2
votes
1answer
11 views

Could a crypto system that uses non-FIPS crypto but then upgrades complete to FIPS be FIPS certified?

I know most people around here (including myself) are anti-FIPS, but I have a FIPS related question. Could a crypto system that is not FIPS, e.g. one based on primitives like Curve25519, achieve FIPS ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Calculating Multiplicative Inverse for Rijndael S-box using EEA

I am currently learning, and I'm stuck on something that I thought is very simple. On many academic sources they suggest using Extended Euclidean Algorithm to calculate the multiplicative inverse for ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

How much pre-hashing a password increase security against brute force attack?

I am wondering how much hashing a password used as key for a symmetric key algorithm helps preventing brute force attack on crypted text. Let's assume I want to crypt text A using key B using ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Which is the most secure steganography technique?

Just like we have AES in crypotography, which is the most secure technique in Steganography? I am looking for a technique in which the standard image characteristic modifications it does go ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Can I reduce the MAC size in TLS?

The MAC size is reduced to 80 bits in truncated_hmac extension , which says "forging of MAC values cannot be done off-line: in TLS, a single failed MAC guess will cause the immediate termination of ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Software interface for KDF and PBKDF?

I'm working on an implementation of Krawczyk and Eronen HKDF from RFC 5869. From Krawczyk's original paper, he identifies four inputs to a KDF in Cryptographic Extraction and Key Derivation: The HKDF ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Philosophically elegant ways to implement a tabula recta

I'm working on a Python implementation of various classical crypto ciphers. I have various tabula recta ciphers: Vigenère, Beaufort, Variant Beaufort, Grönsfeld, Trithemius, Della Porta (not tabula ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Standards to be a good cipher

I'm not sure I even understand this site, but based on what I see, how can one tell if a cipher is a good one-at what level is it considered good?
0
votes
1answer
56 views

In what cases will RSA not work? [duplicate]

I know that there are cases when RSA will not work like when the number to feed into the system is greater than the modulus. I was wondering if there were any other cases when RSA won't work I looked ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

How to choose McEliece's parameters?

At the time of this writing, there are 3 sources for parameters for the McEliece public-key cryptosystem out there. The first paper is the original McEliece paper, which only specifies ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Implementations of Adi Shamir's ID Based signature scheme [on hold]

Are there any open source or commercial distributions of Adi Shamir's ID based signature scheme? If yes, could you please point?
-1
votes
0answers
28 views

rngtest results interpretation [on hold]

With: rng-tools version 2-unofficial-mt.14-1 Tested this C++ code: ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Question on Miller's algorithm (change the input m)

From the book titled " An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography" (Chapter 5,page 322), we know that the miller's algorithm returns a function $f_P$ whose divisor satisfies $$div(f_P) ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

What are the advantages of using OFB (Output Feedback Mode)? [on hold]

I have a problem with OFB mode, because I have heard that it is stronger than CFB.
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Question about keyed hash functions

Maybe the answer to my question is obvious, but I have doubt... I have noticed that hash functions are studied in two forms, keyed hash functions or unkeyed. In general, lecture notes present hash ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Parallel authentication of encrypted data. What AE type to choose?

I've got a system with a slow data transfer channel. Transferring a message through several channels does increase the transfer speed significatnly. AES-CBC+HMAC is good except that verifying the MAC ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Meaning of pseudocode “$(C, S):=$”

I've seen pseudocode of this form in the Montgomery Multiplication related theses: $(C, S) := a[j]*b[0]+C$. What's the meaning of "$(C, S):=$", or what is the real code that converted from this ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Does anyone still use BAN or GNY logic in practice?

I want to implement a simple protocol, and I'd like to verify it through BAN or GNY logic. I would assume that if these logics are still used that there would be some programs available that would ...
2
votes
3answers
68 views

Reasons for components of AES

I started reading "Cryptography: theory and practice" by Stinson, and I am trying to understand the reason behind the choices for the different components of AES since they seem quite arbitrary. In ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Working on subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}^*_p$ in practice

It is said that, given a group $\mathbb{Z}^*_p$, we can always have a subgroup whose order is prime. To this end, for a safe prime $p=2q+1$, compute $x_i^2 \bmod p$ for all $x_i \in \mathbb{Z}^*_p$. ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Is there any practical attack to create a printable chosen prefix MD5 collision?

I would like to create two ASCII text messages with the same MD5. Is this possible? If not, is there a similar but less strict attack that could work? Or to rephrase my last question: what are the ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Easy explanation of “IND-” security notions?

There are many schemes that can advertise themselves with certain security notions, usually IND-CPA or IND-CCA2, for example plain ElGamal has IND-CPA security but doesn't provide IND-CCA security. ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Does XTS provide random write access?

I'm trying to find a sufficient encryption mode that supports random read and write access. It seems like XTS is a perfect fit, since in my use case authentication and integrity insurance are handled ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Using password-based encryption as a hashing scheme

Classic scheme: Given password and hashing algorithm Generate salt Calculate ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

The encryption scheme is secure?

I have a scheme and I don't know that this scheme is semantic security or not. -Secret keys $\{s_1,s_2, x_1,x_2\}$ and public parameter $p$ (large prime number) -Encryption E(m): $C_1 = s_1m + x_1k ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What is the complexity for attacking 3DES in linear or differential cryptanalysis?

