-1
votes
3answers
96 views

Could I use an hashing function for Symmetric encryption? [duplicate]

I know there are way better and more tested encryption methods, but I was wondering if the following code could be use for symmetric encryption? ...
-1
votes
1answer
169 views

How to bring little changes in DES algorithm

I thought of implementing DES modes of operation as a project...But my guide asked to change or to modify the DES algorithm in such a way to overcome drawbacks of DES...So is there any way to do ...
-1
votes
2answers
319 views

Shamir Secret sharing - Can share generator keep x values secret?

I'm wondering, in Shamir secret sharing, can generator of the shares, keep the x values which are used in evaluating the polynomial to obtain y values (i.e., the shares) secret, and whenever the ...
-1
votes
3answers
223 views

How to judge if my work is meaningful in cryptography? [closed]

Suppose I have generated a new cryptographical result - for example a new cryptographical primitive, or a cryptanalytic attack. How can I find out whether this result is meaningful (significant)? If ...
-1
votes
2answers
534 views

Open source implementations of Symmetric Searchable Encryption and Order Preserving Encryption [closed]

Are there open source implementations of SSE and OPE? Can anyone please point to sample codes, if available. EDIT If cryptDB is not an option, what other options are available? (Indeed, these ...
-1
votes
3answers
394 views

how much is secure to encrypt a password using itself (as encryption key) for storing it on a unsecure media?

I want to store a password securely on a storage (suppose in a usual unencrypted file). I use this password as AES key to encrypt itself (using AES-ECB) & then store it on the media (the password ...
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Why is factoring $p-1$ easy when $p$ is a safe prime?

A paper states: [...] $(p,g,y)$ is a correct ElGamal public key if $g^x=y\in\mathbb G$. To verify this the order of $g$, and thus the factorization of $p-1$, is needed. This is easy for safe ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

Why is g is less than p in Diffie-Hellman?

In non-authenticated DH, p and g are made as public record. p needs to be a large prime number and g should be smaller than p. Why does g need to be smaller than p?
-1
votes
1answer
73 views

Base64 for a hash algorithm [closed]

May be a silly question, but I am really curious. If a hash algorithm uses Base64 in the process of hashing a string for example, it is still considered a hash algorithm, even though it uses an ...
-1
votes
1answer
138 views

Burn after read algorythm. Software verification on compromised environment. Software smart card

Please help me pick right design of software… I have to design client-server software, where the server should verify that the client runs software from specific source code. It has to be verifiable ...
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

How to keep phi(n) secret in RSA?

As we know, RSA cryptosystem have both private key(a,p,q) and public key(b,n), by chinese remainder theorem and fermat's little theorem, we know that the importance of keep p and q secret, and from ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

modulus condition [closed]

In RSA algorithm, the modulus $n$ should be chosen based on the below condition $2^{8(k-1)} \leqslant n < 2^{8k}$ Where $k$ is the byte length of the modulus $n$. for this condition I want the ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Store user passwords in database using Java Application

I want to store user's password details in Database. My project is in Java. I want to know the best way of storing passwords and other important information like user data.
-1
votes
1answer
193 views

Homomorphic encryption based on XOR

Consider the values $a$ and $b$ are encrypted as $c_1=(a \oplus D)$ and $c_2=(b \oplus D)$. My question is: can we derive $b+a$ from any combination of $c_1$ and $c_2$? Note: I admit that the ...
-1
votes
1answer
105 views

Help deciphering caesar cipher [closed]

I have to to find the shift value and the message for the following caesar cipher. OC_VAWDGPM_VHWTVX_VXJOCVZ_GDX_MWO_VWIZVYGWIZ_NODI_ I have already tried it and with the shift value of 21 i get the ...
-1
votes
2answers
105 views

Journals to read in order to keep up to date with interesting research [closed]

I'd love suggestions from crypto.stack as to academic journals to read. They can range from introductory to advanced, as long as it's free (requires no access fees). Feel free to edit this question ...
-1
votes
2answers
941 views

Decrypting Triple-DES using 2 keys in crypto tools

I'm currently working on crypto tools to encrypt/decrypt 4 blocks of messages using Triple-DES with 2 keys. So, I've reached the final cipher text, but now I have to do the reverse and get the ...
-1
votes
1answer
207 views

Understanding multiplication in the AES specification

I am reading through the AES specification and am not able to wrap my head around the multiplication definition (section 4.2). Sorry to refer to a spec but AES is the holy grail in crypto so I hope ...
-1
votes
1answer
75 views

$f : \mathbb{Z}_n \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^\times_n$?

