ways of applying a block cipher to multi-block messages and enabling repeated use without changing the key.

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367 views

What cipher mode is suitable for independantly decryptable short messages?

I'm building a small VoIP client which transmits encrypted audio data via UDP, and some packet loss is expected, so each packet will need to be decrypted separately even if others in the stream don't ...
2
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1answer
909 views

How can AES be considered secure when encrypting large files?

Why is AES considered to be secure when encrypting large files since the algorithm is a block cipher? I mean, if the file is larger than the block size, the file will be broken down to fit the ...
2
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1answer
450 views

Is it possible to split a large AES encrypted string and decrypt the parts one by one?

Due to some platform restrictions our decryption algorithm can only handle up to 1 million bytes. The string we receive is larger, having been generated by AES in cipher block chaining (CBC) mode, ...
2
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1answer
160 views

Camellia cipher - is it a symmetric or asymmetric cipher?

I read a wiki page about Camellia cipher and know that it is a block cipher that can use 128-bit, 192-bit or 256-bit keys. But I cant find any information about if its a symmetric cipher (uses one key ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Single bit error in CBC

Why does a single bit error when using the CBC block cipher mode of operation affect the decryption of a block (Oj) with a probabilty of 50%? And in the following block, why is the one bit error in ...
2
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1answer
200 views

Why are there no MACs inspired by block cipher modes other than CBC and CFB?

I've been studying message authentication codes and I was wondering why a MAC can only be produced with AES in CBC and CFB mode and why not the other modes such as ECB, OFB and counter. Why are CBC ...
2
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1answer
174 views

What is the use of segments in Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB)

In NIST SP800-38A: Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation CFB can be used with a parameter s - the size of a data segment in bits - which determines the ...
2
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1answer
577 views

AES with different modes of operation

I'm taking up a cryptography class and this is for an assignment. We're asked to find the differences between AES/RSA in the different modes of operation vs the one timepad method. From wiki, I can ...
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1answer
1k views

How does Output Feedback mode use the initialization vector?

How can I process Initialization Vector inside the Block Cipher Encryption box (using for example AES) together with the Key? Will I encrypt the Initialization Vector like a block of plaintext? So ...
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1answer
96 views

Why are modes of operation used, what attacks do they prevent?

I know you always need to use a mode of operation when using a block cipher, AES for example, and Wikipedia has a good explanation for what modes of operation are Now I know if i do not use a mode of ...
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1answer
155 views

Modes of encryption for hard drives?

What are the currently recommended modes of encryption for large disks? Basic requirements would seem to be that you can update an encrypted sector independently of others, which rules out most ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Subkey generation in OMAC1/CMAC with XTEA?

All implementations of CMAC that I have found so far use a block cipher with the same key and block size. However, XTEA enciphers a 64 bit block by using a 128 bit key. If ...
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1answer
61 views

Does XTS provide random write access?

I'm trying to find a sufficient encryption mode that supports random read and write access. It seems like XTS is a perfect fit, since in my use case authentication and integrity insurance are handled ...
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1answer
228 views

About the Security of PCBC Encryption Mode

We are designing an encrypted file system. We plan to use the PCBC (Plaintext Cipher Block Chaining) encryption mode for encryption. This is because we desire the feature ("small changes in the ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Can IGE mode be parallelized?

As far as I know, in IGE mode (infinite garble extension) each block depends on the previous one. In that case, can the encryption be parallelized? Is there some way to do it?
2
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1answer
136 views

How to build a secure AE scheme with generic composition?

I am actually looking for using a secure Encrypt-Then-MAC AE scheme , and consider using either an existing "ready-to-use" dedicated AEAD mode (GCM, OCB, CCM, EAX, etc ..) or an alternate composed ...
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2answers
2k views

Difference in one time key and one time pad and many time key

These terms are confusing me. One time pad is when you use one key for one message. That is what One time key is. Secondly, what is the connection of many time key, can i use one time pad many ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Is MCrypt's 8-bit OFB mode secure?

