Algorithms and protocols for creating signatures to documents, and verifying such signatures. These are normally asymmetric, for symmetric signatures see [mac].

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In which situation is HMAC mandatory rather than signature? [duplicate]

I’ve seen that the question has been asked already but this is still confusing to me. In a digital signature, Alice sends a message M and the ...
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1answer
120 views

Could this “symmetric RSA” scheme provide key compromise resistant communications?

This question, and fkraiem's answer to it, made me wonder about the security and practicality of using "symmetric RSA" to provide a partially compromise-resistant secure channel. Specifically, assume ...
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104 views

Forgery attack against Textbook RSA with simple redundancy

I know how to forge vanilla Textbook RSA message signatures (easy). I've learnt that by adding a good redundancy to the message, it cannot be forged anymore. How can one add redundancy so that the ...
-2
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28 views

Signing and hashing a new file detected in a folder [on hold]

I'd like to sign a file in a folder after detection. I'd also like to save a hash over the file to a text file. Thanks in advance!
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1answer
1k views

Description of signatures with message recovery (as in ISO/IEC 9796-2 and EMV Signatures)

I'd like to get an overview of how the signatures with message recovery work, especially in case EMV and other smart card systems. Is there a nice overview available without being required to read the ...
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2answers
271 views

Is it possible for Alice and Bob to both sign a message “simultaneously”?

Let's say that there is a message which is considered valid if signed by both Alice and Bob. Alice could sign the message and then give it to Bob, so that he can sign it and give it back to her. But,...
2
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1answer
119 views

Using e-ID Number for Encryption and Digital Signing

I want to use e-ID number for performing Encryption/Decryption and Digital Signing - and in order to do so, I've opted a PGP-oriented approach which goes a bit like this. Generating PGP key-pair ...
10
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439 views

Compact digital signature for noisy data

The question asks for a signature scheme, with a public verification procedure, that is tolerant to minor alterations of the signed data during its transmission [possibly in analog form over some ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Is PKCS7 a signature format or a certificate format?

I always though PKCS7 was a signature format. However, on the net I find several references to PKCS7 being a certificate format - for example, this talks about PKCS7 certificate: Extract raw ...
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2answers
83 views

comparison of security for identity based signature and Hashing (SHA-1) the identities

I would like to know which method can provide better security: using identity based signature or hashing the identities and message (using SHA-1) for authentication?
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1answer
476 views

Existential Unforgeability of signature scheme against Adaptive Chosen Message Attack

While reading a literature on signature schemes, I came across the concept of Existential Unforgeability of signature scheme against Adaptive Chosen Message Attack. Can anyone point me to the paper ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Need help understanding this exercise's solution

We were given this exercise, which asks us to identify the types of keys used on this diagram: The solution was Kxa -> A's private key Kya -> A's public key KxB -> B's private key My question ...
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71 views

Chosen-Message-Attack RSA-Signature

I know that because of the multplicative property of RSA $s =(s_1s_2) \bmod n = (m_1m_2)^d \bmod n$ If Oscar wants to sign now an own message $m$ he chooses another message $m_1$ with $\gcd(m_1,n)=...
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1answer
19 views

Digital signature with collision

Let's assume a digital signature scheme such that there's a probability of 0.2 for two random messages to have the same signature. How can I exploit this sheme? I'm having difficulties in finding an ...
4
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0answers
45 views

How to forge signatures in the Schnorr scheme if $r=g^k$ is eliminated?

I need some help to demonstrate how to forge signatures in the Schnorr scheme if I eliminate the random string $r=g^k$ used in the hash – using $H(M)$ instead of $H(M||r)$. How would one be able to ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Is this a good choice of a digital signature scheme?

This is a concrete instantiation of Rabin-Williams signatures. Specifically: The private key is 2 primes $p, q$. The public key is their product $N = pq$ and is approximately 3072 bits long. the ...
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2answers
744 views

Are there any signature schemes for underpowered devices (8-bit microcontroller)?

