Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

3

If the protocol doesn't provide authentication, an attacker can probably mount replay attacks or make deterministic changes to messages. If the nonces in different blocks are not compared in any way, they can just take the ID block of a previous message and use it with a new one, to forge it being from that device. If nonces are required e.g. to be equal in ...


3

I don't think this scheme would make sense, either from a performance or a crypto-design perspective. From a crypto-design perspective, simply encrypting with a block cipher would be better. Encrypting with a block cipher, or other suitable symmetric-key encryption scheme, takes running time that is linear in the length of the data to be encrypted (not ...


2

There are two ways to attack encryption that uses a derived key: You can attack the encryption algorithm. In the case of correctly used* 128-bit AES, that essentially amounts to a brute force attack on the 128-bit keyspace. This would succeed after on average $2^{127}$ tries (if it were practical). If you knew that two files had used the same password ...


2

Your idea for constructing a distinguisher from a predictor is fine, assuming you know that the predictor predicts the last bit. The more general statement is: if you can predict any bit of the output, say the $i$th bit, given the first $i-1$ bits, then you can also build a distinguisher. A similar idea to what you showed also works to prove this ...


2

Berlekamp-Massey is designed for the situation where you have observed $2n$ consecutive output bits from a $n$-bit LFSR. It doesn't work if the observed bits are scattered randomly, at random non-contiguous offsets in the stream. Information-theoretically, a minimum of $2n$ bits of output are needed to reconstruct the LFSR. Intuitively, this is because ...


2

Dinh, Moore, Russell have shown that the quantum algorithm (Quantum Fourier sampling) used to attack RSA and ElGamal does not work on McEliece-like crypto systems. (I think) this means, that there are no known algorithms on quantum computers that decrease the complexity of attacks on McEliece, and thus McEliece is just as safe post-quantum computers as it is ...


1

How to prove the security of the PRNG? My best advice would be to start with a statistical test suite like the one NIST describes in "A Statistical Test Suite for Random and Pseudorandom Number Generators for Cryptographic Applications" (PDF). It’s a battery of statistical tests to detect non-randomness in binary sequences constructed using random ...


1

Given a function $F: A \rightarrow B$ and a function $R:B \rightarrow A$, we can create a chain of length $k$ from a starting point $a_0$ to an end point $a_k$ using $a_i = R(F(a_{i-1}))$. A rainbow table for $(F, R, k)$ is a collection of chains with end points $(a_0, a_k)$ organized so that searching for chains ending at $a_k$ is cheap. We use a rainbow ...


1

Yes, according to NIST SP 800-56A revision 2, a KDF based on HMAC-SHA-256 is a suitable option. The basic idea behind using a Key Based Key Derivation Function KBKDF is that the output of the the primitive within the key agreement protocol (DH, ECDH) returns enough entropy for a key to be created. However that entropy may still be distinguishable from ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible