7
votes
2answers
218 views

Recover from compromised shares with Shamir Secret Sharing

He is a quote from Wikipedia page for Secret Sharing: If the players store their shares on insecure computer servers, an attacker could crack in and steal the shares. If it is not practical to ...
9
votes
4answers
776 views

Is there any strong enough pen-and-paper or mind cipher?

Some ciphers are talked about at “Is there a secure cryptosystem that can be performed mentally?”, but (at the time of writing) I don't see an answer. Are they strong enough, or are non-computer ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

CMAC vs HMAC security strength

From the perspective of a Birthday Paradox attack, isn't it true that CMAC based on AES-128 is weaker than HMAC-SHA-1? The attack on CMAC-AES-128 requires about $2^{64}$ operations whereas the same ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Building a stream-cipher out of a hash function?

I've already read this: Is it feasible to build a stream cipher from a cryptographic hash function? However, my proposed construction differs… Suppose the hash generates N bits. These bits are split ...
5
votes
2answers
182 views

How does Truecrypt change password without the need for a complete re-encryption of volume

From what I understand: TrueCrypt takes the password as message Add salt calculates a digest use digest for encryption From what I understand. A good hash function has Second pre-image ...
4
votes
2answers
549 views

Converting Ed25519 public key to a Curve25519 public key

I understand that: $$x_{montgomery} = \frac{1 + y_{edwards}}{1 - y_{edwards}}$$ Using the libsodium ed25519 implementation, I have tried to write the following: ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

RSA, finding p,q [duplicate]

If the public key $(e,n)$ and the private key $(d,n)$ are known, what is the easiest way to find the primes $p$ and $q$? When $n$ and $\phi(n)$ are given this is easy to solve. But I can't manage it ...
5
votes
0answers
62 views

Implementation and Testing of SRP-6a

I have been wracking my brain trying to develop a functioning implementation of SRP-6a in Python to use with a 3rd-party API that claims to use SRP-6a with $N=$ 2048-bit prime and generator of $2$. ...
2
votes
1answer
638 views

ABC Conjecture's Impact on RSA Encryption

A recent proof of the ABC Conjecture has been released by one Shinichi Mochizuki. Now, I'm not well versed in mathematics but it would appear that this proof implies that finding prime factors could ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Is it insecure to encrypt the wrong plaintext?

Most plaintext must be fed as a string or a binary object to be encrypted. However, it's often possible to mis-decode the plaintext before encrypting it. i.e. If it's received as a string in JSON, ...
4
votes
3answers
530 views

Is there any semantic difference between predicate encryption and functional encryption?

Predicate encryption(PE) arrived as a descendant of attribute based encryption. Attribute based encryption allows the encryptor to embody a policy to the ciphertext (Ciphertext-Policy based ...
9
votes
3answers
512 views

Can we ensure the security of a crypto-algorithm and -implementaton against acoustic cryptanalysis?

Like people always say: “Attacks only get worse…” — which is why I'm asking early. I have been reading the paper “RSA Key Extraction via Low-Bandwidth Acoustic Cryptanalysis” published December 18, ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Algebraic Normal Form Piccolo

I'm trying to verify the claim of paper Improved Algebraic Fault Analysis: A Case Study on Piccolo and with Applications to other Lightweight Block Ciphers about the numbers of equations in algebraic ...
9
votes
2answers
174 views

How exactly does key whitening manage to increase security?

Wikipedia states that key whitening increases security: In cryptography, key whitening is a technique intended to increase the security of an iterated block cipher. It consists of steps that ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Straightforward method for hampering frequency analysis on deterministic encryption

I'm brainstorming some different ways of making deterministic encryption more secure. I want to use deterministic encryption to preserve searchability over the keywords in a document set. However, I ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

A way around digital signatures?

Scenario: I have to protect the integrity of some files that will be exchanged between entities $A$, $B$, $C$. Entity $A$ creates the file (e.g. configuration) and sends it to $B$ and $C$. Entities ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

What characters are valid in PGP encrypted and signed messages?

