In a cryptographic sense, integrity means unimpaired and complete.

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1answer
351 views

Which MACs can be converted into a secure unkeyed hash function?

It is known that setting the secret key to a fixed, public value does not make MACs like CBC-MAC or GMAC into secure unkeyed cryptographic hash functions that could be used - for instance - for ...
6
votes
1answer
613 views

Practical uses of Manipulation Detection Code (MDC) and IGE

I've just skimmed over most of the paper "On Message Integrity in Symmetric Encryption". I've included (the last) part of the abstract below: We show that generic compositions of ...
5
votes
3answers
630 views

Can I jettison MAC if I already have SHA1(M)?

I'm currently using SSL with AES-CBC and HMAC for a file transfer containing string M. Now suppose Alice already knows SHA1(M) (and the adversary does not), and she downloads M from Bob using only ...
5
votes
2answers
224 views

Does data authenticity always, implicitly, provide data integrity?

Does a scheme which provides data authenticity (e.g. HMAC or RSA signature) always implicitly provide integrity? It seems, to me at least, that it must by necessity. However, I have seen ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

The difference between MAC algorithms and what to use

I've been looking into message authentication codes and found several ways to create integrity for a message. I know of the following algorithms: HMAC, this can use any cryptograhpic hash function ...
4
votes
3answers
149 views

Do I need to use AE/AEAD in my particular scenario? Or is it redundant?

This is my scenario: A small structured text message (1-2kB) is to be sent over an insecure channel. Everything except for the header portion (which contains a title, timestamp, category and tags) ...
3
votes
4answers
675 views

Which tamper-protection algorithm provides the shortest output?

Background When making web applications you sometimes need to pass data along with the form which isn't visible to the user. Database IDs are the most common, but texts and IDs are sometimes ...
3
votes
1answer
828 views

CBC-MAC , fixed length, all blocks returned

CBC-MAC, with fixed length message. Is it safe to return all ciphered blocks instead of the last? My intuition says it is less secure, since is gives an attacker more information. But how could one ...
3
votes
2answers
291 views

Security issues of a MAC-then-Encrypt-then-MAC approach?

Encrypt-then-MAC does provide ciphertext integrity, but no plaintext integrity. With MAC-then-Encrypt it’s the other way around: Plaintext integrity but no ciphertext integrity. What comes to mind is ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Is a using salt important when creating a hash data validator?

I am creating a service that will return an set of objects, which will be used by multiple systems. At the end of the process, one (or more) of the objects will be sent back to our system for ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

CBC-MAC key can be added to ciphertext?

I use AES both CBC and CBC-MAC to encrypt some stuff. I generate one key for CBC and one different key for CBC-MAC. Does the second key (for CBC-MAC) need to be secret? How to join such key with the ...
3
votes
1answer
357 views

Advantages/disadvantages of different message numbering schemes

For a stream of packets, where each packet is individually encrypted with a block cipher, it's desirable to have each encrypted packet only valid for that position in the stream. A message number ...
3
votes
4answers
673 views

Signature and Timestamp for Long Term Document Archival Question

I have a PDF document intended for long-term (many years, maybe decades) archival which I would like to digitally sign with my personal certificate to ensure its integrity. As far as I understand, I ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Reordering non-block-aligned parts with DES in ECB mode

I was given a ciphertext file which was encrypted using DES in ECB mode. It is known that the plainttext that was encrypted has the following form: Each line of text consists of a payroll followed ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

Encrypt-then-MAC paradigm

I read that the Encrypt-then-MAC paradigm is provably secure. From what I understand, when using for example AES for encryption and HMAC_SHA256 for MAC generation (and the keys $K_1 \neq K_2$), this ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

How to ensure that a “received value” is not altered?

I have a program (whereby people can download and run on their own computers) that will calculate a couple of unknown values each day. For simplicity sake, let's assume that the calculation is simply ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

RSA key length choice for TLS when confidentiality not important?

I've a couple of questions about this, the scenario is embedding a key pair in a hardware device which will speak with other hardware devices over tls. computing resources are an issue so i want to ...
1
vote
2answers
605 views

Is Common Name encoded in the certificate?

