All Questions

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Malleability of homomorphic encryption

El Gamal is a malleable homomorphic encryption system, so is Rabin. Are all homomorphic encryption systems malleable? Or are there any that are not malleable? Thanks!
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Proving the semantic security of the One Time pad

Currently hearing a lecture on cryptography, and the professor gave us the definition of semantic security, which is roughly the following (formally not quite complete, but you get the idea): ...
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Does it necessary the public key is prime number in RSA algorithm?

I read some books talk about RSA cryptography but I did not understand something when choosing a public key $e$ Sometimes the condition is $1<e<$$\phi(n)$ Where $\phi(n) = p-1 * q-1$ also ...
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Arithmetic modulo 1

In the context of lattice-based cryptography, in particular the Learning With Errors (LWE) problem, I see some definitions given in terms of equations modulo 1 (see for example, Appendix A of this ...
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Point decompression on an elliptic curve

I'm programming an elliptic curve cryptosystem and I'm having difficulty with decompressing points. The following information is from my project specification as to my understanding: Given a point ...
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I don't care about replay attacks. What should I do with the nonce in nacl?

My system forwards encrypted and/or signed messages on a gossip network. Replay is part of the design. What should I do with the nonce? I'm tempted to just set it to the same number always. Is this a ...
221 views

Hash collision using the leading 40-bits of SHA-1

I am trying to implement Floyd's cycle finding algorithm for finding a leading 40-bit hash collision in the SHA-1 algorithm. However, my code will not find a repetition even with 800,000,000 hashes. ...
123 views

Where have all the cypherpunks gone?

In 1992, cypherpunks was created as a mailing list for activists advocating for cryptography. Arguably, the cypherpunks mailing list was the foundation for the movement and the centre of it all. ...
113 views

What is the use of segments in Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB)

In NIST SP800-38A: Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation CFB can be used with a parameter s - the size of a data segment in bits - which determines the ...
624 views

What is more secure, a ciphertext encrypted with AES-256 or encrypted with 3 different AES-128 keys?

Or better yet, is encrypting a block with 2 AES-128 keys just as secure as encrypting a block with 1 AES-256 key? By the way, I've only recently been learning cryptography stuff; I've made working ...
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Is $(f(X), G(X))$ pseudorandom?

If $f:\{0,1\}^n \to \{0, 1\}^n$ is a one-way function, $G:\{0, 1\}^n \to \{0, 1\}^m$ is a pseudorandom generator, and $U_m$ is the uniform distribution over $m$-bit strings. Is the joint distribution ...
76 views

Why do we need password in a server which uses TLS?

Suppose a server uses TLS to protect communication between us and the server. I observe that in the TLS handshake protocol, password is not mentioned anywhere. Then why do we need to have a ...
257 views

rsa public and private keys

I have a question about RSA key generation. This is a simple RSA algorithm: Choose p = 3 and q = 11 Compute n = p * q = 3 * 11 = 33 Compute ?(n) = (p - 1) * (q - 1) = 2 * 10 = 20 Choose e such that ...
315 views

Use case of RSA CRT

I discovered the CRT version of RSA cryptosystem which is used in many crypto libraries (openSSL, Java...). The use of the Chinese Remainder Theorem improves the speed of decryption so why it's not ...
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DES-X , computation load and storage

The passage said that the computational load to attack DES-X can be reduced to approximately $2^{(56+64)}=2^{120}$ steps,and the storage of data sets should be $2^{64}$. But I can't figure why ...
127 views

What can be learned from the ciphertext of LibSodium's crypto_box_detached()?

LibSodium, (https://github.com/jedisct1/libsodium), has a function crypto_box_detached() which does authenticated encryption using the public key of the recipient ...
113 views

Protection of Elliptic Curve Implementations against side-channel attacks [closed]

Recent fast elliptic curve implementations, for example a presentation at Eurocrypt 2014 (earlier presentation slides, the paper) talks about protection against only timing attacks. Why only timing ...
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Usage of different size chunks during AES encryption/decryption

I want to encrypt user's files on our server. For this purpose I decided to use the PHP Mcrypt library. I chose to use the Rijandel-128 algorithm and CBC mode for encryption. Since files are quite ...