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GCM can be defined with 64-bit ciphers, see Appendix A of here: http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/BCM/documents/proposedmodes/gcm/gcm-spec.pdf NISTs's final GCM spec doesn't include this option. I suspect that this is because the security of GCM's MAC component depends on the difference between the number of blocks in the longest possible message and ...


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According to Wikipedia, GCM is defined for block ciphers with a block size of 128 bits. So no, you can't use GCM with 3DES or DES, because of the 64-bit block size. You could use something similar to GCM, but it wouldn't be GCM.



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