New answers tagged differential-analysis
From your picture I deduce that $A$ and $B$ are both 8 bits. So this construction can be seen as a $16 \times 8$ bit S-box (not bijective). The fact that it's not square is probably what is causing confusion. Usually, for SPNs, invertible S-boxes are used. Non-invertible S-boxes are less common, but they certainly have applications. One of the things we can ...
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