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Quoting “Exam Ref 70-486 Developing ASP.NET MVC 4 Web Applications (MCSD): Developing ASP.NET MVC 4 Web Applications” by William Penberthy, Pearson Education, 15 Sep 2013: Salting is a process that strengthens file encryption and hashes, making them more difficult to break. Salting adds a random string to the beginning or end of the input text prior to ...

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I'm wondering what the recommended number of iterations would be? Unlike bcrypt or traditional crypt, argon2 does not have a single iteration count, but three parameters affecting the computational cost: Number of iterations $t$, affecting the time cost. Size of memory used $m$, affecting the memory cost. Number of threads $h$, affecting the degree of ...

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For example, someone suggested improving UNIX authentication by defining 3 different passwords for a user that are stored in the shadow file. All three passwords are stored with the same salt value. When a user wants to authenticate to some system, he must provide in the i attempt to login, the i mod 3 password. For example, in the first attempt he will ...

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There are a number of considerations here, I'll try to lay them out one at a time for ease of following: What must the site do with the data? Oftentimes, we ask web sites to do things on our behalf when we are not actually visiting them. For example, I may want crypto.SE to email me when there are responses to this post. The site could not do that ...

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I seriously doubt the standard for passwords these days being 8 characters. I would consider anything below 10 characters seriously flawed. I personally always use 20 character passwords. Often, encryption keys are used as such, while passwords are (or at least should be) strengthened with a KDF. The vulnerability of an n bits password or key depends on the ...

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I know that humans would find it impossible to maintain a 128 bit password -- however, I wonder if there is some technical reason why a 52 bit password would not be as weak as a 52-bit encryption key for that matter. First, I would argue that 128 bits is not impossible to remember. My current password manager master password is almost 100 bits (6 words ...

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This scheme is similar to bitcoin HD wallets (bip32) which have now been in use for several years, and holding millions of dollars worth of funds, ie. they have come under attack, by determined and resourceful attackers, but to this day, they are still considered one of the most secure solutions, and all high security hardware wallets us that approach. So ...

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