I am working on Intel AES-NI library and since the AES function is coded using low-level assembly instructions. I could not see how the IV or initial counter increases in CTR mode. In general, how ...
I'm designing a protocol for use into a VPN software. The VPN frames are encapsulated into AES-256 CBC encrypted frames. I understand that IVs must be uniquely used for each message encrypted with ...
Why use an Initialization Vector (IV)? How are IV's used? What are the advantages/disadvantages of using an IV? Why use an IV instead of a longer key in which some section of the key is pubic? What ...