I just stumbled across a Stack Overflow post which points out that the libmcrypt library (notably used in PHP) implements a somewhat unusual set of block cipher modes: it calls the usual CFB and OFB ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Construct block cipher from a smaller one with mixing function

I read about the AEZ encryption scheme as presented at the CAESAR competition. To me it seems like a construction of an arbitrary length block cipher from a smaller one. The key component is the ...
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1answer
111 views

Encryption mode with chained algorithms

Suppose that I want to encrypt some data using two different algorithm chained (e.g. AES and Serpent) and harnessing the benefits of CBC. I can do: ...
2
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1answer
211 views

Is there an efficient way to hide the encrypted plaintext length with a block cipher?

In block cipher modes of operation for encryption on input of a plaintext of $N$ blocks (We assume that the input size is always a multiple of the blockcipher mode: $N·16$ bytes) the size of the ...
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0answers
121 views

What are the constraints on using GCM with a tag size of 96 and 128 bits

Say we want to use AES (or any other secure 128 bit block cipher) with GCM and a tag size of 96 or 128 bits. I'm assuming an AES key size of 128 bits and an IV size of 96 bits (the default). NIST ...
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2answers
168 views

Post-quantum authenticated encryption

It is well-known that the Grover's algorithm reduces cryptographic strength of symmetric ciphers to a square-root - e.g. AES-256 becomes only 2128 strong. However, these statements are always made ...
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3answers
1k views

Which attacks can be avoided by the use of OFB instead of ECB?

For a file encryption program, I was told to use Output Feedback mode (OFB) instead of ECB (Electronic code book) mode. Which attacks can I avoid by this choice?
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2answers
881 views

How to encrypt a file for random access

I am a programmer familiar with C/C++ and Python. Lately, we got an assignment from a team asking us to work on one of their projects: we need to make a small program to encrypt a large file using ...
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3answers
128 views

Security of a parallelizable block cipher mode

This is the scheme of a parallelizable block cipher mode of operation: $IV$ is the initialization vector. $BN$ is the zero-based index number of a block in a stream of data. $BT$ is the tweak that ...
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2answers
168 views

Do I need to know the “mode of operation” to decrypt a message encrypted with a block cipher?

If I have received an AES encrypted message, and if I do know the key with which it was encrypted, do I also need to know the mode of operation with which it was encrypted in order to decrypt it? My ...
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2answers
494 views

Complexity of ECB and OFB

What is the complexity of ECB in terms of Time and Memory? and also in OFB? I can't find it in the internet, so I decided to ask it in here.
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1answer
77 views

Is super encryption (aka “multiple encryption”) always good?

I'm trying to use super encryption (also known as “multiple encryption”) with AES in CFB mode with IV and password salting and AES in CTR mode both without padding. I first use AES CFB and then AES in ...
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1answer
576 views

Partial decryption of large file in AES-GCM (or other modes)?

Lets assume a 4gig file that is internally made of 1 million pages of 4k bytes each (page). the file was originally AES-GCM encrypted these pages (or entire file) lives across the internet i.e. ...
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1answer
337 views

Precisely how does CBC mode use the initialization vector? [duplicate]

As I understand it, AES in CBC mode does an XOR of the 128-bit initialization vector and the first 128 bits of plain text. Is this correct? I am using the PHP 5.3 openssl extension in aes-256-cbc ...
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1answer
309 views

Modes of operation for Public Key Encryption schemes

Symmetric key encryption schemes have well defined modes of operations for achieving deterministic (ECB) or Randomized (CBC, OFB, CTR ) etc. and other applications of the same. But are they defined ...
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1answer
49 views

Is it secure to encrypt random key with block cipher in ECB mode?

If we have a random key $K$ which is 256-bit, and have a block cipher $C$ which has a block size of 128-bit. Is it safe to encrypt $K$ with $C$ in ECB mode? This problem can be generalized to given a ...
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237 views

Operation modes of block ciphers how are used?

