2
votes
0answers
51 views

Why calculate pi to estimate randomness?

Why do testing suites calculate pi using the Monte Carlo method to determine if a series of numbers are random? As far as I can tell, the Monte Carlo method can be used to estimate pi itself (as a ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How does ECDHE_RSA key exchange mechanism work?

Using Wireshark, I found these data exchanged with google.com over TLS: Client Hello possible cipher suites and possible curve types (eg. secp256r1) sent Server Hello cipher suite selected ...
-2
votes
0answers
47 views

Credit card number encryption using AES counter mode [duplicate]

I want to encrypt 1000 credit card numbers, and I want do it with AES counter mode. Shall I send the nonce separately and not send it along with ciphertext? Is it possible to use dynamic keys with a ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Paillier algorithm encryption [migrated]

Can any one tell me how to implement paillier algorithm for an file that i am uploading this is my code.. ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

What is this cryptosystem called?

From a paper Outsourcing Large Matrix Inversion Computation to A Public Cloud (IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing, Vol. 1, N°1, 2013; alternate source requiring registration; preprint), I got to ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

cryptographic hash function [closed]

Consider an ideal cryptographic hash function H : {0, 1}∗ → {0, 1}n, in other words, H takes a string of arbitrary length and returns a string of n bits, and it is assumed that H acts like a “random ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

Should I remove these use cases of MD5/SHA1 from my program?

I have a web app (a register and login system) written already but i am now improving it. One of its design goals was high security. I have some use cases of md5 and sha1 in it and now i am in doubt ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

What is the best hash for HMAC?

Long question but I am starting to lose sight of all the HASH algo's there are. I know SHAKE128 and 256 are part of the SHA-3 standard but is the SHA3 standard officially released yet? i can only ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Key Confirmation Attack [Key Distribution Center (KDC)]

Okay this is how I understood it according to this: Alice $A$ establishes a connection to $KDC$ and prepares for session key Exchange $k_{ses}$ $A$ encrypts the request with her key $k_A(A, B)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Is it safe to use PBEWithMD5AndDES?

I'm encrypting some of my (not so much important) files with PBEWithMD5AndDES. Is it a strong method or it can be de-crypt easily without knowing my selected ...
-1
votes
1answer
71 views

credit card number encryption using aes-ctr mode

I want to encrypt credit card numbers. I want to apply AES-CTR mode. Is it suitable for that? How can I store nonce and counter values for an individual credit card number? How can I send the ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

security of pairing based cryptography

while going through some papers on cryptographic accumulators i find the following statement "several pairing-based accumulators have been proposed in the past. However, due to continuous and recent ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Using ssh agent to sign a string [migrated]

I am trying to learn more about asymmetric keys. I am writing a program that uses ssh-agent server to sign a message. This works well, but it generates a RSA-SHA1 signature of the message, which I am ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How are RSA and ElGamal compatible in PGP?

I'm starting to play with PGP and I don't understand how if your key pair is RSA you can encrypt a message for someone whose key is for example ElGamal. How does the asymmetric key exchange work if ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

chaining multiple key derivation functions together

I was looking at PBKDF2, bcrypt and scrypt as options for key derivation; and would like to try using them all together in order to get the cryptographic strength of the strongest one (which seems to ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Is it safe to encrypt data by simply randomizing chunks based on a permutation?

Say I want to encrypt the following text: "Today is March the 22nd, 2015". And say want to encrypt 8-byte blocks of data using the following permutation [6,3,0,1,5,7,2,4] to swap characters at those ...
5
votes
1answer
363 views

Purpose of expanding then shrinking in SHA-1

What is the purpose of expanding then shrinking in SHA-1? Does it serves any security purposes?
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Choosing a cipher in SSH

When and how do the client/server agree on what cipher and MAC will be used during an SSH connection?
0
votes
1answer
71 views

How do you implement a cipher as one lookup table?

I am reading up on whitebox cryptography and have trouble understanding how are ciphers implemented as one lookup table? assuming my plaintext is just 4 bits so the size of my lookup table should be ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

What does invertibility of the cryptographic primitive mean?

source: http://www.cosic.esat.kuleuven.be/publications/thesis-152.pdf ,page 32 Note that key recovery implies invertibility of the cryptographic primitive (because due to the Kerckhoffs’ ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Difference between the TLS cipher suites?

TLS_DHE_DSS_AES256_CBC_MAC / TLS_DHE_RSA_AES256_CBC_MAC Hi, I have been studying to learn about various cipher suites and their performances. I gathered that DSS is efficient when compared with RSA. ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

AES product function

Small description: consider a polynomial in GF($2^8$) , which has the form $$f(x) = b_7x^7 + b6x^6 + b_{5}x^5 + b_4x^4 + b_3x^3 + b_2x^2 + b_1x + b_0 $$ If we multiply by x , we have $$x * f(x) = ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Which algorithm can be performed by humans?

Suppose I want my grandmother to perform encryption without any help from a computer, and she must encrypt the word 'HELLO' for me. I could ask her to instead of typing the real keys, that she always ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

About the Security of PCBC Encryption Mode

We are designing an encrypted file system. We plan to use the PCBC (Plaintext Cipher Block Chaining) encryption mode for encryption. This is because we desire the feature ("small changes in the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Security of simple Skein PBKDF mentioned in the paper

From the Skein 1.3 paper section 4.8, Skein as a Password-Based Key Derivation Function (PBKDF), it mentions the following as a simple PBKDF (S = seed and P = password): An even simpler PBKDF is ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Is this an example of a zero knowlege proof?

