# All Questions

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### Digital identification using steganography, can it be broken?

Digital identification using steganography, can it be broken? I have read a few articles saying that using an I.D. embedded in video, audio, etc can help track down the origin of a copyright ...
2k views

### Good entropy source for generating openssl keys

I need to generate a CA (4096-bit RSA) and server keys for openvpn and I want them to be "top quality". Here is my plan: gather entropy from multiple sources (saving individual files): FreeBSD ...
602 views

### Why do these Python XTEA implementations require different deltas?

I once needed to an XTEA snippet to from C++ to Python and it did not work properly. I then found a function on ActiveState.com and noticed that it looks almost exactly like mine, with one exception - ...
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### Is the following authentication protocol insecure?

I am a student taking cryptography this semester. I was just wondering why can't we use this simple protocol? Alice → Open Connection → Bob Alice ← Cert$_b$ ← Bob Alice → {K$_{AB}$}$_{Bob}$ → Bob ...
577 views

### RSA Encryption and Signature - Weak Padding

Assume that I have an plaintext $m$ and it is padded with $randompad||00||m$ and then it is encrypted with RSA and a public encryption key so we get the encrypted $Sm$. Then to assure its integrity ...
298 views

### Unforgeability and type of adversary

When trying to prove security of asymmetric signature, for instance for existential (or strong) unforgeability against chosen messages attack, do we need to consider the signer as a possible ...
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### Can I use the cipher text ouput of only one DES rotation as plaintext to check validity?

I have made a python code for one DES rotation. Can I use the resulting cipher text as a plain text for the same rotation with the same key? I think the answer is no, I can't do so. But I need to be ...
674 views

### RSA Signature Weak Padding Attack

Assume that we have a message $m$ of size $n$, and it is padded with two 01 bytes in front. Then the signature $s$ is computed using a private key $ks$. Can we ...
7k views

### What is the difference between CSPRNG and PRNG?

What is the difference between CSPRNG and PRNG? Is there performance differential between them? For example: We use PRNG for key generation which is very expensive and CSPRNG for IV/nonce in block ...
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### What vulnerabilities would open up if PGP authentication didn't have integrity checking?

It is my understanding that PGP has both an integrity check and an authentication check. What vulnerabilities would open up if it didn't have that integrity check? It seems like the authentication ...
3k views

### Zero knowledge proof protocol example?

Alice is color blind. She never knows if her gloves are matched. Her brother Bob always teases her saying her gloves are mismatched and she should go change them. Alice wants to know if ...
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### What is the best (thoroughly covering) textbook for application of LFSRs in cryptography? [closed]

What is the best (thoroughly covering) textbook for application of LFSRs in cryptography? (Beside Cipher Systems by Beker & Piper)
3k views

### Is a Mersenne-twister cryptographically secure if I truncate the output?

I want to create an online roulette game. Is it OK if the PRNG is seeded only once, when the user starts the game, or is it recommended to re-seed sometimes during game? Maybe just seeded once a day ...
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### Why are the lower 3 bits of curve25519/ed25519 secret keys cleared during creation?

I am currently experimenting with ed25519 and I noticed that on secret key creation, bit 254 is always set and the lower 3 bits are always cleared. I found that bit 254 is always set to protect ...
1k views

### Is this the mathematical equation for the Vigenere Cipher

Is this the mathematical equation for the Vigenere Cipher or something else and if something else what is it? Where t is the letter of plain text and n is the position of t within the text and c is ...
63 views

### Type A Curves of Supersinglular

In the Type A curve used in Pairing based Cryptography, what is meant by sign0 & sign1 in the expression below? ...
143 views

### Private Messaging

Suppose Alice and Bob wants to send messages through Sue without revealing to Eve that the exchange took place. Slightly more formally, I don't want Eve to have any advantage telling if Alice is ...