I am studying about different operation modes of block ciphers my question isn't something specific to that, but is how these operation modes are used in cryptography? I have this picture here ...
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2answers
122 views

Is it practical to use a stream cipher in a block cipher mode?

My idea is to use a stream cipher encrypting 16 bytes at a time as a primative block cipher in a mode of operation such as CBC mode. Is this practical or useful in any way?
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2answers
159 views

The perfect way of using IV in CTR mode

I understand that it is necessary to use the same IV for both encryption and decryption in the CTR mode. I'm thinking about the case when I concatenate the secret ...
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2answers
291 views

Random vs. Fixed Paddings

Is there any consensus (i.e. are there any research results) on the benefits and drawbacks of various padding schemes? Generally there seem to be two kinds of them: random paddings, like ISO10126 ...
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1answer
371 views

Difference between plain AES CTR and “CCM-style” CTR

I am trying to adapt the following function from SJCL, which does "AES-CCM" style CTR encryption, to do "pure CTR" encryption. I am playing around with SIV and would rather use this well-reviewed ...
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1answer
79 views

Modes of Operations Exercise

I am currently stuck at an exercise for my Cryptography Class in University which is: Alice wants to send a message $M = (M_1,M_2) =$ "Pay Bob \$100 from bank accout $12345$" to her bank (encrypted). ...
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1answer
208 views

Compared to GCM or XTS modes, how secure is H xor R1, E (R2, R1, Message) for confidentiality and integrity?

Let R1 and R2 be (32 byte) random values, and let a H = Hash (R1, R2, Message) be of the same length as each R value. Provided E (R2, R1, Message) is operating in some chaining mode, are there any ...
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0answers
46 views

How can I read the AE figures?

This question is rather simple. I've recently read the paper "Automated Analysis and Synthesis of Authenticated Encryption Schemes". On page 17 of this paper the authors provide three figures of ...
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0answers
56 views

Does not using padding mean a lack of security?

I've read several texts which say that if the entire plaintext is a multiple of the block-size padding is not required (and not using padding would not mean a loss of security). I generally disagree ...
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0answers
425 views

Non-malleable file encryption using AES XTS 256?

I'm looking to do file encryption of a bunch of individual files, some small, some quite large. The files will be write-once/read-many, so I could use CBC, however, since the read-access needs to ...
0
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1answer
135 views

Which block cipher mode does the experts use? [closed]

I want to know which "block cipher mode of operation" does the experts use? I don't want to use ECB or CBC because add padding and padding mess up my code. So which one does the experts use. /Thanks ...
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2answers
367 views

What are the advantages of using OFB (Output Feedback Mode)? [closed]

I have a problem with OFB mode, because I have heard that it is stronger than CFB.
0
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1answer
97 views

Are modes of operation algorithms practical?

I took a cryptography class back in college, and now that I am working my 1st career one of the things currently on my plate is coming up with an algorithm to encrypt data before it's placed on the ...
0
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1answer
47 views

With wrong IV at receiver side, the CFB in better than OFB?

Assume the receiver have a wrong IV (initialization vector), in the CFB mode only the first block of plaintext is wrong but in OFB mode the second and all blocks will be affected. Is that correct? ...
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1answer
209 views

Block cipher mode with diffusion on ciphertext

As I understand, diffusion property in AES-CBC ensures that one-bit change in plaintext will yield changes in all following blocks in ciphertext upon encryption. I'm looking for algorithm that will ...
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2answers
109 views

Counter Mode with a sequence of zeros bits plaintext, is it secure?

I had a quiz last week in computer security course. There was a confusing question that I am still looking for a good and clear answer. First, I know that counter mode with a good block cipher is ...
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2answers
461 views

IV/Nonce in CTR&GCM mode of operation

We know reusing IV can compromise our secrecy. I have some questions aiming to clarify the use of an IV/Nonce in CTR/GCM: Is it OK to use the same key for encrypting plain-texts in authenticated ...