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Indeed both have the aim to prevent same messages "encrypting" to the same plaintext. The difference is the context. People speak about using IVs if they want to use them in blockcipher modes, like CTR or CBC. People use the word "salt" if they want to refer to something that is stored in public but must be somewhat random and large. Usually this applies ...


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Well, your requirements sound pretty much like standard disk encryption ones. Assuming you can assign IDs (0,1,2...) to each 4kiB sector implicitely.In this case you could simply use XTS-mode of encryption using AES. You'd then iterate through the 4kiB block using the inner counter and iterate through all sectors using the outer counter. This should give ...


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Yes. They're called Format-Preserving Encryption schemes, and this is the best known construction of that.



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