Is there any function $f : \mathbb{Z}_n \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^\times_n$ that is invertible? By invertible, I mean it given $y \in \mathbb{Z}^\times_n$, it should be easy to find $x \in \mathbb{Z}_n$ ...
-1
votes
2answers
167 views

What are the weaknesses of this message exchange protocol?

Here is a protocol for a key exchange: Bob encrypts a message $m$ with his key $K_B$: $m_1 = E_{K_B}(m)$. Bob send the result $m_1$ to you. Alice encrypts my encrypted above message with her own ...
-1
votes
1answer
199 views

What length should the padding be when encrypting or signing with RSA?

I am wondering what length the padding should be when encrypting or signing with RSA. Does it matter what length the padding is, and if so — what length should it be? Another point: Should it be ...
-1
votes
1answer
754 views

Is it possible to crack a blowfish 256 bits encrypted file? [closed]

I have a file of my own that I have encrypted using Coder-Abi. Now, I can just remember part of this password. So, would it be possible (much easier) for me to crack it knowing only part of it? I can ...
-1
votes
1answer
327 views

Recovering SHA1 knowing 2/3 of the hash generated

I am doing some research on cryptography, so I generated a random string of numbers resembling a creditcard number(according to MOD10 validation) and encrypted it with SHA1 algorithm for encryption. ...
-1
votes
1answer
224 views

Why RC4 used constant 24bits for initial vector

Why RC4 used 24-bits constant value + 40 bits random values to generate key?
-1
votes
1answer
218 views

data structure of random / compressed data

can anybody explain to me what data structure results after data is compressed? I just try to find out the difference between random data and compressed data, the entropy of both is very high while ...
-1
votes
1answer
66 views

Is the Vigenère Cryptosystem malleable? [closed]

Is the Vigenère Cryptosystem malleable, and how can we prove that it is (or it is not) malleable?
-1
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the translation for “hash” in french? [closed]

I am doing a French presentation on basic cryptography, and the generation of random numbers. Most terms are easily translatable, but I can't seem to find a word for hash, as in cryptographic hashing, ...
-1
votes
2answers
196 views

Vigenere ciphertext encrypted with another vigenere cipher

I have been learning about Vigenere ciphers and then thought of this scenario: if a cryptographer encrypts a plaintext English message with a Vigenere cipher and then another cryptographer, who wants ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

Keccak and compression functions

Keccak follows a sponge construction. Can we say that Keccak employs a compression function? Generally speaking, for sponge constructions, can we say that there is an underlying compression function? ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

Textbook RSA with exponent e=3 [duplicate]

I remember $e=3$ is a bad choice for textbook RSA. But I can't really recall why. What happens if I choose $e=3$? Can I retrieve the message by simply calculating $\sqrt[3]{c}$? Why can't I do that ...
-1
votes
1answer
117 views

How to calculate bit strength of Integer Factorization Cryptography (IFC) such as RSA using Python

I would like to know how to calculate the bit-strength of Integer Factorization Cryptography (IFC) such as RSA by using Python. I gathered it is based off the complexity of factorizing the modulus ...
-1
votes
1answer
142 views

Abstract algebra in cryptography [closed]

I have taken a course in my undergraduate on the theory part of abstract algebra.Now am interested to know how can abstract algebra be applied to cryptography.Thanks
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

Is less security required for a short stream cipher than for the AES enciphering of very long messages? [closed]

Criticisms of a cipher system such as 'the ciphertext from one message must be indistinguishable from the ciphertext of a second message" surely only apply when there are very large amounts of ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

Meet in the middle attack - message and key

I clearly understand the story of Alice and Bob: Alice and Bob are going to use double DES. They know the keys K1 and K2. Alice sends to Bob the encrypted message c= EK1(EK2(m)). Bob decrypts the ...
-1
votes
1answer
342 views

Is the random data at the end of my decrypted message supposed to be there?

