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ANSI X9.9 uses DES for its crypto - these keys are 56 bits long, or 112 bits for 3DES. The financial world mostly moved to 3DES a few years back so keys will generally be 112 bits. Normally they have parity bits added (1 per 7 bits of key), so are transmitted as 64 bit (single DES) or 128 bit (triple DES) values. When presented in human-readable form, they ...


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This illustrates the importance of getting the key order right with 3DES two-key keying option. With the correct order of $k_1$, $k_2$, $k_1$ you get something that should be impossible to attack with current resources, while with the incorrect order in the question it is feasible to attack. The outer two encryption layers can be joined into a single ...



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