2
votes
4answers
134 views

Computation indistinguishability questions

The definition I have is: Two probability ensembles $X = \{X_n\}_{n \in \mathbf{N}}$ and $X = \{Y_n\}_{n \in \mathbf{N}}$ are computationally indistinguishable if for every probabilistic ...
1
vote
3answers
70 views

Sage Vs C++(with NTL) for implementing cryptosystems

Is Sage a better alternative to C++(with NTL), for programming that involves math objects like polynomial rings in cryptosystems? I hear that Sage is an open source alternative to Magma. I have used ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Power analysis and exponentiation by squaring

I am trying to understand how one can retrieve the secret exponent via a simple power analysis. Lets suppose that the exponentiation by squaring algorithm is implemented in its simplest form : ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

PGP String to Key specifiers

I've been reading through the PGP Standard and here I'm a little confused. This section is discussing converting string data to a session key. I'm confused about the paragraph in bold. First off, what ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Is there any existing cipher capable of scaling from a 1 bit key up to a one-time-pad?

We have ciphers that handle small amounts of entropy, such as a 256 bit key for AES; and we have one time pads for enciphering 1:1 entropy, such as a 1GB key for a 1GB file if you could ever harvest ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

General questions about cryptography for password security

I'm pretty new to this and find it quite interesting, but my brain won't process how it works so I have to ask some questions :) Why is cryptography used? Is it for extra security once the password ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Remove padding (CBC) from decrypted text

I have a bit problem with padding. Everything goes fine when I encrypt the text BUT when I decrypt I see some extra characters. Sometime's one character sometimes more and I dont know how to remove ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

Cryptosystems used to generate public key certificate

Where can we find the cryptosystems used to generate public key certificate? Are the cryptosystems under the signature algorithm and signature hash algorithm? Do I need to analyze the packets ...
-1
votes
2answers
145 views

Encryption algorithm designed to be easy to decrypt by machine but impractical to decrypt by hand

I am looking for - or considering the design of a new - encryption algorithm that does not use variable keys, such that it is easy for a computer to encrypt and decrypt any message regardless of its ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Standard serialization format for libsodium-based messages

Does anyone know of a standardized serialization format which can be (or already is) widely used for encrypted messages? For a variety of reasons (mostly complexity, age and poor support across a lot ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Linear Recurrence, keystreams, and periods

I am trying to understand the following problem: Consider the following linear recurrence over $Z_2$ of degree four: $z_{i+4} = (z_{i+3} + z_{i+2} + z_{i+1} + z_{i}) \bmod 2$ i >= 0. ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Why would using a random seed with other variables be bad for ecrypting if you can't guess the key?

I asked this on stack exchange with it being code based, but someone suggested to ask here. Basically, I've done a script in python and wanted an option to encrypt the input, but I couldn't get any ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

How many attempts does it take to crack a 32-bit password hash with this scenario?

How many attempts does it take to crack (match) a 32-bit password hash from a database of 4 million password hashes? Correct me if I'm wrong, but to crack a 32-bit password hash would take roughly ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

What prime lengths are used for RSA?

Let's assume we have an RSA 2048 that was produced by two primes multiplication. What is the digit's difference in those 2 factors? For example one prime is 1024 digits and second one 1024 or, one is ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Decryption of message in IBE without random oracle using bilinear pairig reg

I find the following IBE scheme from the videos posted and i don't understand the decryption algorithm, will any one please elaborate the 6th step scheme S(λ) : (G, GT , g ,P) <-- ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Java RSA Padding: no libraries used

I'm trying to implement RSA without using any java libraries using the algorithm from wikipedia HERE So, anyone can clearly see that it is a raw RSA, and can directly be attacked. The question is ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Negative exponents in Shoup's threshold RSA?

I'm trying to implement threshold RSA operations, starting with decryption based on Peeters, R., Nikova, S., & Preneel, B. (2008). Practical RSA Threshold Decryption for Things That Think. ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Security aspects of using a global values as nonce and additional data for AES?

is it a good idea to use global values as nonce / additional data? What problems can occur? What should be take in account when we deal with such parameters for encryption. Thanks
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Practical Attack on RSA

Currently I am designing an RSA based application, and I am thinking of how long should the key be in order to be secure against attacks. I know that RSA 4096 bit key can be recovered using Sound ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Is adaptive security the same as full security?