What characters may be present in a PGP encrypted message or a PGP signature? For example, do encrypted messages only use the Roman alphabet + some numbers and symbols? Can the character set be ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

How can I control the output of a hash function to output to specific data according to similarity?

I do not know if the question lies exactly in that field but I'll give it a try unless rejection. I want to study methods of applying LSH functions to feet in a specific area of digest values. ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Regain 3DES ECB key, assuming I have both encrypted and decrypted text

Let's assume I've encrypted some text with some 24-byte key using 3DES in ECB mode. Is it possible to regain the key if I have both encrypted and decrypted text? (Excluding bruteforce.)
6
votes
1answer
184 views

What is Perceptual Encryption?

What is "Perceptual Encryption", and where do we use it? I came across it whilst reading a paper on ECC in a multimedia context, from which I quote: Hence, to achieve perceptual encryption, the ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Homogenous and heterogeneous Unbalanced Feistel Networks

Unbalanced Feistel networks can be homogenous (F-function identical in each round), or they can be heterogeneous (F-function not always identical in each round). The advantage of heterogeneous UFNs ...
5
votes
2answers
380 views

Does AES specify error messages when using the wrong password to decrypt?

I am writing a small program which uses AES. In testing it with wrong passwords, I get error prompts from Microsoft C# component saying "the padding is bad"; whereas I expect wrongly decoded texts. Do ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How to only encrypt a subset of the plaintext

I was wondering if there is a smart way for a user to only encrypt a subset of a plaintext. I'll try to be more specific. Let's suppose the user U wants to use a special cipher such that given a ...
8
votes
4answers
275 views

Using hashes as passwords

I have thought of a system for generating passwords which works as follows: Take the following items: A password, such as williamwallace. A secret 1000 digit ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

ECDSA with SHA256 and sepc192r1 curve: Impossible, or how to calculate $e$?

I need to use ECDSA as the signing algorithm and SHA256 for hashing the message. I'm running into troubles verifying the signature calculated on two different platform (one is BouncyCastle, another ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Skein or Keccak stream cipher construction

I am wondering if using Skein or the Keccak hash algorithm in this construction (as a stream cipher) is secure: $H$ = Keccak or Skein hash with a 256 bit output $K$ = The main 256 bit random key, ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

PRF and hash functions

Is there a difference between PRF and a hash function? For example: Creation of a secret key is using PRF and creating a secret key is using hash function.
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Should HMAC or NMAC or plain Keccak be used for a secure MAC?

After some digging around in the HMAC spec I found this (paraphrased): Step 1: If the length of Key equals the block size of the hash function (512 bits/64 Bytes for SHA-256), set the key equal ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Public key in fully homomorphic encryption over the integers

I'm reading “Fully Homomorphic Encryption over the Integers” by van Dijk et al. I wonder why $x_0$, which is a component of the public key, should be an odd number?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Computing youngest person among 3 while keeping ages private

I already found a protocol to find out who is richer (older) between two parties, but Is there any protocol to find the youngest person among 3 parties, without revealing actual ages?
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Where can I find source code of a compiler that secures a circuit (or attemps to)? [closed]

In the paper “Multiparty Computation Secure Against Continual Memory Leakage”, on page 1239 under section “Using an LDS Compiler Instead of OCL Compiler”, the authors discuss why they decided to use ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Secure MultiParty Computation with secret inputs for secret outputs

I want to know if it’s possible to use a SMPC (Secure Multi-Party Computation) to have $N$ entities compute the outcome of a known mathematical operation with two or more secret inputs, where each ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Difference between “ECDH with cofactor key” and “ECDH without cofactor key”?

I need to use “ECDH with a cofactor key” for generating symmetric key. I have a fair idea on how ECDH works, but I don’t understand the cofactor part. What is the difference between ”ECDH with a ...
2
votes
2answers
379 views

Can curve25519 keys be used with ed25519 keys?

