4
votes
1answer
122 views

Why a key pair is used in OpenSSL ECDSA_sign or ECDSA_do_sign instead of only private key ?

If the digital signature in ECC (ECDSA) is made using a private key, why is the OpenSSL library using ECKEY pair as an input parameter instead of the private key only ?
4
votes
1answer
99 views

OpenPGP Public-Key algorithm

What means when pgpdump shows this kind of algorithm in the Public-Key Encrypted Session Key Packet? ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Why must we generate the signature before any compression being done at PGP?

I have done some research on PGP and I found out there are of two reasons why we must generate the signature before doing any compression. Yet, I am not sure I really understand them both. One ...
4
votes
2answers
78 views

Is there a signature scheme for the Cramer-Shoup cryptosystem?

I have a project that I have to use cryptosystem and signature scheme for it. I've read about Cramer-Shoup cryptosystem and I want to use it since it is more secure the ElGamal cryptosystem, but, I ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

Parallelization of CFB mode encryption and decryption

While reading Evaluation of Some Blockcipher Modes of Operation by Rogaway (someone just linked it somewhere), I noticed two claims about CFB that I'm not sure I understand: Regarding whether CFB ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

How to generate new LWE samples

Assume we are given a small fixed number of LWE samples with secret $s$ and error $e$, where the error distribution is taken so that the LWE problem is hard. My question: How can one further ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

what are the NTRU keysize and application in industry ?

I'm a student currently working on a research project on the NTRU cryptosystem, I've read some papers about this cryptosystem, and in those papers they are talking about keysize, is it the size of the ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Is it ever unsafe to compress an EC point?

I am working with a library that outputs EC points in uncompressed form. To save space, I'm considering modifying said library to use compressed EC points. Assuming that I keep track of the sign bit ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Is there a format preserving cryptographically secure hash?

I want a way to 'scramble' strings (like words, names) in a predictable way but I don't ever want to (myself or anyone else) be able to 'unscramble' the strings. I found that perhaps what I am ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

What are the steps to decrypt a TLS 1.1 record?

My question is related to another question in Cryptography about TLS 1.1 and 1.2. I have read both RFC 2246 The TLS Protocol Version 1.0 and RFC 4346 The TLS Protocol Version 1.1. What I know is that ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Spritz cipher sponge function capacity

Rivest and Shuldt proposed a new sponge like cipher algorithm called Spritz: http://people.csail.mit.edu/rivest/pubs/RS14.pdf In this paper they say that the strength of the cipher is related to the ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

NIZK Proof of knowledge N of M discrete logarithms (threshold)

It is well known how to produce a NIZK that curvepoints $aG$ and $aP$ have the same discrete logarithm $a$ with respect to the curvepoints they are multiplied by. There is also a way to prove that a ...
4
votes
2answers
783 views

Efficient AES - Use of T-tables

I'm really in trouble! I'm trying to understand how the T-tables in AES encryption work. But I don't know if I get the point. What I understood is that they are used to reduce the whole computation of ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

“Practical” operations supported by functional encryption?

I'm curious about what operations have been developed into functional encryption schemes. What I mean by that is: what operations can be performed over encrypted ciphertexts? Obviously homomorphic ...
4
votes
2answers
262 views

Hash or compression function in Merkle tree nodes?

Wikipedia says about a Merkle tree: Nodes further up in the tree are the hashes of their respective children. Usually, a cryptographic hash function such as SHA-2 or SHA-3 is used for the hashing. ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Session-specific Symmetric Key Derivation Using SHA256

I was wondering if there were any security implications of deriving session keys from a symmetric key using SHA256 in the following manner: $Ks = SHA256(Nonce||K)$, where $Nonce$ is the session ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Clarification of the terms “brute force” and “guess”

In the answer to the question “What exactly is a negligible (and non-negligible) function?” There is a part in the explanation that – as far as my knowledge goes – is conflicting: But instead of ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

Elliptic Curve Crypto, is a distributed signing method possible using Shamir's Secret Sharing?

