Key exchange protocols allow two parties to produce a secret session key over a public channel.

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Does IKEv2 protocol have two modes like IKE

IKE Protocol have 2 modes, that modes have different structure. Does IKEv2 protocol have two modes like IKE.
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how much trust can we place in protocol verifiers? [closed]

I read many papers on authenticated key exchange protocols, and most security proofs are done by the authors. In this method, you can imagine that the efficiency is low. Moreover, even if you have ...
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958 views

What key exchange do OpenSSL and CryptoAPI prefer by default?

Here is what I know. When I connect to a brand-new Linux Web server with Chrome and click the "lock" icon, the key exchange algorithm is described as "ECDHE_RSA". (Yes I know what that is.) When I ...
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Key Exchange and anonymity issue

If Alice (sender) sends a private message embedded with public key of the Bob(recipient) through onion network, so in this key exchange, does Bob remains anonymous to Alice as Alice knows about the ...
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44 views

How does BB84 fare against an attacker who can entangle qubits?

Consider the following attack on the BB84 quantum key exchange protocol (as far as I can tell, it should work similarly for E91): After Alice sends her key bits encoded in qubits with randomly chosen ...
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377 views

Forward-secure static-ephemeral ECDH key agreement protocol

The question is whether the following simple key agreement protocol design has good security properties, and how it can or should be improved. Assumptions Alice is a persistent entity with a static ...
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119 views

Implementing AugPAKE over ECC

The AugPAKE spec says it can be implemented over elliptic curves. This sounds very promising, but they don't actually back that claim. Can this really be achieved? If so, how would one go about ...
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192 views

Where does the meaning of reduction to a hard problem lie?

Given you a protocol, if we can reduce breaking the protocol to a hard problem, such as DLP or CDH, then we can say that this protocol is secure. Theoretically speaking, reduction is a good method ...
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301 views

Can you help me understand PFS and wPFS?

Every time I encounter the concepts of PFS (perfect forward secrecy) and wPFS (weak perfect forward secrecy), I feel uncertain about them. My understanding is that: PFS ensures that, if the ...
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315 views

Is this method for exchanging private key using RSA sound?

Bob know's Alice's public key, and he wants to make sure he's connecting to the one which has that key. Furthermore, Alice wants to verify when she gets a connection from Bob who'll give his public ...
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285 views

Ways to protect flash player against MITM diffie hellman

We have a server, which sends content encrypted with AES128 or RC4 to a flash client over an insecure HTTP channel. The encryption key is negotiated using Diffie Hellman. The problem: Diffie ...
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56 views

Design for file transfers to a new party

I'm pondering a problem of how to enable transfers of files from clients to people that does not yet have an application/account/keys yet. Here's my current thought for Alice wanting to send Bob ...
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88 views

J-PAKE : About Schnorr NIZK proof for ephemeral private keys

Reading J-PAKE Authenticated Key Exchange Without PKI document : J-PAKE Round 1 : Alice sends out g^x1 and knowledge proof for x1, e.g : To prove the knowledge of the exponent for X = g^x1 ...
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Authenticated EC key exchange without a signing/signature scheme?

From my little understanding of EC-based authenticated key exchange protocols, I believe that it is not possible for authenticated key exchange without a signing/signature scheme. Is this correct? ...
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485 views

VKO GOST R 34.10-2001 (described in RFC4357), Key Agreement Algorithm. Looking for its implementation/detailed description/examples

VKO GOST R 34.10-2001 was described in RFC4357 Page 7 But the description is very poor. Here it is: This algorithm creates a key encryption key (KEK) using 64 bit UKM, the sender's private key, ...
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139 views

Help to understand the chameleon hash function?

