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First, you should not write your own CSPRNG - there are plenty of well vetted ones from which you may pick. Second, your text and your pseudo code do not match (rotate key or rotate the seed). Third, as I understand this algorithm it doesn't even give good randomness properties. For example: Main> let seed = `0x82398eeaf74239 : [64] Main> let key = ...


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The randomness still holds in your example but it is not true for any value of N. For example, if the original key space was {0,1,2} and you wanted to restrict it to {0,1}, doing mod 2 would give the following results: 0 mod 2 = 0 1 mod 2 = 1 2 mod 2 = 0 Clearly, 0 will occur more often than 1 (not uniformly random). I believe the more general rule ...


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The question asks if $\operatorname{SHA-1}(M)\bmod n$ is random, giving the example of $n=2^{80}$. I'll consider arbitrary $M$ (that is, determined without knowledge of SHA-1, or just of SHA-1's 160-bit initialization constant), and that it makes $\operatorname{SHA-1}(M)$ indistinguishable from $160$ random bits (which is true from a computational ...


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Well, I am not an expert in this, and this is an answer only because I can't comment yet, however I will do my best. The numeric ID space is now functionally 0 to 2^80-1, so as you noted the probability of collisions increases. The result is that being distributed across a range of 0 to 2^80-1, due to the higher collision chance, results in a higher ...


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Short answer / tl;dr: Yes, that can occur, but it is no problem most cases. The sequence "1234" would be a perfectly normal output for a generator which ouputs a pattern of 4 numbers from 0 to 9. If every possible sequence has the same probability of being used as output (called being uniformly distributed), than "1234" is as likely as "7392" or even ...



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