{BT}$ encrypts $K$ What is the effective security of key $K$? Is it $...
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101 views

Large Volumes of Asymmetric Encryption

First of all, I apologize in advance if I use any incorrect terminology. I am just getting my feet wet when it comes to cryptography and there is a lot to learn. For the past 12 months we have been ...
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26 views

Concatenated Key Question - Poly-alphabetic Substitution and Columnar Transposition

I am working on a degree module, and have been tasked with designing an Encryption/Decryption algorithm. I hope to receive some help with a couple of questions, if possible. Apologies if terminology ...
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38 views

Is pseudo-random letter insertion secure?

Is pseudo-random letter insertion a secure mechanism? I mean by expanding the key or taking two parameters in the encryption function, you select positions in the text at which to insert random ...
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24 views

Filling in MD5 input variables

I have a majority of an input string(as well as the total length) and the output for an MD5 hash. Is there a way to calculate the remaining input bytes that I am missing?
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23 views

If you receive a message with a digital signature, how do you know what verification key to use and the verification algorithm?

Really, I'm asking how do you know who sent it? My confusion has arisen from the following scenario... Problems with Signing-then-encrypting. If Alice digitally signed some data and then encrypted ...
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30 views

Recryption of ciphertext with a different key

Let's have $P$ some sensitive piece of data and $K_1$a secret value, both known to Alice, but not to Bob. $K_1(P)$ means $P$ encrypted using $K_1$. Alice sends $K_1(P)$ to Bob. Bob keeps the value of ...
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25 views

MISTY1 encryption/ extension tricks

I'm trying to understand MISTY1 encryption algorithm but i faced some problems in key scheduling part : Key scheduling part consists of the following operations. for i = 0, ..., 7 do EK[i] = ...
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20 views

Is there any difference between a one-time pad and a Vigenère cipher with a long key? [duplicate]

I've been browsing Wikipedia and stumbled on the article for the Vigenère cipher. I realized after seeing the example that it's quite similar to the one time pad, except with a short key repeated as ...
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22 views

Confidentiality then Integrity with different keys [duplicate]

Can anyone describe how we can do what is said in the below sentence which is in Mark Stamp crypto slides (PPTX) on slide number 101 : Can do a little better - about 1.5 “encryptions” The whole ...
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11 views

Calculating inverse of transposition key cipher [duplicate]

I need some help on transposition cryptography. If I'm given the encoding key to a transposition cipher, how do I get the decoding key for it? I tried googling but couldn't find any steps on the ...
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40 views

Does encrypting with MGF1/SHA-512/1024-bit seed equal to a 1024-bit key block cipher?

Suppose: Alice uses SHA-512 with MGF1(as in PKCS#1 V2) and a 1024-bit random seed to generate a mask, XORs the mask with a message(M), gets a cipher text (CT), and sends the CT to her old friend ...
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167 views

How easily could this method of cryptography be cracked? [closed]

Background A couple of years back, in my naivety, I dreamt up a method to encrypt information. The result can be seen on my website, I evidentially thought it was pretty neat and I decided to mix it ...
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1answer
50 views

Usage of 3DES for single block

I have a device, HASP, which has functionality to encrypt 8 byte data using 3DES in ECB mode, with three different keys, I am interested how secure is this? I know it might not be most secure, but how ...
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61 views

RSA : Double-Encryption and order of Encryption

I'm studying cryptography and we're looking at RSA. We're required to do a double encryption from Alice to Bob and then Bob back to Alice. We've been told the order of encryption is important and it ...
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57 views

Encrypt/Decrypt cloud passwords with master password

I know it's generally bad to store password in the clouds, and that I should be using salted-hashed password only. I'm making an application that will authenticate a user (with salted-hash), and then ...
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31 views

Ways to identify mystery ciphers with no information but the code itself? [duplicate]

I recently offered to solve a cipher that was sent to my friend because he couldn't. I'm really having issues with the identification, I've tried a simple Caesar shift, and it came back with nothing. ...
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45 views

What are the pre-requisites I need to be able to code Salsa20 in C#?

I've taken a basic course in Cryptography and we've learnt various algorithms and their usage. I've implemented RC4 and Triple DES in C# with ASP.NET. For a project that I am a part of, I need to ...
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29 views

Permuted Hash Table

Suppose we have a hash table, $HT$, consisting of $100$ bins.The hash table uses a hash function $H$ that is public. We all know that given value $a$ we can compute the address in the hash by $H(a)=j$...
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29 views

SET Protocol (SET)

I would like to know if the current SET protocol uses 3DES or AES other than DES and RSA? I have look into many articles but some of them were outdated.
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39 views

When we use permutation and random long sting to hide a message

This question is modified version of this: Can we use merely permutation to hide a message? I have an English name $m=m_1 || m_2 ||..||m_{30}$. I pick a random string $d=d_1 ||..||d_{70}$ I mix ...
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144 views

history of non secret cryptograph

Prior to the discovery of any specific public-key schemes, such as RSA, an existence proof was developed whose purpose was to demonstrate that public-key encryption is possible in theory. Consider ...
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Lightweight Asymmetric encryption algorithm [duplicate]