Recently, I'm reading Non-Interactive Key Exchange, in the section 4.2(Towards a factoring-based scheme in the standard model,Page 10), the authors uses $$t\gets ChamH_{hk}(Z||ID;r);\\ Y\gets ...
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127 views

DH key exchange with only one end authenticated

We know there is a man in the middle vulnerability with unauthenticated DH key establishment. And the way to negate that is to use authenticate the keys used. But what if I only verify the signature ...
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166 views

Is there need for message authentication if a public key is transmitted and then used to encrypt a symmetric key?

First I'd like to note that I'm really a beginner at cryptography, and while this interests me and while I have researched it in the past few months, there is still a lot of things that simply aren't ...
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887 views

Burmester-Desmedt (BD) key agreement protocols

How do you perform the Burmester-Desmedt key exchange Protocol, in Diffie-Hellman extension protocol? I've been searching high and low, but couldn't locate an example on how to prove if all the party ...
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314 views

What is “serial concatenation”? [closed]

I have a third-party point-of-sale API (Speedflow Pay-N-Get) that I am trying to communicate with over HTTP, but I have a problem with it. In a nutshell, a request is encrypted using RSA, and the ...
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169 views

using random encrypted RSA challenge as key material

Assume a simple protocol for authentication - one side sends a randomly generated challenge string and encrypts it with RSA. The receiver decrypts it and replies with a hash of the challenge, proving ...
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318 views

is this authenticated key exchange protocol sound? too complicated? obviously flawed?

(significantly reworded this question to fit better into crypto.se). I have static RSA keypairs for both sides and an encrypted transport that needs symmetric keys, and need to exchange session keys. ...
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Is this ECC encryption key sharing method okay?

Is this encryption key sharing okay to use? Or is much better to use ECIES? $G$ = base point $a$ = Alice’s private key $b$ = Bob’s private key $A = aG$ = Alice’s public key $B = bG$ = Bob’s public ...
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How does Bluetooth pairing (SSP with numeric comparison) work?

I have a question concerning the pairing of two Bluetooth devices using Simple Secure Pairing with numeric comparison. The NIST document I am looking at states on page 14: Numeric Comparison was ...
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Choosing between RLWE-KEX methods.

Recently, I've been researching and implementing a bit of post-quantum cryptography, and I came across two RLWE-KEX algorithm for key exchange. The first one, which I implement in my software, is ...
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Hiding the identity of a party within the Kerberos authentication scheme

In the Kerberos authentication protocol, as described here: would it be safer to replace step (1) with: $$ A \rightarrow T : A, E_{K_A{_{T}}}(B, N_A) $$ so that a passive adversary does not know ...
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Why is (gy, gx) signed in STS (station-to-station)?

My question relates to the station-to-station protocol as described in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Station-to-Station_protocol [1] and http://cacr.uwaterloo.ca/hac/ [2] p 519. ...
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Most Secure Exchange of Keys [closed]

Given both Alice and Bob must exchange IP addresses to perform such an operation, what is the most secure way Alice and Bob can exchange public keys between two mobile devices without having to rely ...
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125 views

variant of Diffie–Hellman key exchange protocol

Motivation Consider the following variant of Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol for two parties: Assume Alice and Bob share $\mathbb{G}$ of order $q$ generated by $g$ Alice samples $a$ ...
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Using a Secure RNG in Probabilistic Fair Exchange

I am attempting to implement probabilistic fair exchange described in Probabilistic Non-Repudiation without Trusted Third Party. A secures a message using AES with 512 bit keys (in my implementation)....
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Is it possible to perform one-way Diffie-Hellman MITM?

Here's something that is bugging me recently: suppose that me and my friend establish an OTR session and - as a result of that - DH key exchange is performed. My friend verifies my key, but I cannot ...
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Malicious KGC attack in the identity-based authenticated key exchange protocol

There are two users $A$ and $B$ who are in different domain. Let's assume that $A\in KGC_1$ and $B\in KGC_2$. If they want to establish secure session, then they must run an identity-based ...
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Common pitfalls of session key activation?