This question contains a great answer about adaptive security, but I haven't yet found a proper definition what full security is. Does a stronger security than adaptive security exist or are the two ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Asymmetric sign in public enviroment

I have RTS game, where all players run game and server just relays messages. Game can generate and store text file on player pc. I want to allow some players to be moderators, so I need to sign or ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

How to establish if a string contains a message

If you have a string S, then the string can be composed of four things: cleartext 'random' data encrypted data compressed or otherwise non-encrypted, but modified, cleartext If you want to see if ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

plaintext distribution ,perfect secrecy cryptosystem

I have been trying to solve the next problem: let pi be a perfect secrecy cryptosystem with specific plaintext probability distribution. How to prove pi will have perfect secrecy for all other ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Blowfish ECB mode: Tools for known-plaintext attack?

I'm currently dealing with multiple blowfish-encrypted files that share the same key. All are encrypted using ECB mode judging from their appearance. I don't know what the key is but I know 64 byte ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Why is there an extra block when encrypting?

I am passing input data 20 bytes long and java AES-CBC returns 48 bytes instead of 32 which is what I think it should output because of padding. My key is 16 bytes long. ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Cryptography system that limits the length of the encypted message

I have two devices which communicate via sms. This communication should now be encrypted. The devices can only send messages with the lenght of 160 characters. So i am looking for an encryption ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

FEAL-4 Fk Function 4 Rounds

As I understood in FEAL-4 it needs 4 pair of round keys. Which means that we need to launch Fk function 4 times, but the problem occures on the 2nd round. At first round we have original 64 bits key ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

HMAC-Ripemd-160 in TrueCrypt

I'm wondering if it is still secure. I know TrueCrypt closed its doors but I continue using it because the cryptoaudit didn't find any huge bugs or security issues in TrueCrypt. But I have a bad ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Problem with implementing DES in python

i'm implementing DES in python and i've stumbled upon a problem i can't really find the problem, after debugging it i narrowed it down to this function, can anyone tell me if i'm implementing the DES ...
-1
votes
1answer
98 views

Cracking plain RSA by factoring the modulus n

This is the setup: I have both public and private keys of one "instance" of RSA. And I have only the public key of another RSA cryptosystem, but this system has the same modulus as the first one. I ...
-1
votes
1answer
160 views

How does hash function in Elgamal signature scheme prevent existential forgery attack?

I have heard that hashing the message M prevents an existential forgery attack. I was wondering how.
-1
votes
1answer
206 views

Collision resistant hash functions

Let (Gen1,H1) and (Gen2,H2) be two hash functions. Define (Gen,H) so that Gen runs Gen1 and Gen2 to obtain keys s1 and s2, respectively. Then define Hs1,s2(x)=Hs1(x)||Hs2(x). a) Prove that if at ...
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

Isn't Groth-Sahai proof system applicable beyond Bilinear groups?

Classical paper by Groth-Sahai on NIZK proof system is titled as "Efficient Non-interactive Proof Systems for Bilinear Groups". To my understanding, only (Pairing Product Equation) PPE are defined ...
-1
votes
1answer
149 views

What does it mean that a protocol realizes “strong mutual authentication”?

What does it mean that a protocol realizes "strong mutual authentication"? And What does it mean that a protocol realizes "weak mutual authentication"? Can you define them formally ? I have found a ...
-1
votes
1answer
109 views

How is a Yubikey static password derived from the AES key?

When I configure a Yubikey slot as static, it's not documented or obvious how the static password yielded by a press relates to the AES key I set. For example: ...
-1
votes
1answer
117 views

Attacking both authenticity and secrecy in authenticated encryption modes

looks like NIST only approved GCM mode for authenticated encryption and other modes don't have any approval or a good implementation available. Is that possible a weakness in $GHASH$ compromise ...
-2
votes
1answer
97 views

simple encryption scheme turns out to be “somewhat homomorphic”

In the paper Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the Integers in the introduction: How do I calculate $r$ and $q$ of this equation in the picture? $r \approx 2^{\sqrt{\eta}}$ and $q \approx ...
-2
votes
1answer
52 views

How does the signature checking work in DKIM?

As far as I understand DKIM works like this: DKIM is not used to encrypt anything, the only purpose is to mark mails that are not really sent from the claimed domain as spam. the DKIM-enabled ...
-3
votes
1answer
88 views

Is there an encryption that is only reversible with a key?

I'm thinking about man-in-the-middle attacks during a website login, and started wondering about reversible encryption. What I'm imagining is an encryption that takes input ...
-5
votes
1answer
20 views

encryption of message “DATACONFANTIALITY” with key playfair using playfair cipher

actually i have solved the above mentioned problem but i want to check weather it is correct or not. my question is that how to encrypt the message DATACONFANTIALITY using the playfair cipher where ...
-5
votes
1answer
64 views

Unbreakable code and mathematical impossibility

Is an unbreakable code mathematically possible , considering a code with finite number of characters but has infinite combinations , using brute force is it not compulsory that the correct code be ...

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