When I make a certificate like so cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/ source ./vars . /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/build-key client1 Then ...
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2answers
131 views

CRC32 vs. low 32 bits of cryptographic hash

I was having a discussion with a colleague yesterday whose education and experience exceeded mine. He said something yesterday that sounded incorrect to me intuitively, but I don't have the knowledge ...
1
vote
1answer
288 views

Does RSA-OEAP have integrity and authenticity properties?

RSA-OAEP is IND-CCA2 secure (indistinguishable under an adaptive chosen ciphertext attack). Does it also have the INT-CTXT (integrity of ciphertext) and INT-PTXT (integrity of plaintext) properties? ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Format preserving encryption FFX

In FFX mode the format of the ciphertext is same as plaintext. How does it ensure data integrity and authentication? Is there any bit flip attack in FFX mode? Is it malleable?
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Ensuring integrity of a client side script

I want a script that is running on the client to compute a collision resistant hash and send it to a server. I need to ensure that the script which performs this hash is not altered in any malicious ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

A way around digital signatures?

Scenario: I have to protect the integrity of some files that will be exchanged between entities $A$, $B$, $C$. Entity $A$ creates the file (e.g. configuration) and sends it to $B$ and $C$. Entities ...
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0answers
42 views

School exercise on untrusted channel comunication [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is H(k||x) not a secure MAC construction? I've the following problem: two parties, A and B, share a secret key Kab. M is a plaintext message, H an unkeyed hash ...
0
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2answers
57 views

Integrity compromised - HASH modified

As we are all aware that HASHing is user to verify integrity in cryptography. I have a query about hashing. Suppose a man in the middle attacker manipulates the data and creates new HASH (by running ...
0
votes
2answers
306 views

Recommended authenticated stream cipher for minimum overhead?

I'm running my TCP/IP protocol secured by encrypting each packet with AES128/CBC, bundling a SHA256 HMAC over that packet. This causes quite a bit of space overhead for small packets, so at first I ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Integrity protection in wireless sensor networks [closed]

I have done a lab about wireless sensor nodes and got in touch with encryption for the very first time. There are some questions on my sheet, especially on integrity protection (the attacker wants to ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Generate random in secure message transfer

I’m doing a school assignment about secure communications between a Server and a Client. Basically, messages are exchanged between the clients and the server and these communications must implement ...
0
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1answer
252 views

Tamper-evident audit logs

I want to be able to detect tampering in a log file that is under the control of an untrusted party. I am not interested in secrecy, only the integrity of the contents in the file - so I want to ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

PKCS#7 signed data structure in signed PDF document

Is it mandatory to include PKCS#7 data (OID 1.2.840.113549.1.7.1) octet string into the sequence of PKCS#7 signed data? I mean if you want to sign PDF, you are basically adding PKCS#7 container ...
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0answers
54 views

About the Security of PCBC Encryption Mode

We are designing an encrypted file system. We plan to use the PCBC (Plaintext Cipher Block Chaining) encryption mode for encryption. This is because we desire the feature ("small changes in the ...
0
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0answers
64 views

chameleon signature vs regular signatures

I am trying to understand the practical usage of sanitizable signatures particularly on Chameleon Hashing and Signatures. Chameleon hash, or trapdoor function allow parties with the knowledge of the ...
0
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0answers
24 views

How to compare security parameters of different schemes (Sign-Encrypt, Encrypt-Sign, etc)? [duplicate]

How can one compare the security parameters (confidentiality, integrity, non repudiation, etc.) for different schemes (Sign-Encrypt, Encrypt-Sign, Sign-Encrypt-Sign, Encrypt-Sign-Encrypt)? Are there ...
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0answers
68 views

Self-Convergent Hashing

What is the name of an algorithm that hashes its result as an embed of larger set of data that results back to the hash? For instance where f(x) is the hashed result and x is the dataset, and ...
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1answer
177 views

PGP message integrity : How can receiver of an email check the integrity using the sender's public key?

PGP message integrity: Basically, only private key can decrypt message encrypted with public key. But in the message integrity service in PGP does the reverse, where the Hash of the message if ...