Note: A distributed signature scheme exists for RSA: Practical Threshold Signatures, Victor Shoup. Is it possible to adapt such scheme for ECC? A centralized signing machine is vulnerable to ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Multiplication-homomorphic schemes

I'm looking into multiplication-homomorphic schemes now and basically I see that there are 3 options: RSA, Boneh-Goh-Nissim and ElGamal. RSA was proved to be insecure unless message is randomly ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

PBKDF2-SHA512 - Does a Big Salt Decrease Security?

I use PBKDF2-SHA512 with an iteration count of 128,000 to hash my passwords. I use a CSPRNG to generate a salt per password. However, I am unsure about the ideal size of the salt. I have read a lot of ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

How to handle the GCD(V,P) != 1 case when doing point addition or point doubling in elliptic curve cryptography

The equation for a finite field Elliptic Curve is of this form: $$y^2 \equiv x^3 + a * x + b \pmod{P}$$ When we do common EC operations like point doubling or point addition we need to calculate the ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Cryptographic pseudo-random generation of address subsets

Suppose I have devices which broadcast, on an insecure channel, 32-bit addresses. I want to make these devices untraceable - one way to do so is to allocate for each device a distinct subset of ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

Will hashing over and over eventually give the same hash?

There are many cases in maths where doing the same thing over and over again will bring you closer to a value. Derivation of polynomials is the striking example: no matter what you start with, you end ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

Would a symmetric cipher with a keylength a big as the data length be information theoretically secure?

One-Time-Pad is information theoretically secure as long as the random number stream is evenly long or longer than the data stream it encrypts, for a "decyphered" message could have been any message ...
4
votes
1answer
359 views

How can k3d3/ed25519-java's performance be improved?

I tried asking this on stackoverflow because I thought it might be a simple coding question and didn't want to clutter up this amazing stack, but I received no responses. CodesInChaos showed me that ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

How to attack this authentication protocol from “Cryptography: An introduction”

Consider the following protocol (from the book "Cryptography: An introduction", by Nigel Smart): ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Private Messaging

Suppose Alice and Bob wants to send messages through Sue without revealing to Eve that the exchange took place. Slightly more formally, I don't want Eve to have any advantage telling if Alice is ...
4
votes
1answer
404 views

Purpose of leading zero in PKCS1-v1_5 padding

According to this document the padded message has the following structure: $EM \;= \; 0x00 \; || \; 0x02 \; || \; PS \; || \; 0x00 \; || \; M$ What is the purpose of this null byte at the beginning ...
4
votes
1answer
316 views

Is there a cryptographic hash function that can be performed with pencil and paper?

Imagine I'm signing up for the 99th new web site this month. I somehow take my secret key (which I have written down on a card in my wallet) and the domain name of the site and feed them both into ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Are there any Javascript CSPRNGs? [closed]

I'm writing some software that requires the use of a CSPRNG with javascript for use in the browser and I'm wondering what libraries are available. Crypto-js doesn't seem to have a CSPRNG I can ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

How HOTP values are validated according to RFC 4226

In Section 7.2 "Validation of HOTP Values" of the HOTP spec (RFC 4226) it says, in part, The HOTP client (hardware or software token) increments its counter and then calculates the next HOTP ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Hardness of CDH in different groups

What is the difference of the CDH problem in different groups? In particular, given a group $\mathbb{G}_1$ of order $q$ that is a subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}_q^*$, $q$ prime, and another group ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

How can I tell which curve a given ECDSA implementation uses? (P-521 or something else)

I'd like to test and see if certain software uses P-521 ECC curves, or if it uses another variant. Without having access to the sourcecode, or the specification, is there any way for me to test which ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Do Gap-CDH groups exist?

A Gap-CDH group is such that, given group elements $g, a = g^x, b = g^y$, it is hard to compute $g^{xy}$, but, given a group element $c$, easy to verify if $c = g^{xy}$. While such groups have been ...
4
votes
1answer
354 views

In ECDSA, how many field operations are used for signature verification?