I am currently researching into a small scale home automation system, aiming for cost. The system architecture is basically one master and several slaves which are connected in parallel. Recently i'...
4
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1answer
429 views

How to sign a large file for random-access reading?

I need to write an "Authoring" application which produces large files. These files must be signed so that the "Consuming" application knows that it was authored with a matching key. The consuming ...
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86 views

How to generate an RSASSA-PSS signature with MGF1-SHA256?

As part of rooting a device, I need to generate a 256-byte RSASSA-PSS signature using SHA256 as the hash and MGF1-SHA256 as the mask function, for an update file I created. I can choose any 32-byte ...
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1answer
48 views

Expire signature

I am looking for a way to have a 'did it expired' key. There's a similar question here, but I have to prevent reusing of the 'did it expired' signature . A possible solution would be a two one-way ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Single-scalar multiplication with sign bit

I want to know if there's an "easy" timing-free way to compute the sign of $y$-coordinate of $r G$, for a secret scalar $r$ and $G$ the generator of an elliptic curve. We have several choices for ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Get $a$ such that quadratic residue has a solution (Rabin)

My task is to implement Rabin signature. I have trouble with choosing padding a such that $$x^2 \equiv a \pmod n$$ has a solution. In that context, $n=p\cdot q$ is composite, where $p$ and $q$ are ...
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76 views

Does a key need to be signed if it is being used to decrypt a message that is already signed?

I am trying to better understand authentication. Lets say I have posted my 128-bit AES symmetric key on some forum, encrypted asymmetrically to my friend using 256-bit ECC (25519). The forum isn't ...
3
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1answer
179 views

What is the probability of attacking SHA1 used in RSA signature with small exponent?

There is RSA signature check which has following properties: RSA modulus N which is 2048-bit RSA public exponent equal 41 (0x29) Genuine Signature uses EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5 padding of SHA1 hash, however ...
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31 views

check user signed in group signature

I have $N$ users, all of them creating a group digital signature. Also I have user $A$. How can I check if user a signed or not signet in this signature? Is it possible ? Are there other methods how I ...
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253 views

One-way hash on encrypted data, result hidden from hasher

I'm looking for a one-way hash function that can be performed by A on an encrypted piece of data E(D) provided by B, without the performer A able to figure out D or H(D). This similar to HMAC(Message, ...
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49 views

Can I get successful signature verification with just altering message and signature?

Assuming I can modify a message and also modify the verification signature, and I also have the public-key but not the private-key. Can I create a message that can be verified with a signature that I ...
2
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1answer
273 views

RSA signatures without padding

Suppose I have a message $M$ for which I generate an RSA-2048 digital signature as follows: $H = H(M)$, $H(M)$ being the SHA-256 of the message $M$ $S = H^d \bmod N$ Assume $N = pq$ is properly ...
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72 views

Do other one-time signature schemes exist?

I'm curious to know if there are any one-time signature schemes other than Lamport's or its variants (Merkle trees are one such variant). The first I've discovered is called "Bins and Balls" which ...
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2answers
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Why can’t DSA be used for encryption?

This question at StackOverflow mentions that DSA cannot be used for encrypt. But Both RSA and DSA can be used to generate public and private keys, right? (Or am I wrong?). Then why can't I use the ...
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31 views

What happens if someone implements tree-base signature scheme incorrectly?

I'm learning about signature schemes and read about Merkele's tree-base signature scheme. There are paragraphs about how the key and signings are generated. Using so-called tree structure and pseudo ...
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1answer
63 views

Why are there $q^2$ keys for each equivalence class in Pedersen-van Heyst Signature Scheme?

How do you know there are $q^2$ keys for each equivalence class in the Pedersen-van Heyst Signature Scheme? My textbook says this is "easy to see", however, I am not seeing it. Is it because in the ...
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Problem with applying threshold scheme

For a report on threshold signature schemes, I have to explain a threshold signature scheme and give a simple example with numbers. A threshold signature scheme is a scheme in which a network of n ...
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20 views

How do I prove the tracing part in a ring signature model?

