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The standard for full-disk encryption (FDE) is XTS mode or ESSIV-AES-CBC. XTS tweaks each block within each sector differently (and hence avoids ECB's problems) and is considered the best choice available at the moment. ESSIV-AES-CBC works by using AES-CBC with the IV being the hash of the sector index. The problem with this mode is that you can flip bits ...


There are no security advantages to evaluating the polynomial at random places instead of sequential. The information theoretic security proof of Shamir secret sharing does not depend on the evaluation points being chosen in any specific manner.


The quoted passage of the Wikipedia article is wrong does not at first reading seem to match Blowfish as in Bruce Schneier's Description of a new variable-length key, 64-bit block cipher (Blowfish) (in proceedings of the first FSE conference, held Dec. 1993) which for this same operation reads: XOR P1 with the first 32 bits of the key, XOR P2 with the ...


When we have regions of the packet that we only authenticate but not encrypt, that happens because we have data that we want to bind to the encrypted region, but we don't need to include within the encrypted region. Examples of this are: For IPsec, we include the sequence number (as a part of the ESP header). We include that within the authentication ...

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