I'm an embedded systems researcher, and new in crypto field. Actually, I need to know if there are any lightweight asymmetric encryption algorithm especially from time needed for key generation. I ...
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209 views

Sorting over encrypted data with different symmetric keys

I'm working on a security project. I need to perform a sorting on the lists of encrypted integers and strings. The encryption used is symmetric. The clients send the encrypted data in a list to the ...
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42 views

Unbreakable encryption [duplicate]

I am a newbie, I know that I must be wrong, but I need a good explanation. How is it possible to break a cryptographic algorithm created by me, when only I know the algorithm and the key for ...
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31 views

How does ABE decryption works? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand how Attribute Base Encryption (ABE) works. So, after downloading libfenc library from here, I built the source code on Ubuntu 12.04 without any error. Afterward, I tried to ...
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19 views

Encrypted vs unencrypted digital signatures [duplicate]

Is there a difference in terms of security between An encrypted stream of bits obtained by encrypting a plaintext concatenated with it's signature $ C = E_k(plaintext||\sigma)$ where $E$ is a ...
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79 views

How to decrypt RSA cipher text? [closed]

How can I decrypt an RSA cipher text in which I am only provided with a public key and the cipher text. The person who encrypted it made a mistake in taking the exponent.
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52 views

Symmetric encryption with compression for MySQL DB data

I would like to compress data before encrypting and storing it in a MySQL DB to reduce especially bandwith requirements (compression reduces bandwith by 70-80%). At present, all is handled by a server-...
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67 views

Having doubt in Rijndael Algorithm- coding for decryption

I am doing a project on the Rijndael Algorithm. I have already written the encryption code which produces the correct output. Now I want to implement decryption as well. I'm doing using VHDL, ...
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62 views

Need help implementing key management scheme

Scheme has following requirements Client application should perform encryption/decryption using component 1, component 2 and ZPK (zone PIN key. Client should get this key from host in encrypted form)...
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56 views

Detecting Software Changes - Verifying untampered code

This question assumes an environment devoid of any internet connections, the software in questions operates in a non-connected environment on a single machine. I have a piece of software that may be ...
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87 views

public/private key: is it possible to have master public/private key

This may be a very primitive question which might not be possible but I have this question to understand. Assume Yahoo provides a messenger where yahoo users can chat in secure way (end-end ...
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1answer
44 views

What does CA certs contains? public key of site or CA?

I believe it contains public key but whose? the site like a bank or the certificate authority who has signed?
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44 views

Batch ElGamal Scheme

I know about ElGamal scheme and its key generation, encryption, and decryption methods. I'm not sure about what is meant by batch ElGamal. Can someone please clarify it. How it differs from ElGamal ...
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55 views

Blowfish and DES small block size and maximum message size

Would the following affect the maximum message size limititaion of Blowfish and DES due their small 64 bit block size? Let's take Blowfish for example. You take a 256 bit Blowfish key, quickly ...
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27 views

why game based security definiton is used for ID CCA? [duplicate]

I have read many cryptographic encryption. In almost all schemes, security is defined with game based and simulation based definition. Can anybody give me the exact concept behind this game based ...
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29 views

Is it bad practice to use the message digest of the plaintext as the initialization vector? [duplicate]

Data is being encrypted in a database. A message digest is being created for deduplication purposes. Is it ok to use the message digest that will be the key of the table that houses the encrypted ...
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72 views

Is it possible to have E=D and Ke <> Kd?

Let us consider $E$ an encryption algorithm that encrypts a message $m$ into a ciphertext $c$ using a key $K_e$. i.e $c = E(K_e, m)$. Similarly, decryption is achieved by $m = D(K_d, c)$. Is there ...
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Proving an encrypted message contains (but does not 100% consist of) a plain-text message? [duplicate]

I have keypair (u,r), and two pieces of data, X and Y. I reveal X publicly but keep Y secret. Y has high entropy. I then combine X and Y, into c(X,Y) = Z. I encrypt Z, into "encrypt(Z,u) = Q". r ...
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37 views

Is double encryption using AES using different key lengths (128 bit and then 256 bit) vulnerable? [duplicate]

I know that AES 256 bit is far more than enough to secure a file. I just want to know if there are any vulnerabilities or known attacks which can make such this combination less secure "double ...
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22 views

Defining correct secured channel from endpoint to server

I'm new to cryptography and have a question regarding encryption usage. The scenario is as follows: I have an endpoint hardware device (CPU - ARM A7 1.2 ghz) which runs Ubuntu 14.04. This hardware ...
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45 views

Implementation of digit serial rotators for SIMON cipher?

I am working on architecture of SIMON cipher where I have to use either bit serial, parallel or digit serial to implement the algorithm for each round function and also for sub-key generation. So I ...
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how to implement order preserving encryption except cryptdb

Which cryptographic algorithm is suitable for implementing order preserving encryption with out using cryptdb
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41 views

Join Datasets While Protecting Anonymity

I've run into this issue a couple of times in my career. I'll see if I can explain with an example (please ignore the fact that this is implausible in the real-world). Suppose I sell computers, and I ...
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76 views

Can a combination of encryption algorithms weaken the overall encryption?

Are there any instances where a combination of industry standard encryption algorithms can weaken the overall encryption of the data? As a Naive example using non-standard encryption algorithms, ...