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If we want to make three successive DES encryptions or decryption using 2 secret keys K1, K2 at least one time, and possibly a public constant C0 used as key, we are bound to chose among the following six possibilities (listed by alphabetical order, ignoring configurations equivalent by exchange of K1 and K2); all except number 5 are vulnerable to a basic ...


In two key 3DES two keys are equal so that key size is only 112 bits, compared to the 168 bits of full 3DES. The advantage is a smaller key size without a correspondingly large loss in security: both two and three key 3DES can be attacked in about $2^{112}$ time. With the encrypt-decrypt-encrypt construction it clearly must be the first and last key that ...

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