The Galois Counter Mode, an authenticated encryption mode of operation for a block cipher.

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3
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174 views

Should I use XTS or GCM to encrypt my hard drives?

I want to start encrypting all of my hard drives, but I don't know whether to choose XTS or GCM mode. Why is it that XTS is recommended (since the most websites I visit use GCM in their HTTPS ...
0
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1answer
45 views

AES GCM encryption, authentication and PBKDF2

I'm developing a kind of secret vault server application. The basic principle is similar to DPAPI where each secret will have its own unique random KEY/IV pair and and that KEY/IV pair will be ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is there a reduction of security if I XOR Pkcs5S2 and SecureRandom?

I'm using this codereview sample to encrypt data. I would like to provide hardware protected encryption and a user password as the key. Is it acceptable to XOR the KDF Pkcs5S2 in Bouncy Castle with a ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

Security of encrypting many short values with AES in GCM mode

We intend to encrypt certain values in a database which holds personal information such as addresses so as to prevent data leakage should the database be compromised. The intention is that each field ...
24
votes
1answer
17k views

What is the difference between CBC and GCM mode?

I am trying to learn more about GCM mode and how it differs between CBC. I already know that GCM provides a MAC which is used for message authentication. From what I have read, and seen code ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

How much does using the same $H$ for all messages weaken GCM?

How much is GCM weakened by using the same MAC key $H = E_K(0^*)$ for all messages that use the same key (which is what GCM actually does) instead of using $E_K(N||0_{32})$ (which is different for ...
2
votes
0answers
178 views

What are the constraints on using GCM with a tag size of 96 and 128 bits

Say we want to use AES (or any other secure 128 bit block cipher) with GCM and a tag size of 96 or 128 bits. I'm assuming an AES key size of 128 bits and an IV size of 96 bits (the default). NIST ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Is OCB the state of the art in authenticated encryption modes of operation for block ciphers?

OCB mode seems to represent the state of the art in authenticated encryption modes, largely due to its speed – it is faster than GCM even when GCM has hardware support. Its only drawbacks seem ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

GCM: use the same key:IV pair to encrypt file and filename

Using Java, I wrote a piece of code that encrypts a given file with AES in GCM mode of operation. So far nothing uncommon. Now I would also like to encrypt the filename, in the following way: ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Parallel file encryption and authentication for large files

For a cloud storage upload client I want to encrypt files during upload, so that they cannot be read by the cloud service provider or anyone who gains access to the account. I would like to use some ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Sodium crypto_aead_aes256gcm_encrypt ciphertext length > plaintext length

Using the crypto_aead_aes256gcm functions from Sodium produces a ciphertext of "at most mlen (plaintext length) + crypto_aead_aes256gcm_ABYTES bytes (16 bytes) are put into c (ciphertext), and the ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Is it acceptable to write the nonce to the encrypted file during AES-256 GCM? [duplicate]

I've used AES-128 in CTR mode in the past and using the same key but different IVs for each file, I wrote the IV to the first 16 bytes. Is it safe to do so with the nonces used in AES-256 GCM? I'm ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Can GCM auth be bitsliced?

Is it possible to use bitslicing for GCM? This seems like a way to allow for a way to avoid cache-timing attacks without PCLMUL instructions and with good performance.
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vote
0answers
45 views

Effect of the birthday bound on AES-GCM

What is the effect of the birthday bound on the security of AES-GCM, when a very large number of messages are encrypted? I am looking for attacks that are useful in obtaining information about the ...
11
votes
3answers
302 views

Plain text size limits for AES-GCM mode just 64GB?

Based on NIST SP 800-38D section 5.2.1.1, it seems that the maximum length of plaintext is 2^39-256 bits ~ 64 GB. We've got 100+GB files in genomics that need to be GCM encrypted so are concerned ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Do Carter–Wegman MACs allow key reuse if the MAC tag is kept secret?

Poly1305 (and GHASH) are secure authenticators, but only for one use. Thus, nonce reuse in Poly1305-AES, ChaCha20-Poly1305, and AES-GCM all reveal the authentication key. However, my understanding ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Is this a better GCM?

