creation of (real or pseudo) random numbers (or bits).

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7
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3answers
1k views

HRNG for One Time Pad

I have just advanced to the last grade of high school (in Denmark). In this year, we all get to do one big project, where we can build/invent/create whatever we want to "solve a problem". As I study ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

How to convert AES to a PRNG in order to run NIST Statistical Test Suite?

I want to run statistical tests on my implementation of AES. How should I convert it into a PRNG? Is there a standard way to go about doing this? I could not find much information about this although ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Webcam random number generator

I have a question about random number generators. I have read from a real random number generator, based on a webcam ("randcam"). My problem is, that I do not really understand how the generation of ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Is part of an output of secure PRNG also cryptographically secure?

Lets say I generate 192 bits using some secure PRNG. If I now take first 128 bits is it equivalent of generating 128 bits in the first place? P.S. More practical application for me is that I need a ...
-3
votes
0answers
17 views

Is there any code implementation of the HMAC-DRBG PRNG? [closed]

I'm looking for the code of HMAC-DRBG in either C# or C++, for use in a cryptography related project. I can't find it anywhere. Would appreciate the help! Thanks a ton!
6
votes
4answers
758 views

Are there any practical ways to transfer random data securely?

The owner of the random.org service recommends that you do not use randomly generated numbers from their website in cryptographic keys. This makes sense, but it got me wondering. Is it possible to ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

Predicting values from a Linear Congruential Generator

I have learnt that Linear Congruential Random Number Generators are not cryptographically secure - my understanding is that given an LCG of the form: ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

How Brittle Are LCG-Cracking Techniques?

There are published techniques for cracking LCGs, but to my eye those techniques seem very brittle — very minor changes can add nonlinearity that renders techniques like the LLL algorithm unusable. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Are the SHA family hash outputs practically random?

Say I hashed the output from a random number generator (with nonce), would the resulting SHA256 hash be as random as the inputted number? And If I used the first 5 hex characters, and then used the ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Detecting steganography in the stream of short messages

I have stream of millions of short n-bit (n<30) messages generated by some random number generator. The source of random number generator is not available to me. I suspect there are messages used ...
9
votes
1answer
108 views

Is CPU timing jitter a usable entropy source?

In some virtualized environments, the only source of entropy available is CPU timing jitter. Can one get enough entropy from this source for practical uses? Also, is this secure against local ...
7
votes
4answers
473 views

Can machine learning analyze random number generator?

I'm studying for random number generators(RNG) and I saw about machine learning a few days ago. So I searched analysis of RNG using machine learning. But I couldn't find such fields. Are there such ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

What is an impure NIST true random number generator?

I'm working on a true random number generator, and I came across this phrase in the American NIST guide, in section 6.4.1 Non-Approved Conditioning Components: The entropy rate provided shall be ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

how to change math.random() implemented in javascript to securerandom [closed]

In Javscript code in one of our application,I am trying to change Math.random to secure random.I am not sure ,how to change.can anybody help?
8
votes
1answer
330 views

Uniformly distributed secure floating point numbers in [0,1)

Is there any way to generate cryptographically secure uniformly distributed floating point numbers in the interval [0,1)? For example, in Javascript, there is ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

What values constitute failing for ENT tests?

The dieharder tests give a clear PASSED, WEAK, etc and I'm wondering what those thresholds ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Do any (non-hardware) RNGs exist which could be used to create an OTP for crypto purposes?

I've stumbled (jobwise) over a system where small messages (512 Bytes or less) are encrypted and decrypted using a simple XOR using a OTP. That OTP is created using a seed based on the individual user ...
7
votes
2answers
165 views

Hardware Random Numbers - How to convert Voltage signal into binary?

I have a physical unit, e.g. a resistor. I bias it with current and measure the voltage. Let us assume that the fluctuations ($\Delta V=V-<V>$) of this voltage signal are random. Now, $\Delta V$ ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Is (1 bit HW signal) XOR (8 bits PRNG output) sufficient for a HWRNG?

This is really a follow up question to a comment made regarding How to roll a HWRNG In the situation of whitening a hardware generated random bit stream, "XORing the two bitstreams should be fine ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

What stops the Multiply-With-Carry Random Number Generator from being a Cryptographically Secure Pseudo-Random Number Generator?

Despite the fact that Marsaglia's MWC PRNG (multiply-with-carry random number generator) is considered to be "the mother of all RNGs", it does not seem to be considered to be a CSPRNG ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Is a Mersenne-twister cryptographically secure if I truncate the output?

I want to create an online roulette game. Is it OK if the PRNG is seeded only once, when the user starts the game, or is it recommended to re-seed sometimes during game? Maybe just seeded once a day ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

How broken is a xor of two multiply with carry generators?

How broken is a xor of two LCGs? How Brittle Are LCG-Cracking Techniques? Based on the above two questions, I have simply one additional question: how broken is a XOR of two 64-bit multiply with ...
12
votes
1answer
67 views

How to tell if a hardware RNG is rigged?

On a related note of building my own RNG, as someone suggested to use several commericial solutions how can I check if it is rigged against me? (although I am still strongly biased to a homebrew ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Implementation specific differences between RDRAND and RDSEED

I've read Intel's The Difference Between RDRAND and RDSEED and Intel Digital Random Number Generator (DRNG) Software Implementation Guide, but I have some open questions that are specific to usage in ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Given PRNG $G(s)$, why is $G(s) || G(s+1)$ not a PRNG?