Can curve25519 keys be used with ed25519? I'd prefer to use ed25519, but there isn't a fast java version. For my application, I'd like to use curve25519 until I can get a faster ed25519 for java. ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Revealing random bit permutation

I am new in cryptography. I want to determine the complexity of revealing a random bit permutation which is used as block cipher for plaintexts (bitstrings of length n). An adversary catches different ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Size of Fresh Ciphertext's Noise in FHE over the integers

I'm studying FHE over the Integer which is https://eprint.iacr.org/2009/616.pdf In the remark 3.4, it says that the fresh ciphertexts have noise at most $2^{\rho'+2}$. I don't know why that ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

References and resources for learning to implement crypt. algorithms? [closed]

I wanted to learn about cryptography so they recommended me some of the books of Bruce Schneier. I'm now reading Cryptography Engineering and planning to follow with this one ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

where to keep the AES keystream?

I am trying to implement an AES encryption on my messages in my app and I want to have a different keystream for each "message group". Therefore, currently I am holding the keystreams in the database ...
8
votes
2answers
943 views

The exact difference between a permutation and a substitution

I've noticed confusing definitions about permutation and substitution, preventing to make the difference. A permutation changes the order of distincts elements of a set, but this can be writen as a ...
16
votes
1answer
8k views

What is the difference between PKCS#5 padding and PKCS#7 padding

One runtime platform provides an API that supplies PKCS#5 padding for block cipher modes such as ECB and CBC. These modes have been defined for the triple DES, AES and Blowfish block ciphers. The ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

About S-box in AES

I am working on AES. Can we expand $s(a \oplus b)$ in terms of $s(a)$ and $s(b)$ where $a$ and $b$ are two eight bit inputs and $s(a)$ is the S-box value of $a$?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between Scrypt and PBKDF2?

After reading these two resources I am wondering am I getting all the differences between Scrypt and PBKDF2. As far as I understood, the similarity is: both are password-based key derivation ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Constant data as input to hash

I want to use hash function on some data, and part of this data, might be constant for a certain period. The output of the hash function is used as authentication data (MAC). I want to know if there ...
5
votes
1answer
66 views

point addition equation in projective co ordinates

How can I get point addition equation for elliptic curves in projective co ordinate system ? Can I get it by changing $$ x = X/Z $$ and $$ y =Y/Z $$ in the equation for affine co ordinates' group law ...
2
votes
2answers
339 views

Cryptographically Secure Hash Algorithm with Very Specific Property

First of all, I apologize if this is a stupid question, but I don't have any background in cryptography. I'm looking for a secure hash algorithm $H$ with the property $H(K_1+n)\oplus ...
4
votes
2answers
127 views

Quantum key distribution simulation

I'm looking for a simulation of the Quantum Key Distribution protocol. Does anyone here have one that they could recommend?
5
votes
2answers
176 views

Is perfect-forward secrecy achieved with RSA?

I am new to cryptography and am going through the book Understanding Cryptography by Paar and Pelzl. From what I understand Symmetric key distribution systems like Kerberos do not provide PFS ...
4
votes
1answer
590 views

Correctly generating cryptographically secure pseudorandom numbers (in C)?

I am learning about cryptography, purely for my own interest. As part of that, I am implementing a simple one-time-pad toolset in C. Naturally, I need to generate random numbers to create the pad, ...
3
votes
1answer
780 views

Theoretical attack on RSA

The high security of RSA is granted, because it is very hard to factorize $$ N = p * q $$ Nevertheless, there is actually no need of factorizing $N$, in order to generate the $Private$ $Key$, but the ...
28
votes
1answer
1k views

How is the MD2 hash function S-table constructed from Pi?

For fun, I'm learning more about cryptography and hashing. I'm implementing the MD2 hash function following RFC 1319 (http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1319). I'll preface by saying I know there are ...

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