I have a question about the article “efficient and multi-level privacy-preserving communication protocol for VANET” by H. Xiong et al. I need the ID of malicious vehicle, but I could not prove how I ...
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50 views

signature, hashing schemes

I have 20 friends. we create message(s) (1...i) and tar them up with a file messages.hashes(1..i). We sign these tars with our ...
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1answer
41 views

Why hash function are used in digital signatures? [duplicate]

In the lectures I see, hash functions are always used when we want to sign a document $d$. My question is why they are used in digital signatures? Maybe, because it is more easy and fast to calculate ...
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104 views

Password checking algorithm

I'm trying to reverse engineer a key exchange protocol which is based on the Diffie-Hellman key exchange scheme and faced with the following problem: Let $g$ be the generator, $m$ the modulus. Alice ...
2
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1answer
493 views

The Boneh-DeMillo-Lipton fault attack (RSA CRT)

I am trying to understand the Boneh-DeMillo-Lipton fault attack on RSA CRT signature. Suppose that we sign a message $m$ with RSA-CRT : $d_p = d \bmod (p-1)$ and $d_q = d \bmod (q-1)$ $s_p = h(m)^{...
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Given a public-key encryption and signature scheme, define a new primitive

I'm new to cryptography and am currently working on the following question: Say you are given a public-key encryption scheme $\Pi_e=(\mathcal{K}_e,\mathcal{E},\mathcal{D})$ and a signature scheme $...
5
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1answer
70 views

Can RSA-PSS signing be made deterministic without loss of security?

Is it possible to make RSA-PSS signing deterministic without loss of security? Specifically, I would use Blake2b of the key and message to generate the salt.
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2answers
38 views

Is ssl_sign safe as it is using OPENSSL_PKCS1_PADDING

I've been hearing a lot of scare talk about PKCS1 padding attacks. Is PKCS1 v1.5 safe in signatures as it is practically transporting only message digest? I'm using it in one of my applications so i'...
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1answer
64 views

How are all necessary parameters shared between signer and verifier in ED25519 signature scheme?

I want to use ED25519 signature scheme in my application which requires frequent sharing of secret data between two entities in public domain. I know that Schnorr signature scheme has a key ...
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1answer
54 views

Calculate if a digital signature is valid

In the book An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography, it mentions a section on digital signatures and a theoretical example. I am having difficulty understanding the book and I was wondering if ...
2
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1answer
709 views

How does certificate-based encryption solve key revocation problem?

How does certificate-based encryption solve key revocation problem? For example, if a user accidentally reveals its secret key or an attacker compromises it, the user may request revocation of its ...
3
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2answers
3k views

How does a client verify a server certificate?

As far as I know, when I request a certificate from Verisign (for example), and after they approved that me is me, they create a certificate (for me) which contains the digital signature and public ...
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Is javascript RSA signing safe?

I'm currently working on a secure open source messaging system (https://github.com/DSMNET/DSMNET). I'm currently using the cryptico.js (https://github.com/wwwtyro/cryptico) library to encrypt all the ...
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Single public key for NaCL signing and encryption?

Bob wants to use NaCL (specifically the Python NaCL library) to both a) sign some publically available plaintext for anybody to authenticate as being written by Bob and b) encrypt some other secret ...
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Is original DSA a TEGTSS-I scheme?

Brickell et al. define TEGTSS-I scheme in paper "Design validations for discrete logarithm based signature schemes" In this paper original DSA is generalized as DSA-I variant where $r = g^k \bmod p \...
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Explanation and proof of a well-know probabilistic lemma

Pointcheval and Stern in their paper on "Security proofs for Signature Schemes" state the following "well-known" probabilistic lemma: Let $A \subset X \times Y$, such that $\mathrm{Pr}[A(x, y)] \...
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74 views

Detecting Encryption in Real-Time

Is there anyway to detect encryption in real-time through a common signature or pattern recognition. Say, a file is being encrypted using an AES-256 cipher, if I have access to the file stream - can ...