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The question is well answered by ninefingers, but the question exposes fundamental confusion on the part of Mitchell. The NT Hash is not salted, and it IS PASSWORD EQUIVALENT. There is no need to use the hash to get the password, just use the hash to access the resource! Second, the password must be greater than 14 characters to avoid the LM hash, see MS ...


1

By that statement, does that mean adding a random character to a random position in a Diceware word adds 10 bits to each word? No. The ten bit estimate is for adding a random symbol from the 36-item table to a random position in the passphrase. The entropy in the character choice is about five bits and the entropy in the choice of position is another ...


5

If you add a truly random character into a truly random position of a word (uniformly chosen), you get "entropy of position" + "entropy of character" as addition to the entropy of the word. (Not exactly, it's a bit less). The entropy of character is the size of the possible characters. 64 possible characters would be $log2(64) = 6$ bits of entropy. Entropy ...



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