A stream cipher is an encryption algorithm which encrypts arbitrary length plaintext, using a key. Some stream ciphers generate a keystream from only the key, which is then XOR-combined with the plain text, others feed back plaintext or ciphertext into the algorithm to create the keystream.

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Output of a Linear Shift Register given Plaintext and intial state

Given an initial state $S_0 = (0101)$ and plaintext $P = 1010101011$ I need to find the ciphertext. The method to solve this was not taught in my coursework, and the information I have found online ...
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1answer
25 views

Audio Encryption in Voip SIP [closed]

I have some project encrypion real-time. I want use Voip SIP to implement the stream cipher. What I have done so far : Simple app android Voip SIP https://github.com/android/platform_development/...
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0answers
29 views

Simple Code Salsa20 in java [closed]

i am doing some simple research in cryptography. i need simple salsa20 in java without libr (in 1 class). can some one give me simple code to encryp and decryp plaintext from byte[] in java?
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1answer
25 views

Encrypt-then-MAC when encrypting data in multiple blocks

Given a stream cipher such as ChaCha20 and a MAC such as Poly1305, how do we handle data that comes in chunks in the encrypt-then-MAC scheme ? For example, the plaintext is 530 bytes long. We read ...
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1answer
34 views

Documents about ZUC

ZUC is a function that converts a string to another string. However, unlike a Hash function, ZUC converts a certain-length string to a any-length string. Can someone point me to its documentation or ...
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1answer
29 views

Why would a 3DES key decrypt one block, but not the next?

I'm trying to crack an encrypted data stream. It appears to be using a 64-bit 3DES key (as written in the application logs), and in fact using that key does correctly decrypt the first 64-bit packet ...
6
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1answer
64 views

How distinct are the meanings of the terms “CSPRNG,” “DRBG” and “stream cipher”?

Are there universal, consensus definitions for the following terms? Cryptographically secure pseudo-random number generator ("CSPRNG") Deterministic random bit generator ("DRBG") Stream cipher ...
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1answer
39 views

Synchronous Stream Cipher Problem

Hello I am facing a problem trying to solve this question in the picture. Does anyone know how to produce the mentioned 32-bits of the key stream? The plaintext in this case is ...
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1answer
36 views

Would A5/1 with a much larger state be a good choice of stream cipher for hardware?

Would A5/1 with a much larger state be a good choice of stream cipher for hardware? Assume that a reasonable choice of MAC is made such as GMAC, with the first 128 bits of the stream cipher output ...
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1answer
62 views

Is AES-CTR or ChaCha20 vulnerable to a time-memory trade off?

Is AES-CTR or ChaCha20 vulnerable to a time-memory trade-off attack? According to this paper it seems to be, which would put AES-CTR at a clearly breakable $2^{64}$ security level (for AES-128-CTR). ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Multiplexed stream cipher

Consider the stream cipher that consists of 3 LFSRs, with the output of one coming being used to determine which of the other 2 is used that clock cycle. Both the IV and the polynomials are secret. ...
0
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1answer
54 views

File using same key on XOR cipher. Using CBC [closed]

I have some files that are encrypted using an unknown key and it's using the CBC method to encrypt the files. When I XOR two files together the first two bytes are always the same, but different for ...
3
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0answers
107 views

How secure is $\operatorname{AES256}_{\operatorname{ECB}}(\operatorname{ChaCha20}(\text{plaintext}))$?

Suppose I encrypt a bytestream using ChaCha20, and then encrypt the resulting ciphertext using AES in ECB mode. How secure is the combination?
3
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1answer
50 views

Is there any IND-CPA secure stream cipher with a “standard” hardness assumption?

I've read our recent question: "One-time pad using RSA and Diffie-Hellman functions" which asks about the security of a particular way to convert RSA and discrete exponentiation into a stream cipher. ...
6
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2answers
92 views

Possible problems in using a hash algorithm to construct a stream cipher

I'll define an example hash-based stream cipher as such: $H: \{0,1\}^* \rightarrow \{0,1\}^{256}$ is the hash function. $K=\{0,1\}^{256}$ is the secret key. $N=\{0,1\}^{128}$ is the nonce. $C=\{0,1\}...
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0answers
37 views

How to provide mathematical proof of the security of a stream cipher against known attacks?

