creation of (real or pseudo) random numbers (or bits).

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

4
votes
0answers
70 views

Secure entropy extractor for thermal noise collected from camera input?

I have read this paper (pdf) which talks about measuring the entropy of thermal noise collected from camera input. They estimate the minimum entropy at about 4 bits per pixel. Probably estimating 1 ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Webcam random number generator

I have a question about random number generators. I have read from a real random number generator, based on a webcam ("randcam"). My problem is, that I do not really understand how the generation of ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

What values constitute failing for ENT tests?

The dieharder tests give a clear PASSED, WEAK, etc and I'm wondering what those thresholds ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Implementation specific differences between RDRAND and RDSEED

I've read Intel's The Difference Between RDRAND and RDSEED and Intel Digital Random Number Generator (DRNG) Software Implementation Guide, but I have some open questions that are specific to usage in ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

Is the RC4 keystream random or not?

I have cause to use the PRNG half of RC4, but am seriously confused as to the randomness of its output. (Only the PRNG half.) On the one hand, there is a large body of literature finding ever ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What problems with “random” data would cause this result from Ent?

I'm playing around with a novel kind of source of "random" data and Ent is currently giving me results like this: Entropy = 7.977080 bits per byte. Optimum compression would reduce the size of this ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

How to convert AES to a PRNG in order to run NIST Statistical Test Suite?

I want to run statistical tests on my implementation of AES. How should I convert it into a PRNG? Is there a standard way to go about doing this? I could not find much information about this although ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Security of $(k, 2k)$-bit generator for small seeds

Here is the problem I am working on for context. I have $\epsilon \le 1 - 2^{-k}$ and $\epsilon$ approaches 1 as $k \to \infty$ but I'm stuck on part c). The $f$ is secure iff there does not ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

I am trying to generate a permutation of polynomial with order m

Suppose m = 5 and N = 64. How do I choose the coefficients such that the polynomial is a permutation of nos from 0 to 63.?
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Transforming Gaussian random $[0,1] $ numbers to uniform $[0,255] $

I am not exactly sure if this is for math stackexchange or crypto: A TRNG outputs numbers in $[0,1]$ in a Gaussian distribution. I would like to convert them into uniform random bytes ($[0,255] $) to ...
7
votes
3answers
173 views

Generating random non-repeating numbers from a small group

I read this Q&A which gave a clever solution: feed an incrementing index into a block key cipher as a way of producing non-repeating random numbers. The problem is the block size of all the good ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Updating the seed key of a PRNG while maintaining initial entropy?

Consider a seed key ($n$-bit long) is completely random and entropy of random variable is $n$ and PRNG is using deterministic algorithm and that that deterministic algorithm does not add any entropy ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

PRNG that takes input a $n$-bit string and gives output a $2n$-bit string?

Recently, I'm reading one paper of Boneh and Zhandry. They have mentioned a pseudo random number generator that takes input a $n$-bit string and gives a $2n$-bit string as output. They just used it as ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Generating cryptographic-quality 1/f noise

Can anyone suggest how I'd generate cryptographic quality 1/f noise: aka 'pink noise', where the PSD follows 1/f. I'd be happy to derive the pink noise from white noise (e.g. /dev/urandom), but I ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

generate unpredictable value with a shared key

Is there any function that taek a key to generate (un)predictable value ? I hope you will more understand more what I mean with this example f take in input an array, a key and a round number ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Combining multiple PRGs together

Got some theoretical questions about PRGs to solve (given by lecturer for self-learning, no score involved). Tried to find on the internet but couldn't figure out how to solve them, so I will mention ...
6
votes
1answer
262 views

Is it possible to find a Mersenne Twister seed given only the first output?

Suppose I have a Mersenne Twister seeded with some unknown value, and I’ve been given the first output. Given only this first output, and no other information, is it possible to derive the unknown ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Generate a random number $r \in \{1,2, \dots , k\}$, where $k$ is not public and is distributedly held

A set of parties can securely generate a random number $r \in \{1,2,3,\dots, k\}$ when $k$ is publicly known. However, can we generate the random number $r$ if $k$ is not publicly known and is held by ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Randomness test question from FIPS 140-1 and comparison with 140-2

In FIPS 140-1 there are 4 statistical random number generator tests (The Monobit Test, The Poker Test, The Runs Test and The Long Runs Test. Then FIPS 140-2 came along and supposedly tightened the ...
39
votes
5answers
15k views

Who uses Dual_EC_DRBG?

Recent news articles have suggested that the NSA may be involved in trying to influence the cryptography in public standards or commercially deployed software, to enable the NSA to decrypt the ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

What stops the Multiply-With-Carry RNG from being a Cryptographically Secure PRNG?

Despite the fact that Marsaglia's MWC PRNG (multiply-with-carry random number generator) is considered to be "the mother of all RNGs", it does not seem to be considered to be a CSPRNG ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Bitwise method of generating r for RSA-KEM

It seems that RSA-KEM has a very troublesome method of generating the secret $r$. It seems that the random value needs to be in the range $0 \le r \le {n - 1}$. Now most cryptographic environments ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

How to calculate the probability to get two random numbers equal from the same generator

I have deterministic random bit generator (DRBG) to generate a random numbers in which it is 10 byte value and I want to turn this algorithm twice, what is the probability to get the two random equal ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

ElGamal Generator g problem

Having an ElGamal encryption scheme with p=19 which value can not be assigned to g? The answers were : 1,7,11,2 I think you can't assign value 1 to g.
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Non primitive lfsr sequence

Given a non-primitive LFSR sequence (i.e number of states is less than $2^n - 1$); how do we find out the the characteristic polynomial? Will Berlekamp-Massey algorithm work in this case? for ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is it OK to reseed a Deterministic Random Bit Generator from itself?