This is my PKCS#5 & AES/ECB Python 3.3 code: ...
-1
votes
3answers
660 views

Block Cipher vs Stream Cipher in Web Application [closed]

I'm doing research about "Cryptographic attack methods in Web Application" so I have some questions to ask you guys: Block Cipher vs Stream Cipher, which is more common used in Web Application? How ...
-1
votes
1answer
233 views

What are some of the major differences between PyNaCl and PyCrypto? [closed]

It seems like one can generate keys and encrypt data with both libraries. Is one better than the other? Do they attempt to solve different problems? Is one more secure than the other?
-1
votes
2answers
244 views

Perfect Secrecy, two Definitions

I'm reading the proof of the implication "Def 2.1 $\Rightarrow$ Def 2.4" in these slides about Adversarial Indistinguishability and Perfectly-Secret Encryption. I have a doubt in the slide 10. Here it ...
-1
votes
2answers
352 views

Why this k parameter is in unary in adversary PPT algorithm? [duplicate]

While reading some text on cryptography, I found that algorithm $A$, that the adversary (called Eve by convention) runs to break the cipher message, needs two parameters, candidate message ($y$) and ...
-1
votes
2answers
375 views

Strong encryption done by hand [duplicate]

One of the distinguishing features of a good encryption algorithm, is that it is easy to encrypt, and hard to crack. Are there any that are easy enough for average folk to remember, and calculate by ...
-1
votes
2answers
912 views

Where to store the private key and the public key in a communication protocol

I want to create a simple secured connection protocol over TCP/IP. I just want to connect from my mobile device to a server securely. Firstly I thought to use an SSL connection, but I changed my ...
-1
votes
1answer
199 views

Because the algorithm is known, it is no longer a trade secret [closed]

In wiki about RC4 cipher they said, Because the algorithm is known, it is no longer a trade secret. Is that mean the cipher text will be more secure if the algorithm unknown to the attacker. ...
-1
votes
2answers
187 views

What is the advantage of an attacker over breaking a 4 digits PIN?

When a hardware system is protected by a 4 digits password, what is the advantage of the attacker into breaking that system? Isn't it $10*10*10*10=10^{4}$? If $\frac{1}{10^{4}}$ is the cost of such ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

subgroup of quadratic residue

if a number is said to be a subgroup of a quadratic residue of Z∗p, can I affirm that it is a generator of a cyclic group ? ie, say i am looking for a number which is an element of order q in Z*p, ...
-1
votes
1answer
79 views

Is a Combined Linear Congruential Generator secure for cryptography? [closed]

I learnt that a Combined Linear Congruential Generator (cLCG) has better properties than a Linear Congruential Generator (LCG). For those who don't know what a cLCG is, here are three links that might ...
-1
votes
1answer
58 views

Issue about randomness : what if random looks “human” ? [closed]

I read a lot of stuffs about entropy/randomness. But what if a random generator (either digits or strings) once output a "human" patern ? I know it is very unlikely to happen, but if a random code ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Meaning of Multiplicative Group to the power n i.e. Z^n [closed]

What does $Z_q^n$ mean in this notation?      References: on the 2nd paragraph of page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_with_errors
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

what is SALSA20 Nonce and its requirements [duplicate]

what is the source of nonce in SALSA20 algorithm. basically who provides the value of nonce in SALSA20 algorithm
-1
votes
2answers
86 views

Output of a Feistel network with all “0” round function

What is the output of an r-round Feistel network when the input is $(L_0, R_0)$ and each round function outputs all 0s, regardless of the input?
-1
votes
1answer
88 views

Is One Time Pad something like this? [closed]

Alphabet: [A-Z] = [0-25] Plaintext = HELLO = 7 4 11 11 14 // QUESTION: do this key must be as long as plaintext? KEY: [QWERT] KEY = 16 23 4 17 19 Plaintext + Key = 23 27 15 28 33 Plaintext + Key ...

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