Suppose a person has invented a stream cipher and he/she wants to get it published. I have a few questions: In addition to providing detailed description of the algorithm, how would he/she give ...
4
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0answers
45 views

Can an analog of ChaCha with 64-bit words be defined, and would it be secure?

Blake2b has a lightning fast compression function with more-than-overkill security even against quantum attacks. It seems to be based on ChaCha, but with 64-bit words and different rotation constants....
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1answer
39 views

How many bits of plaintext are required to verify a stream cipher key?

If a stream cipher has an $n$-bit internal state, how many bits of known plaintext are required to confirm that particular key is the key? I believe that the answer is at least $n$-bit's of plaintext....
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0answers
32 views

Reykeyed AES in CTR mode as a stream cipher

Suppose one uses AES in CTR mode to generate a keystream, but every $l$ bytes the $n$ bits that would follow are used as a new AES key. Assuming that AES is a secure PRP: Is this a secure stream ...
0
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1answer
39 views

How would the opponent defraud this secure communication?

I am new in the cryptography and the information security problems, I try to understand things as much as I can and I know it's really complicated in the beginning. Considering the communication ...
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2answers
84 views

Does a stream cipher provide perfect secrecy?

From WAR10CK here: If I actually do create a machine using RC4 or AES-CTR and have a TRNG continually feed it a constant steady stream of random bits. Provided that the stream of bits is purged ...
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0answers
16 views

How does the speed of fast stream ciphers compare to non-cryptographic PRNGs?

Modern stream ciphers are so fast that I am wondering if they are good choices for non-cryptographic applications. Specifically, I am wondering how much slower optimized ChaCha8 or hardware-...
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1answer
53 views

Does XChaCha20 exist with similar properties to XSalsa20?

Does XChaCha20 (built from ChaCha20 just like XSalsa20 is built from Salsa20) exist and have XSalsa20's desirable properties?
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1answer
28 views

Generally accepted algorithm for two-pass, misuse-resistant AEAD that is efficient in software

I would like to know what the standard is for two-pass, nonce-misuse-resistant AEAD that is efficient in software. Thus, AES-SIV is excluded; modes based on a stream cipher like ChaCha20 are ...
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2answers
70 views

Misuse-resistant authenticated encryption based on SHA-3/Blake2b and AES-CTR/ChaCha20

I am wondering if the following is a useful misuse-resistant authenticated encryption scheme: Parameters (shared by many users): Choose a hash function $H$, such as Blake2 or Keccak. SHA2 could ...
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1answer
65 views

Hardware optimized stream ciphers?

As I understand it, ChaCha20 is slower than AES-CTR in hardware. Are there any hardware-optimized stream ciphers?
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1answer
40 views

Attacks on MICKEY 2.0 Stream Cipher

I would like to know if there are any known attacks, besides from side-channel attacks (differential fault attack, correlation power analysis, template attack), against MICKEY 2.0 or MICKEY-128 2.0. ...
4
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1answer
35 views

Can the backdoor in Dual_EC_DRBG be used to create a public key stream cipher?

Dual_EC_DRBG has the property that if $Q = e\cdot P$, someone who knows $e$ can break the PRNG. This seems to lead to a public-key stream cipher: Alice chooses a random $P, e$, where $P$ is a ...
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2answers
111 views

Classification of a stream cipher

How would one classify a stream cipher that is neither synchronous, nor self synchronizing? I would have thought asynchronous, but from all the sources I can find, asynchronous is synonymous with ...
3
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1answer
221 views

Any stream cipher with avalanche effect?

As far as I know, all stream ciphers work by generating a stream of pseudo random bytes, and XOR it with the plain text to get the cipher text. It has the property that one bit change in the cipher ...
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0answers
18 views

Are there known practical attacks on RC4-dropN? [duplicate]

RC4 is known to leak information about the first few bytes of the ciphertext due to keystream biases. However, are there known attacks on RC4-drop[N] where N is large enough, that leak information ...
5
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1answer
134 views

Can somebody help me understand RC4 Spritz? (Three Questions)

So ever since I first took a stab at understanding stream Ciphers, not one stood out more than RC4, because it's so fantastically simple. As most people reading this will know, with its fantastic ...
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Do we have anyway of knowing if avoiding self-permutation in RC4 makes it any stronger?