Using the keystream from the block cipher for both parts of the GMAC key (initialization and encrypting the auth tag) seems to produce a better mode of operation than GCM, as successful forgeries and ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Are there any test vectors for the CMS content type AuthEnvelopedData (for AES-GCM)?

I am looking for CMS AuthEnvelopedData test vectors for AES-GCM mode. I haven’t seen any ready-to-use test vectors for it. There are test vectors for AES-GCM mode but not for its CMS support. I even ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

AES GCM vs other encryption modes in embedded environment for network traffic

I'm doing a lot of research since I'm doing an internship for a company where I need to upgrade their security level. Their own protocol needs a cryptographic upgrade and I'm leaning towards AES since ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Is the length limit of AES-GCM per key or per (key, nonce) pair?

AES-GCM has a limit on the length of the plaintext it encrypts: $2^{39} - 256$ bits. But is this limit per key or per (key, nonce)? That is, if I encrypt a message with the maximum length, and encrypt ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Randomness and increment of nonce in GCM

2 questions about nonce usage in GCM: Is it safe to use non-random nonce in GCM? Say I use 0x1 for m1, 0x2 for m2, so on. How much should a nonce increased for a file? Say I use 0x1000 as a nonce to ...
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0answers
53 views

AES-GCM Hash sub key parameter in Intel's IPsec library

I am trying to use Intel's optimized AES-128-GCM implementation (from the Intel white paper “Fast Multi-buffer IPsec Implementations on Intel Architecture Processors”, you can find the code here). ...
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vote
2answers
190 views

Is my protocol that uses hybrid cryptography and AES-GCM secure?

I'm having a lot of trouble trying to understand how to implement AES-GCM. My usecase: Person A sent me a file with a gauranteed unique name. I want to be assured it was from person A, and that no ...
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votes
1answer
60 views

programming a sniffer for AES GCM with gcrypt

I want to write a sniffer that can read AES-GCM communication using the gcrypt lib I can see in the manual that for encryption there is an additional 2 methods (for AEAD) but what about decryption ? ...
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0answers
475 views

bank websites using AES_256_CBC vs AES_128_GCM/CBC [duplicate]

Hello i have just recently started learning about cryptography, so i was doing some little research on what kind of encryption techniques and modes that were used in bank web pages. I have noticed ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

How can there be AES-256-GCM, when GCM is defined for 128-sized blocks?

In both node.js and OpenSSL, I am seeing cipher "aes-256-gcm". However, in NIST Special Publication 800-38D, that defines GCM, I am reading: The underlying block cipher shall be approved, the ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Reference AES-NI assembler code for AES-128-GCM? [closed]

I want to implement AES-128-GCM in assembler using Intel AES-NI instructions. I have found reference code in the Intel AES-NI Whitepaper but I don't see code for the GCM mode there (or indeed any use ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Is it an overkill to add external integrity check to the AES-GCM encoding?

There is a java library for android which implements integrity checking to predefined encrypting mode(which can be found here). Short class description from author page to avoid further questions ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Using AWS KMS with AES GCM

I am implementing client-side encryption for data stored in AWS DynamoDB, and was wondering about the correct use of AWS KMS for key management in addition to using AES/GCM. I am using the master key ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Securely generating auth tokens

(Disclaimer: I'm an experienced server-side Java programmer, but with little crypto experience.) Objective: I've got a login server which, given a login+password pair, should issue a unique auth ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

IV larger than block size of cipher?

Is there any advantage to using an IV larger than a cipher's block size? Say I'm using AES-256 in Galois Counter Mode (GCM). My file format looks like this: ...
0
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0answers
9 views

With AES-GCM, can the encrypted and non-encrypted parts be hashed separately? [duplicate]

The hash function in AES-GCM takes encrypted and unencrypted parts. Can the two parts be provided in either order? I'm wondering whether there is any fun with $GF(2^{128})$ that can be done to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does AES-GCM need a hash/MAC in TLS?

"TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256" is just one example for a cipher suite, as far as I'm concerned it means this: It uses the TLS protocol, exchanges keys with Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Why does TLS 1.2 use GCM with additional SHA hash? [duplicate]

I am studying the cipher suites provided by TLS 1.2 and found an interesting question. TLS 1.2 adopts GCM for encryption and SHA256 or SHA384 for hash (e.g. TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256). But, GCM ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Why is GCM only usable for ciphers with a 128-bit block size?

All block cipher modes of operation that I understand are generic schemes. They are not restricted by key size or block size. So why is GCM restricted to 128-bit block size?
5
votes
1answer
632 views

Ciphertext and tag size and IV transmission with AES in GCM mode

I am completely new to using AES in GCM mode of operation, and I have not a very large background in cryptography as well. I have been playing with OpenSSL trying to encrypt and decrypt some messages. ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Obtain 384 bits from a 256bit MasterSecret

I'm currently implementing, with crypto++, and AES tranmsission system, whose key is based on a previous ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Security of authenticated encryption modes GCM & CCM

I have two questions for Clarification for AE mode choice criteria GCM : it appears to be actually the most popular and widely used AE mode of operation. however it is also well-known to be highly ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Can we use the authentication tag as Nonce / IV for the next message?

Let's assume we're in some scenario requiring transfer of large amounts of data. This means we can only use AES-GCM chunk-for-chunk as its maximal size is restricted to a few GiBs. This means we have ...
14
votes
2answers
550 views

Is (AES-)GCM parallelizable?

I recentely faced the issue of random access decryption while AES-GCM was being used. I said this person that the underlying CTR should allow parallelization but I have no idea how authentication ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Can we solve the Hidden Number Problem in $GF(2^n)$?

Is it possible to solve the Hidden Number Problem in extension fields? In particular in $GF(2^n)$? Let's suppose an attacker knows some least/most significant bits of $r_i = a_i \times k$ in a given ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Execution speed of AES_128 GMAC operation

I have read about the speed performance of AES_128_GCM on specific processors Intel and AMD that support AES New Instruction set. As compared with CMAC and HMAC is it relatively slow for other ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

How bad it is using the same IV twice with AES/GCM?

I understand that initialization vectors should not be used twice when using AES/GCM. I am using a counter as initialization vector. Every time I send out a new packet (I am developing an UDP based ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Is there a strong cryptographic reason for GCM's 2^39 - 256 bit limit? [duplicate]

In reading through the original GCM specification (McGrew & Viega '05), the composition of the 128 bit Initialization Vector as a concatenation of a 96b nonce and a 32b unsigned wrapping counter ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

3DES over Galois Counter Mode (GCM) for authenticated encryption

Is it possible to use DES or 3DES over Galois Counter Mode (GCM) to provide authenticated encryption? I haven't seen any implementation yet.
0
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the proper usage of GCM nonce in TLS1.2?

I have written a program with the help of the bouncy castle for C# library. I am monitoring the traffic which is send between the client and the server and found something (i find) strange. The ...
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0answers
32 views

AES_GMAC implementation [closed]

I need to implement AES_GMAC encryption and decryption in c/c++ programming language. For the implementation, I have referred following document: ...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Where is the authentication tag stored in file encrypted using AES-GCM?

So I am using cryptopp to encrypt a file in a project and I am using AES-GCM. I have a 256bit key and a 128bit ivec and a 128bit tag that I use to encrypt files. However, I want to know where the ...
1
vote
3answers
149 views

Salsa20-GCM composition secure?

AES-GCM seems to be used by everyone but I never seen even one post about Salsa20-GCM. Is it secure? Wikipedia mentions that GCM ...
3
votes
2answers
550 views

Is it possible to tweak AES-GCM so that it is satisfactory for whole-disk encryption (like XTS mode)?

Is it possible to leverage a preexisting implementation of AES-GCM to provide the key security benefits essential for full-disk encryption (similar to AES-XTS)? GCM is a popular encryption mode ...