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A few approaches: Generic format preserving encryption. For example AES in FFX mode. The downsides of this approach are complexity and performance. Block-ciphers with small (typically 32 bit) blocks. Skip32 derived from Skipjack ipcrypt (very recent, no security analysis so far) The downside of this approach is that these ciphers aren't very popular ...


swap-or-not seems perfect for your use case.


The usage of the r key forces both parties to "fix" the public DH keys. So Alice doesn't know Bob's public DH key before she's generating her own one. And Bob can not make the choice of the public key dependant on Alice's choice and vice versa. This forces both parties to be honest and to generate both public keys at random as there is no opportunity to ...

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