OK, so lots of questions get asked about RC4 but I want to make mine specific and hopefully answerable. RC4 Design as I'm sure anyone reading this knows, uses self permutation in stage 1 of the KSA. ...
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2answers
131 views

Hash functions vs Stream Ciphers in terms of Speed

We know that it's possible to create a hash using a stream cipher (for instance, RC4 or AES in Counter Mode). As stated here: "A Pseudo Random Generator (PRG) and a hash function are both Pseudo ...
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1answer
610 views

Why do stream ciphers use a nonce?

My question maybe will be stupid, but my problem is that I do not understand why stream ciphers need a key and also a nonce. As far as I understand, the keystream is generated with the nonce. The same ...
3
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0answers
86 views

Brute force attack multiple stream cipher

Assume that a scheme used to secure a specific system $Π=(Gen,Enc,Dec)$ which is thought have indistinguishable multiple encryption in the presence of an eavesdropper. For any adversary $A$ that can ...
4
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0answers
67 views

How to use a stream cipher to sign a message?

Are there known constructions which allow to sign a message M (let's say it will be sent as clear text) using a stream cipher C and a symmetric secret key K? So, we have M, C, K and we want to send M|...
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0answers
32 views

References for combining LFSRs with different lengths and taps? [closed]

I started learning streams ciphers with the use of LFSRs. Therefore, I tried to simulate what I am learning in a C sourcecode, which combines three registers and ...
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1answer
90 views

Is it interesting to design stream ciphers parametrized by a CSPRNG?

Would it be interesting to have new stream ciphers whose design is parametrized by a CSPRNG? I.e. to instantiate the stream cipher, you just have to select and plug in any CSPRNG of your choice.
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Why are there so many stream ciphers out there and even ongoing research?

What make them better than OTP using a CSPRNG initialized with a secret key?
3
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1answer
174 views

How to clock a linear feedback shift register?

I have some trouble understanding what happens when a LFSR is clocked. I have tried many examples but I do not get the correct result. Can anyone point out my errors? I have the following polynomial: ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Stream Ciphers and cycling questions

For all PRNGs (including CSPRNGs) lets say there is a sequence x, y, z, then when the PRNG cycles back to x, then the sequence following it will be exactly the same as before. Is this true for all ...
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1answer
45 views

Is this distributed OTP scheme secure?

This is for a distributed system: we don't want to have to maintain synchronization of random streams neither enforce uniqueness of pads because this would require some synchronization. Alice and Bob ...
1
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1answer
53 views

What is the significance of the Period of a Steam Cipher [duplicate]

If we only know the period of a Stream Cipher, let's say 150-200 bit in length, how can we use this information to attack a stream cipher? Taking a look at this link, What is the period of a cipher? ...
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0answers
32 views

What do we need to know in terms of plaintext/ciphertext, and how can we decrypt all ciphertext? [duplicate]

Let's say we have a cipher stream that we know has a period of 150-200bit in length. We don't know anything else about the stream cipher. If we wanted to decrypt all cipher text, what else do we ...
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0answers
41 views

Symmetric stream cipher, is it known?

I am thinking on a simple symmetric stream cipher. My first idea is the following: The key is a set of array of random bytes ($\underline{k}_1$ ... $\underline{k}_n$), whose length is $l_1$, $l_2$, ....
6
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2answers
82 views

How to propagate error in variable-sized message?

I want to design a scheme to encrypt a variable-length message with a secret key, to provide confidentiality. The message is a short human-readable text string with byte granularity, let's say under ...
2
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2answers
215 views

Question about the key in RC4

I am planning to develop a more secure version of the RC4 algorithm. Since I´m not an encryption expert, I´ld like you to help me find answers to the following questions: Does the value of the key ...
4
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2answers
211 views

Are all stream-ciphers IND-CPA?

A stream cipher usually generates a stream of pseudo-random bits which get XORed with the plaintext to form the ciphertext. The stream is generated using a given IV / nonce and a secret key. CTR-mode ...
5
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1answer
480 views

Dan Boneh's Cryptography lecture - problem with 802.11b

I am going through Dan Boneh's Cyprography lectures on Coursera. In Lecture 6 https://class.coursera.org/crypto-010/lecture/6 At 7:30 minutes, he discusses the problems with 802.11b design. I ...