I know that 3DES is NOT vulnerable to DC , LC . But is it because the attacks requires too many input\output pairs ? Or because it's impossible ? (i.e requires more than 2^64 pair )
0
votes
0answers
20 views

RSA: If I sign the same digest with same key twice, will the signatures be identical? [duplicate]

If I don't have public keys to verify the signature, can I use this to discover that two signing services are using the same key? Can you send a reference?
1
vote
2answers
56 views

Inner product with homomorphic encryption

I want to do a very simple thing: Given two vectors, I want to encrypt them and do some calculation, then decrypt the result and get the inner product between both vectors. Can you recommend me ...
5
votes
2answers
135 views

Is standardizing a modified AES a good idea?

"Recently" the Ukraine standardized a new block cipher Kalyna, which according to the abstract of this paper (warning: the paper contains a lot of test-vectors) is basically a modified version of AES. ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

What is a man-in-the-middle attack (for instance in Diffie-Hellman)?

I'm new to cryptography and I just started learning about the Diffie-Hellman key agreement. I read that this system is vulnerable to a man-in-the-middle attack when used alone. What kind of attack is ...
2
votes
2answers
698 views

I hashed my bag and in it I put… “Is there a hash for unordered items?”

(By items I mean hashable objects.) As an example (with obviously way too short hashes for readability), say I packed my bag and in it I put a shovel (hashed to ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Pseudo Random Function

The definition of pseudo randomness that leads to pseudo random function talks about indistingishability of a key-ed function and a random function. i.e. The key-ed function family $\{F_k\}$ is PRF ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Suggestion : CRC vs SHA1

I need some suggestions about the use of the CRC in my application. I need to be sure about the BIOS run by the CPU. I have a FPGA between the BIOS flash and the CPU that sniff every read performed by ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Why should the input value on a DPA attack be non-constant?

I actually was wondering if anyone could help me out with the following problem: Let's assume we are attacking the first SubBytes() operation on AES with the help ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

what do you mean by cost in encryption? [on hold]

What do you generally mean by cost of an encryption algorithm? how are they computed and how to compare the cost of two encryption algorithms?
3
votes
1answer
71 views

How often does RSA-OAEP have a leading zero?

We are working with a third party vendor who is very tight lipped about their security protocols, and one of our customers who used this vendor's products is claiming that approximately one in every ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Theoretical Mathematics & Cryptography [on hold]

I read in Bruce Schneier's book ,"Applied Cryptography", that cryptographers need to study theoretical mathematics in order to be good at their job. Why is that?
1
vote
3answers
52 views

Is this client-side password hash scheme secure?

I want to build an app that uses client-side encryption for storing encrypted data on the server. A user-specific master key would be used, so to easily share it between devices a encrypted version of ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Creating disk image of encrypted disk [migrated]

I'm Fedora 21 user for some time and I'd like to create disk image to escape installing everything over again when something fails. I have encrypted storage and that fact makes me wonder. How do I do ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Does authenticated encryption add any protection to a signed digital envelope?

The general scenario of hybrid encryption is to use public key cryptography for the exchange of a one time session key that can be used for the encryption of the plaintext with a symmetric encryption ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Cryptographic Disk wiping with quantum random data?

I was thinking about using 4 Quantum Random Number Generators working at the same time to create a secure disk wiping system. Basically feed the random bits into to an approved DRBG then through an ...
2
votes
5answers
3k views

“123456” and “password” as crack standards

I know that when we encrypt, we use standard encryption technologies and to store data it's often stored as a hash. By encrypting a common password, for example "password" using ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

What is SRP-Z from?

The Stanford license for SRP says: Broader use of the SRP authentication technology, such as variants incorporating the use of an explicit server secret (SRP-Z), may require a license; yet ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

Why do some programming language API's not support private key passwords? [migrated]

Two questions: I've recently started building a basic Go web-server, and noticed that the API for starting a TLS web-server does not support a symmetrically encrypted private RSA key. The API is ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Fast mental encryption algorithm? [duplicate]

Are there any algorithms that exist to encode messages written with pen and paper such that the messages can be encrypted/decrypted mentally? For example, Bob thinks of the text "This is my ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

BKSQ Block Cipher implementation [closed]

has anyone a working implementation of BKSQ block cipher? (preferably in c)
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Proving membership of a group without revealing identity

I have an interesting problem for which I've failed, so far, to find an elegant solution. Imagine that a user needs to repeatedly prove to public observers that they are a member of a trusted set ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Simulation aborted because the adversary doesn't use the random oracle

I'm trying to construct a proof for an encryption scheme in the Random Oracle model. This encryption scheme is like a PKE scheme but with an additional function that kind of "alters" ciphertexts ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

EdDSA Signature Algorithm - hash of secret key

Why does EdDSA use the (SHA512) hash of the secret key as the exponent for the public key rather than using the secret key value directly? This seems inefficient and I can't see how it adds any extra ...
3
votes
2answers
45 views

Source for PKCS#11 Header Files

Is there a known authoritative source for the ANSI C header files for PKCS#11 Cryptoki? Specifically, I am having trouble locating pkcs11.h, pkcs11t.h, and pkcs11f.h for v2.30 and v2.40. Are there ...

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