I am wondering about the computational cost of ECDSA signature verification, in term of multiplications in the base field; and, as an aside, in term of (much cheaper) additions. To make things ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

How to design a practical and secure MAC scheme?

I am sorry, but I need to introduce some concepts which are not directly related to cryptography to make myself clear, I hope I won't stun you with this ... (I'd rather explain it here than redirect ...
4
votes
2answers
582 views

How to calculate y value from ((y*y) mod prime) efficiently

i am working ECC-224 bit. can any one tell me, how to calculate y value from ((y*y) mod prime) efficiently for large bit numbers.
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Security of Deterministic Encryption Scheme

A deterministic encryption scheme is a cryptosystem which always produces the same ciphertext for a given plaintext and key, even over separate executions of the encryption algorithm. Although we ...
4
votes
2answers
272 views

Why do we need to hash both the message and the $h$ value in ElGamal signature?

The professor left us a question on ElGamal signatures: Given the hash function $H$ and message $M$, choose a random $r$ and compute $h=g^r$ and $H(M||h)$. Show that, if $H(M)$ is used instead of ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Changing SRP-6a message order

In SRP-6a, the public key $B$ of the server is normally sent after receiving the public key of the client $A$. Is it okay to send $B$ and $s$ after the client sends its username $I$, but before the ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

Does Grover's algorithm effect block size or only key size?

We know that Grover's algorithm can speed up cracking symmetric keys. Basically the key space is halved. This means we have to use at least a 256 bit key (to get 128 bit security). I heard somewhere ...
4
votes
4answers
655 views

Efficient Symmetric Mutual Entity Authentication Protocol

I am looking for an Authentication protocol for access control. Let's say both the client and server would share a symmetric secret (256 bit key) and the client wants to access the server. Access ...
4
votes
3answers
412 views

Can I use PGP to sign a message without providing cryptographic non-repudation?

The difference between a digital signature and a MAC is non-repudiation. A message with a digital signature proves that only the sender could have signed the message, whereas a message with a MAC ...
4
votes
1answer
489 views

Can ElGamal encryption and ElGamal signatures be used together sharing the same key-pairs?

I'm working on a encryption system where each party can store exactly a single ElGamal private key in a device. This is a hardware limit. The system must be expanded to support signatures and ...
4
votes
2answers
289 views

Detect tampering of data

I have the following problem: There are $n$ users and each users fills in three data points per day, this are three integers between say $-10$ and $10$. I have access to the database and hence I am ...
4
votes
2answers
513 views

Can I use guids / uuids as counters for key derivation?

I have a 512 bit master key, and 128 bit unique identifiers. I'm going to derive 256 bit keys to for use with deterministic and block ciphers. For reference, The KDF I'm going to use is Hash( C | ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

How to construct a zero-knowledge proof of a number of the form $n=p^a q^b$

Let $n = p^a$$q^b$ where p and q are distinct primes and a and b are positive integers. How to construct a zero knowledge proof that n is of such form? This is actually a homework problem with a ...
4
votes
1answer
382 views

How can one share information using the 'host-proof' paradigm?

I am attempting to make a web-based secure password management and sharing utility, both as an academic exercise and to fully understand and feel safe about using it. I really like the idea of a ...
4
votes
1answer
294 views

Undecrypt using the OpenSSL EVP API?

I'm writing a client-server encryption scheme for homework, and I've stumbled upon what might be a fatal blow to my current implementation. When using AES-256-CBC on the two sides, it's important ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

Best choice of finite field for AES on a 4-bit microcontroller?

As the finite field of $GF(2^8)$ are isomorphic to $GF((2^4)^2)$, $GF((2^2)^4)$ and $GF(((2^2)^2)^2)$, which of the fields is best suited and most efficient for 4-bit MCU and why? Would it be ...

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