All Questions

190 views

Pohlig-Hellman exponentiation block cipher

Let $G$ be a group of order $n$ and let $e,d$ be integers such that $ed\equiv 1 \pmod{n}$. Then the exponentiation maps $x \mapsto x^e$ and $y \mapsto y^d$ are inverse maps on $G$. These maps give us ...
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Is it possible to modify SSL handshakes to enable PFS while still using RSA during the handshake?

I know we could possibly be using DH key exchange, that would enable PFS. However, what if we make modifications on our SSL 3.0 handshake such that the only cipher we use is RSA for the achieving PFS? ...
158 views

Where can I find examples of ECC implemented in VHDL?

I am looking into implementing ECDSA signature and ECDH key agreement in a Xilinx FPGA. All the examples I have found of VHDL implementations skip over how to construct the low level ECC primitives ...
82 views

Can you provide an example in relation to Hidden Field Equations Multivariate?

I'm reading about Hidden Field Equations Multivariate scheme. My lecture states that the central map is a univariate polynomial $$P(X)=\sum_{i=0}^{r-1}\sum_{j=0}^{r-1}p_{ij}x^{q^i+q^j} \in K[X]$$ ...
267 views

Is there any analysis of freebsd's “geli” encrypted geometry provider?

I've done a few obvious searches on google and google scholar and not turned up any security analysis of FreeBSD's geli. Is there some out there, or has it gone unanalyzed since its introduction ...
364 views

What is the chance of a collision when using SHA-3?

I currently am writing a web app and am using two random hashes that are before and after the string and are both 50 char long (alphabet, numbers, and special chars). ...
102 views

$\phi$ function in Dual_EC_DRBG

I am trying to understand the operation of the Dual_EC_DRBG. I'm reading the formal specification (SP 800-90) and can't seem to find a definition of the $\phi$ function used throughout the definition ...
48 views

Can you clarify the proof that secure LR-two party protocols do not exist?

In the paper “Multiparty Computation Secure Against Continual Memory Leakage” on pg. 1237, the footnote #1 discuss why it is not possible to construct a leakage resilient two-party protocol. But I'm ...
75 views

How can user privacy be preserved in certificateless cryptography?

In certificateless cryptography, how can a user preserve his privacy from Key Generation Center? If the KGC becomes malicious, how can the user's privacy be preserved? I read "Privacy-Preserving ...
184 views

What would make it impossible to deny that decryption of a package has taken place?

I'm part of a team designing a system where a user have to be able to read a certain package, if he has preformed an action or series of actions that makes it legal for him to do so. The tricky part ...
54 views

TCR hash functions from MD5

I'm reading Collision-Resistant Hashing: Towards Making UOWHFs Practical (pag. 10 and 11) and here say The most direct way to construct a TCR hash function is to key a function like MD5 or SHA-1. ...
25 views

Why does a joint leakage MPC protocol not directly apply to a disjoint leakage requirement?

In the paper "Multiparty Computation Secure Against Continual Memory Leakage" on pg. 1239 the footnote at the bottom points out the difference between $joint$ leakage and $disjoint$ leakage. The ...
191 views

Best group if one wants the discrete log problem to be hard?

Suppose one is implementing a cryptographic scheme over a group where one needs the discrete logarithm to be hard - what is the recommended group to use? I'm looking for a group where calculations are ...
112 views

Unblind a RSA blinded signature

I have blinded $m = 16$ with $r= 13$, $e = 7$ and $n = 209$. This resulted in $m' = 464$, which led to a $s' = 8$. Now, I want to unblind this $s'$ by using $s = s' \times r^{-1}$ but im stuck at ...
53 views

AES and Known-plaintext attack [duplicate]

Can you help me to finding some papers that shows AES is secure against known-plaintext attack?
99 views

Creating a secure key

Imagine that your lecturer and the undergraduate office have conducted a key exchange protocol after which both of them hold the string $X$. Yet, it is possible that a curious student sitting next to ...
39 views

Computing A, B given A+K and B+K [duplicate]

In his writeup of the Solitaire keystream generator algorithm, Bruce Schneier warns not to use the same key for two different messages: The first rule of an output-feedback mode stream cipher, any ...
101 views

What scheme will allow merging and splitting the result of a function?

I am wondering if it's possible to have a scheme as follows. Here is the scenario: we have a set of objects (e.g. strings) {O1, O2, ..., On} we have a set of users {U1, U2, ..., Um} each user asks ...
134 views

Perfect secrecy over Stirling numbers

For all $c_0\leftarrow m_0 \oplus k$ there exists a $k'$ such that $c_1 \leftarrow m_1 \oplus k'$, where $m_0 \neq m_1$ and $c_0 = c_1$. Assuming a truly random $k$, the first assignment is a ...
104 views

Could MITM securely identify identity?

Consider protocol like QUIC or MinimaLT which are essentially layer4 replacement for TCP/UDP (riding on top of UDP currently because of fear of random firewalls dropping new L4 protocol). From crypto ...
36 views

39 views

How does a cracker know if they've broken AES-CBC encryption? [duplicate]

How does a cracker know if they've broken CBC or stream encryption? With hashe cracking one would know because you have the password that you started with to test. But for CBC decryption, you have a ...
148 views

The “Square Root” Solution of Oblivious RAM Simulation

I am reading the paper Software Protection and Simulation on Oblivious RAMs by Oded Goldreich and Rafail Ostrovsky. And I wonder about the description of the "Square Root" solution of oblivious RAM ...
488 views

Keepass Twofish plugin security

Keepass is a well known open-source password manager program, with plugin support. One of the offered plugin is a twofish encryption mode of operation in lieu of the build-in AES algorithm ...
128 views

Can anyone explain most popular RSA attacks like I'm 5?

Suppose I implement RSA myself in C and I use just the formulas from number theory. What attacks would my implementation be vulnerable to? Can anyone explain this to me like I'm 5?
173 views

split up sha256 hash and compare indiv block results

We have a h/w accelerator in our SoC and it can do sha256. The restrictions are it's input descriptors (which defines the input packet and len) must not straddle 64K boundary. When it does we can ...