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The attack outlined by Drlecter is valid for any deterministic MACs (that is: with the MAC a function of message and key) with an iterated structure and an $n$-bit state. It relies on internal state collisions, expected to occur after about $2^{n/2}$ messages (the birthday bound), that can allow forgery once discovered. I'll illustrate this in the case of ...


3

While collision resistance can be defined for normal hash functions like SHA1, for target collision resistance you need a so called keyed hash function, that is a hash function that additionally to a message $m$ also takes a key $k$. The simplest way to construct a keyed hash function out of a regular one is to prepend the key in front of the message: ...


3

Password hashes need first pre-image resistance and should not cause many collisions among typical passwords (preserve the entropy). This collision "attack" violates neither requirement and causes no practical security issues. While this issue can find trivial collisions, they're not between commonly chosen passwords. A SHA-1 hash (and thus the shorter of ...


2

No, it is not broken. This is NOT A PROBLEM for PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1. The PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA1 function is a key derivation function (password-based key derivation). It is fairly good function, for instance it is recommended by NIST (NIST SP 800-132). It is (relatively) rare for this function to have a collision, but collisions generally are not a problem for key ...



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