My Math Structures professor mentioned the strange concept of a zero knowledge proof to me after class one day, and I decided to do some reading about it. After reading the relatively famous "How to ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Coding of unsigned int to prevent guessing next ID

Suppose we are assigning records an unsigned integer ID from a N-bit space (say 32-bit) in a sequential manner. Is there a way we can code this ID before showing it to the public such that someone ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Replacing the PRF in PBKDF2 with Keccak

I am unable to find a reliable, tested library for a decent password based key derivation function e.g. Scrypt in the programming language I am using, but I have a reliable library for PBKDF2 (which ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Is it safe to prefix the a key with a known value?

Almost every encryption algorithm is based on a secret key. I wonder when the algorithm is considered safe, does that also imply that I can prefix (or suffix) the key with a known value, as long as ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Are factorization algorithms parallelizable?

I was reading about the Blum-Blum-Shub random number generator, and its security depends on the hardness of factoring very large numbers (like many things in crypto do). I'm just wondering, if I have ...
-5
votes
1answer
36 views

Creating a new cipher! [closed]

http://flashbackcipher.blogspot.ae/2015/03/introducing-flashback.html Hey guys the above is the blog for a new cipher, if you guys can take a look and suggest problems.. it would be of great help!! ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

RC4 , Is it possible to find the key if we know the plaintext and ciphertext?

Is it possible to find the key if we know the plaintext and ciphertext with RC4. How should I write the algorithm?
5
votes
0answers
51 views

Information-theoretic bound on leakage by timing measurement

I'm looking for an information-theoretic upper bound on leakage by timing measurement. I'm assuming that an attacker wants to leak out of a black box a secret key of $k$ bits that is secretly ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

Moral dilemma on releasing a new E2EE Method [closed]

Please forgive me if this is not an appropriate question but I wanted the opinion of those working in this field as I kind of stumbled into this problem. Im not a cryptographer but I think it's fair ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

How can ECDSA signatures be shortened (to be used as a product key)?

So I made my own serial key generation software, using ECDSA, for use in my own applications and it works great so far! To keep the serial key short enough I use a 128 bit EC curve. My final signature ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

How dangerous is it to encrypt with AES 256 if the end user knows the unencrypted value?

I am implementing a bit of security in a system that was originally built without encryption on a specific piece of data. The plan was to encrypt this piece of data and include it as part of the ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Why is diffie hellman sha1 used instead of diffie hellman

For SSH why is diffie-hellmangroup1-sha1 used instead of just diffie-hellman? In other words why is the hash function used?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Behaviour of LDPC code as density of check matrix increases [closed]

My assignment is to implement a Loopy Belief Propagation algorithm for Low-density Parity-check Code. This code uses a parity-check matrix H which is rather sparse (say 750-by-1000 binary matrix with ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Construct rainbow table to cracking DES

I'm facing to a project that is build a rainbow table to cracking DES. I've already collected information about Hellman, DP, rainbow table method. Finally, i choose rainbow table. I've read topic ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

Substitution cipher with hexidecimal key and encrypted plaintext? [duplicate]

This is a challenge for a past CTF that I was unable to find a writeup for. The challenge gives two ciphers (http://pastebin.com/raw.php?i=Fq98trFw). The "key" has a length of 32, and the flag has a ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

Do asymmetric signatures require constant-time verification?

To avoid a timing attack, HMAC signatures are usually compared in constant-time (every byte is compared, and the results aggregated). Is the same necessary for asymmetric signature algorithms such ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Determining nonce between unsynced systems

It's my first venture into cryptography, and I'm struggling with how to use a nonce in an encryption standard between two digital radios. The two radios support AES encryption, only requiring a ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

HMAC tag to verify the key (verification in the reverse direction)

A quick question. Are there any problems with the following HMAC use-case: We have two entities ($A$ and $B$), both of them have a secret ($A$ has $S_0$ and $B$ has $S_1$) $A$ generates a random ...
-1
votes
0answers
73 views

Is this DH-based key exchange scheme sound? [closed]

Is the following scheme for generating a shared 512-bit secret sound? Select generator: g = 2 (This is the generator from RFC 3526). Select modulus: p = ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

ECDSA for encryption

ECDSA keys are much shorter than RSA keys, but typically only used for signing, not encryption. Is there an accepted way of doing this? (https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=196378.0 ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Deterministically generate a RSA public/private key pair from a passphrase (with sufficient entropy)?

Is it possible to deterministically generate public/private RSA key pairs from passphrases? Would giving the (key generating) algorithm data made from key-stretching the passphrase (instead of a ...
-1
votes
2answers
45 views

Improving on a clocked PRNG

I recently developed a PRNG from scratch with a little inspiration from the initialization function used in the HC stream cipher. The state ($S$) of the basic version is an array of 5 bytes and uses ...
1
vote
3answers
60 views

Deciphering text encrypted with a changing cipher

I know there are many ways to crack basic ciphers were each letter is mapped to some other letter, but what ways are there to decode something that was encrypted using a cipher that changed after ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

how to calculate nonlinearity?

I am struggling to understand how to calculate non-linearty of an s-box, could someone show me a detailed example? I found this question which helped a little, but I still didn't get it, if someone ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Naive implementation of Rainbow Table and/or Hellman's trade-off

Is there any naive implementation of Hellman's cryptanalytic time memory tradeoff in C and/or a naive implementation of Oechslin's rainbow table algorithm in C as well? I have seen some ...

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