I want a deterministic PRNG for simulation purposes, and I don't want to have to worry about spurious correlations like those the DMCT is designed to protect the Mersenne Twister against. So even ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Create big random number from 2 smaller numbers?

If I have 2 true random numbers from atmospheric noise or a different source. Suppose $x= 299$ and $y= 499$. Is it possible to create a bigger number with $x$ to the power of $y$? Can I use ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Metrics of PRNGs

I am a bit confused on the metrics that can be applied to the output of (deterministic) pseudo-random number generators. I've run output from many RNGs through ENT. The only metrics that really differ ...
2
votes
4answers
643 views

PRNG taking advantage of very large seed

Can anyone suggest a good (CS)PRNG algorithm that takes advantage of having a very large (ideally arbitrarily large) seed? I'd like to use several kilobytes, perhaps several hundred kilobytes, of ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

How to design a deliberately weak PRNG for experimentation?

I'm looking for a PRNG that is deliberately weak, that is, follows a set of rules stochasticly. For example: Encounters a set of bits that is a multiple of X, starts exhibiting bias, or starts to ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

HRNG for One Time Pad

I have just advanced to the last grade of high school (in Denmark). In this year, we all get to do one big project, where we can build/invent/create whatever we want to "solve a problem". As I study ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Is part of an output of secure PRNG also cryptographically secure?

Lets say I generate 192 bits using some secure PRNG. If I now take first 128 bits is it equivalent of generating 128 bits in the first place? P.S. More practical application for me is that I need a ...
6
votes
4answers
780 views

Are there any practical ways to transfer random data securely?

The owner of the random.org service recommends that you do not use randomly generated numbers from their website in cryptographic keys. This makes sense, but it got me wondering. Is it possible to ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

Predicting values from a Linear Congruential Generator

I have learnt that Linear Congruential Random Number Generators are not cryptographically secure - my understanding is that given an LCG of the form: ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

How Brittle Are LCG-Cracking Techniques?

There are published techniques for cracking LCGs, but to my eye those techniques seem very brittle — very minor changes can add nonlinearity that renders techniques like the LLL algorithm unusable. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Are the SHA family hash outputs practically random?

Say I hashed the output from a random number generator (with nonce), would the resulting SHA256 hash be as random as the inputted number? And If I used the first 5 hex characters, and then used the ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Detecting steganography in the stream of short messages

I have stream of millions of short n-bit (n<30) messages generated by some random number generator. The source of random number generator is not available to me. I suspect there are messages used ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

Is CPU timing jitter a usable entropy source?

In some virtualized environments, the only source of entropy available is CPU timing jitter. Can one get enough entropy from this source for practical uses? Also, is this secure against local ...
8
votes
4answers
731 views

Can machine learning analyze random number generator?

I'm studying for random number generators(RNG) and I saw about machine learning a few days ago. So I searched analysis of RNG using machine learning. But I couldn't find such fields. Are there such ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

What is an impure NIST true random number generator?

I'm working on a true random number generator, and I came across this phrase in the American NIST guide, in section 6.4.1 Non-Approved Conditioning Components: The entropy rate provided shall be ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

how to change math.random() implemented in javascript to securerandom [closed]

In Javscript code in one of our application,I am trying to change Math.random to secure random.I am not sure ,how to change.can anybody help?
8
votes
1answer
353 views

Uniformly distributed secure floating point numbers in [0,1)

Is there any way to generate cryptographically secure uniformly distributed floating point numbers in the interval [0,1)? For example, in Javascript, there is ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Do any (non-hardware) RNGs exist which could be used to create an OTP for crypto purposes?

I've stumbled (jobwise) over a system where small messages (512 Bytes or less) are encrypted and decrypted using a simple XOR using a OTP. That OTP is created using a seed based on the individual user ...
6
votes
2answers
171 views

Hardware Random Numbers - How to convert Voltage signal into binary?

I have a physical unit, e.g. a resistor. I bias it with current and measure the voltage. Let us assume that the fluctuations ($\Delta V=V-<V>$) of this voltage signal are random. Now, $\Delta V$ ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Is (1 bit HW signal) XOR (8 bits PRNG output) sufficient for a HWRNG?

This is really a follow up question to a comment made regarding How to roll a HWRNG In the situation of whitening a hardware generated random bit stream, "XORing the two bitstreams should be fine ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Is a Mersenne-twister cryptographically secure if I truncate the output?

I want to create an online roulette game. Is it OK if the PRNG is seeded only once, when the user starts the game, or is it recommended to re-seed sometimes during game? Maybe just seeded once a day ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

How broken is a xor of two multiply with carry generators?

How broken is a xor of two LCGs? How Brittle Are LCG-Cracking Techniques? Based on the above two questions, I have simply one additional question: how broken is a XOR of two 64-bit multiply with ...
11
votes
1answer
82 views

How to tell if a hardware RNG is rigged?

On a related note of building my own RNG, as someone suggested to use several commericial solutions how can I check if it is rigged against me? (although I am still strongly biased to a homebrew ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Given PRNG $G(s)$, why is $G(s) || G(s+1)$ not a PRNG?

I have given a pseudorandom Generator $G(s)$, $|s|=n$ whose expansion $l(n)$ is $>2n$. I also know that $G^\prime(s) := G(s_1,\ldots,s_{\lfloor\frac{n}{2}\rfloor})$ is a pseudorandom generator. Now ...