I have given a pseudorandom Generator $G(s)$, $|s|=n$ whose expansion $l(n)$ is $>2n$. I also know that $G^\prime(s) := G(s_1,\ldots,s_{\lfloor\frac{n}{2}\rfloor})$ is a pseudorandom generator. Now ...
4
votes
2answers
78 views

Is the RC4 keystream random or not?

I have cause to use the PRNG half of RC4, but am seriously confused as to the randomness of its output. (Only the PRNG half.) On the one hand, there is a large body of literature finding ever ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

Reusing same source for single-source randomness extractor

Let $ext$ be a single-source randomness extractor which takes a $d$-bit seed and a $n$-bit source as input and produces a $m$-bit output. Suppose we have a source $X$ with min-entropy $k$. Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

ElGamal Generator g problem

Having an ElGamal encryption scheme with p=19 which value can not be assigned to g? The answers were : 1,7,11,2 I think you can't assign value 1 to g.
3
votes
2answers
122 views

Will entropy be lost by using a DRBG?

Lets assume we have a DRGB (deterministic random bit generator) which is seeded by a good true RBG (random bit generator). Before any bit has been read from the DRBG, the entropy is clearly the number ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

CTR DRBG dependent on request size?

I am trying to understand the CTR DRBG specification in NIST SP 800-90A. It seems slightly different to a pure stream cipher in that the key and counter are reset after each generate call using the ...
4
votes
5answers
121 views

How does generating random numbers “remove entropy from your system”?

In a previous question, I quoted the --gen-random entry in the GPG Man Pages. At the end it says: PLEASE, don’t use this command unless you know what you are ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

gpg --gen-random quality level: is higher “better”?

The GNU Privacy Guard manual pages have this to say about using the gpg --gen-random 0|1|2 count command: Emit count random bytes of the given quality level 0, ...
10
votes
0answers
150 views

AMD and RDRAND instruction

The latest AMD programmer manuals, dated June 2015, include the RDRAND instruction in the instruction set. For completeness, it lacks ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Collision likelihood from /dev/urandom for VMs using the same underlying hardware

We have multiple virtual machines sharing the same physical hardware. We use /dev/urandom for session key generation. But a question comes up: if ...
6
votes
1answer
171 views

Can it ever be impossible to invert a PRNG?

I've read about the possibility of inverting the Mersenne Twister after 624 numbers of output. 624 matches the state size of my implementation of the Twister. Coincidence? If the generator only ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Does Mersenne Twister generate homogeneous numbers?

I have been assigned to generate 15000+ homogeneous and uniform random numbers for a work. I have been searching if Mersenne Twister generate homogeneous distribution of numbers but I don't find ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Does it necessarily mean that an RSA moduli generated with poor randomness is not random?

In 2012 a group of researchers collected a large amount of RSA moduli and calculated their greatest common divisor in order to find common factors between them. By finding a common factor they could ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Does an encrypted random sequence conserve its “randomness”?

If you have a random uniform sequence of bits $A$ generated by a TRNG with good performance of randomness tests (eg Dieharder, NIST, Kolmogorov complexity, chi-square, etc) and perform an encryption ...
8
votes
1answer
661 views

What are the methods to construct a primitive binary nonlinear feedback shift register (NLFSR)?

Given a binary shift register of $n$ bits, a primitive binary nonlinear feedback shift register will generate a sequence with a period of $2^n - 1$. While I am unable to find a paper which directly ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Raw /dev/random output for keymat [duplicate]

Noob question: It is my understanding that the raw output from non-blocking /dev/random (where the kernel's entropy_avail estimate is equal to or greater than the number of random bits required) ...
4
votes
1answer
188 views

Is it possible to find a Mersenne Twister seed given only the first output?

Suppose I have a Mersenne Twister seeded with some unknown value, and I’ve been given the first output. Given only this first output, and no other information, is it possible to derive the unknown ...
8
votes
3answers
487 views

Why do we require a CSPRNG's output to be indistinguishable from true random?

Everywhere I read, indistinguishability of output from true random is stated as a requirement for CSPRNGs. However nobody bothered to give the rationale for such a strong requirement. Specifically, ...
3
votes
2answers
796 views

Generating unbiased numbers with a biased six sided die?

Eve takes a fair six-sided die and adds some heavy paint to the side of the die with the 6 on it. This results in a biased die that rolls a 6 with probability 2/7, and each other number (1-5) with ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Stream Ciphers and cycling questions

For all PRNGs (including CSPRNGs) lets say there is a sequence x, y, z, then when the PRNG cycles back to x, then the sequence following it will be exactly the same as before. Is this true for all ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Is it possible to create “non overlapping” RNGs?

For example, let's say I want two cryptographically strong RNGs (R1 and R2). And I want them to have the following property: R1 (resp. R2) will never generate the same random number twice. R1 (resp. ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Has there been any research on entropy efficient information-theoretically secure PRNGs?

I have an idea for an research project, but I am first wondering if it has been researched or implemented before. I think I have a way to come up with a set of PRNG algorithms which have the ...
5
votes
4answers
897 views

With a true random number generator at hand, how to implement one-time pad?

I have a Raspberry Pi single-board computer that happened to have an hardware true random number generator, based on some quantum effects on the processor silicon, baked into its BCM2835 chip and I ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Combining a keystream generator with a block cipher

I understand that: A stream cipher's security is diluted if the same key is used more than once. This is fixed by using an additional initialization vector in the keystream's computation. A block ...
4
votes
2answers
767 views

Is it secure to concatenate two 16-bit random numbers into a 32-bit one?

I'm working on a security application for RF modules aimed to protect a communication between an autarkic sensor and a line-powered receiver against MITM (man-in-the-middle attacks). I decided to use ...