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AES-CTR is a stream cipher, of a particular kind where the keystream is obtained by encryption of a counter. So the question reduces to: what are drawbacks of AES-CTR compared to other stream ciphers? The main ones compared to ChaCha20 are: Without hardware support, AES can fail to cache-timing attacks. Without hardware support, AES is slower. Without ...


4

First, AES-CTR isn't "similar to a stream cipher." It is a stream cipher. That means the real question is "why do we develop new stream ciphers when AES-CTR provides an acceptable one?" The answer is that newer stream ciphers tend to be superior to AES in some way or another. AES is a secure cipher, but it has some bad properties; for instance, it's hard ...


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There are two things here: Encryption uses mode of operation, and not "AES alone". Some of them are randomized by an initialization vector - that means the encryption of the same text under the same algorithm is still randomized and not deterministic. The encryption methods take care of that. You only need the correct key to decrypt. Passwords are not ...



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