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XSalsa20 uses the same cryptographic core as Salsa20 and comes with a security proof that it's secure if Salsa20 is secure. It doesn't use the core of ChaCha and thus has worse diffusion. The way XSalsa20 works is that it hashes its 256 bit key and the first 128 bits of the nonce using HSalsa down to a 256 bit key and then uses that key together with the ...


I suggest Vigenère cipher, it is fun on paper and also you can be creative in using key. you can use your phone number as key or your entire family phone number in age order. Key: ABCDABCDABCDABCDABCDABCDABCD Plaintext: CRYPTOISSHORTFORCRYPTOGRAPHY Ciphertext: CSASTPKVSIQUTGQUCSASTPIUAQJB http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vigen%C3%A8re_cipher


For confidentiality purposes? one time pad (when possible) rc4 (because you can by hand)


Ciphers don't use signature schemes. They do use MACs, which are different (and employ HMAC variants of hash functions, e.g. HMAC-SHA1). There is no danger in using SHA1 in this manner (or MD5 either, but I wouldn't advise doing that if you can avoid it). TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 also use SHA1 and MD5 internally, but this is still considered secure because they ...

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