Assume that initiator $I$ and responder $R$ of a key agreement protocol have agreed on new symmetric session keys $K'_{auth}$ and $K'_{enc}$, e.g. by way of Diffie-Hellman and key derivation, possibly ...
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Computer appliance protocol

I build the computer appliance system that consist of software server and multiple controllers. The system I want to build must be pluggable in the sense that when I connect a controller C to the ...
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How is a public/private key pair generated from a Diffe-Hellman key exchange?

I very well understand the DH key exchange. But what is the public key and private key at the end of the exchange. For example: Alice and Bob agree to use a modulus $p = 23$ and base $g = 5$ (which ...
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ECDH VS. DH benchmarking in JAVA

So basically my problem is the odd result i get when measuring the time it takes to generate a ECDH key in java vs. the time it takes to generate a DH key. I compare the time it takes to generate: ...
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How are all necessary parameters shared between signer and verifier in ED25519 signature scheme?

I want to use ED25519 signature scheme in my application which requires frequent sharing of secret data between two entities in public domain. I know that Schnorr signature scheme has a key ...
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202 views

Is this hypothetical key-exchange secure?

I've thought about the following (generic) key-agreement protocol. The only weaknesses I could have found are missing freshness guaranteees. As for the notions: $E^1_K(P)$ is the symmetric encryption ...
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284 views

correct usage of keys and nonce

I've being studying up on AES, GCM, CBC, HMAC and a lot of other primitives and am somewhat ( a little bit, perhaps) familiar with them however I am still a bit weary on the use of the keys and nonce. ...
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DHE key exchange. Is it really secure?

Context I recently came across a video on the net showing the process of key exchange in Diffie Hellmann. Alice and Bob want to communicate. Eve is the (wo)man in the middle. This video is the ...
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140 views

Diffie-Hellman explicit key confirmation

Suppose I wanted to add explicit key confirmation to Diffie-Hellman key exchange, would the following scheme be secure? Alice selects a random $a$ and sends $g^a \mod p$ to Bob Bob selects a random $...
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Three-way key exchange with elliptic curves without pairing

Assume that there are three users, each with their own secret key $d_i$ and the corresponding public key $Q_i = d_i \cdot P$, such that $Q_i$ is a point on an elliptic curve and $P$ is a base point on ...
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665 views

Why are RSA keys encoded with ASN.1 for TLS?

Browser vendors use ASN.1 encoding for RSA certificates in the TLS protocol. RSA public keys are just a number, so why do we need encode them to something else? That increases the risk of security ...
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How can one protect against a Man In The Middle attack during key exchange without using certificates?

Besides using a certificate to defend against a man in the middle attack during a key exchange, what methods can be used?
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Is what i'm trying to do safe?

What both parties have: Server Master Secret (MS) Server supported versions (Svers) Agreed upon version (ver) Client Master Secret (MS) Client supported versions (Cvers) Agreed upon version (Ver) ...
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553 views

How should I manage Diffie-Hellman parameters on a Web Server?

Is there a best practice for Diffie-Hellman parameters (p, g, and q) used on a web server? The server is using ephemeral keys, but should the parameters be rotated on a regular basis? Is it OK for ...
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487 views

Is symmetric key encrypted with server's public key secure

I'm trying to implement lightweight yet secure protocol for communicating two trusted parties with each other. Consider following scheme: Alice wants to establish secure two-sided channel with ...
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ECDH-ECDSA Combination

I am doing research on cryptography primitives at a basic level and I faced a question on encryption methods. I understood that ECDH is an approach to for secure key exchange between two parties ...
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Does this chat protocol exist?

I want to implement a secure chat via mobile. I´ld like to know if the following protocol for key agreement – which can use any asymmetric encryption – exists. Suppose Alice and Bob are two clients ...
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Rationale of “r” AES key use in OTR version 3 AKE protocol?

I just tried to review & understand AKE (Authenticated Key Exchange) protocol as defined in OTR secure messaging protocol version 3 here , and aiming to achieve Perfect Forward Secrecy I am a ...